New Brazilian Traffic Laws
The New Brazilian Traffic Laws
January 22, 1998
Translated from "Codigo de
Transito Brasileiro na Pratica"
Produced by the Programa de Reducao de Acidentes nas Estradas (PARE)
Infractions, Penalties and Fines
The following table demonstrates the point system and the designated fine based on the seriousness of the infraction.
|Infrac„o (Infraction)||Pontos (Points)||Multa|(UFIR*) (Fine)|
Gravissima (very serious)
Leve (less serious)
* Unidade Fiscal de Referencia (fiscal reference unit) ie: Brazilís economic index not subject to daily inflationary fluxes.
1 UFIR is approx equal to .9 USD. Note that some of these fines are multiplied by 3-5.
Depending upon the infraction the fine could be 3-5 times the value above. If you are fined and pay the ticket soon thereafter you will receive a 20% discount. Several of crimes are not only fined but include apprehension of the vehicle, license or other privileges.
Very serious crimes
Driving the wrong way down a one-way street
Transporting a child under 10 years of age in the front seat. If the back seat is completely full of children the oldest child may sit in the front seat. This exception does not apply to paid systems of transport.
Not providing first aid to a victim of an accident in which you have been involved.
Driving without the proper license
Driving on an expired driverís license
Driving a vehicle of a different category other than that which is authorized on your driverís license
Driving 20% faster than the speed limit (3x fine).
Use an anti-radar device while driving
Threatening pedestrians or other vehicles
Driving with a license that has been expired for more than 30 days
Crossing a police road block without authorization
Driving a vehicle which has had any of its identification numbers altered
Driving a motorcycle whereby: either driver or passenger are not using helmets, the passenger is less than 7 years old, the driver is careless and not using headlights
Transporting passengers in the trunk without authorization
Driving a car with illegal tags, no tags or without a license
Falsifying or altering driverís license or other vehicle identification
Driving without glasses or proper eyewear that were necessary to obtain your license (3 x fine)
Refusing to show proper documents to police officials when requested
Removal of impounded car without permission
Permitting a person who is not in a proper physical, emotional or mental state, or is under the influence of drugs or alcohol to drive
Blocking traffic with your vehicle
Blocking police or firemen while responding to an emergency
Not giving pedestrians the right of way at a traffic light or on a cross walk
Not slowing down at schools, hospitals or near places where there is a lot of foot traffic
Passing on curves, hills, at crossroads, bridges or tunnels or whereever there is insufficient visibility
Driving on sidewalks, bike paths, grassways or in public parks and areas not designated for automobiles
Making U-turns where it is prohibited
Driving on the wrong side of the road
Not using turn signals to signal land change or turn
Not using Ė or not enforcing use of seat belt in your car
Driving too closely to the cars in front of and beside you
Passing on the shoulder
Allowing for or repairing your vehicle in traffic Ė except in cases where removal is necessary
Following an ambulance, police car or firetruck when they are driving with their siren on.
Not providing assistance to accident victims when requested by police authorities.
Driving in reverseÖ??
Not driving off the right side of the road to prepare for a left turn
Passing vehicles waiting in line for traffic light or in a jam
Disobeying the orders of the transit authorities
Turning right or left at places not allowed by traffic lights.
Driving with poorly adjusted head lights
Driving a car that is emitting smoke or particulates above levels permitted by CONTRAN
Driving a car with windows partially or fully covered; persian blinds or curtains are permited only when there are two external rearview mirrors
Driving a vehicle without the necessary and functioning equipment as mandated by CONTRAN
Not registering vehicle within the 30 day time period
Driving people, animals or cargo on the outside of a vehicle except where authorized
Not notifying transit authorities when giving car to junk yard or selling for parts
Parking in front of a garage, parking 5 meters from the garage entrance, a fire hydrant, water meter, or an underground entrance, or restricting movement of another vehicle. Parking in places or during hours that are posted as illegal.
Running out of gas
Driving a car with more people than is allowed;
Transporting people for money when the vehicle is not licensed to perform this service
Using a car alarm that produces sounds and loud noises which disturb the public
Displaying license plates on the car which are different than those authorized by CONTRAN
Not transferring car registration within the allotted 30 day time period
Impeding highway traffic by not allowing a car to pass on the left
Driving half the maximum velocity and backing up traffic, with the exception of: bad traffic conditions, bad weather, slow traffic on the right
Passing through puddles and intentionally splashing pedestrians with water
Throwing trash out the car window
Not removing your car from the scene of an accident where there were no injured victims, so that traffic can continue to flow
Stopping the car in the pedestrian crosswalk
Passing on the right, except when driving around a car that has signaled to make a left turn
Impeding traffic flow by driving side by side with another
Driving down steep hills with the engine off or with car in neutral
Driving with weight in excess of that established by CONTRAN
Towing another vehicle with a flexible cord or line, except in cases of emergency.
Driving with arm outside the car
Driving with headphones connected to a cell phone or to music.
Not maintaining a lateral distance of 1.5 meters between the car and a bicycle.
Less serious crimes
Using high beams in traffic where there is public lighting
Using a horn for unreasonable use and for prolongued periods between 10 pm and 6 am.
Honking in places where signs prohibit it
Driving without the necessary documents on person
Driving with invalid car registration or documents for a chaffeur/driver
Driving in lanes only authorized for other vehicle types (ie taxis, buses)
Unauthorized passing of a parade or procession.
Parallel parking more than 50 cm from curb.
Driving while not paying attention.