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  Folha Amazônica

November 2002

Statement of Cooperative Interactions: Nature of NASA Involvement in LBA-ECO Science Team Member Research 

NASA is contributing ecological and land cover and land use change research to the Brazil-led Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA); this research contribution, or module, is called "LBA-ECO."   The LBA-ECO Project Office is led by the NASA-designated LBA-ECO Project Manager and LBA-ECO Project Scientist.  The LBA-ECO Project Office will be responsible for overall scientific direction and coordination, installation of field infrastructure, logistics support, support of meetings, and development of a component of the LBA data and information system.  NASA will form the LBA-ECO Science Team to be composed of scientists selected for participation in LBA-ECO.  The LBA-ECO Science Team will be led by the LBA-ECO Project Scientist.  The recipient Principal Investigator will become a member of the LBA-ECO Science Team and the overall LBA Science Team and will be expected to attend LBA and LBA-ECO Science Team meetings or to send an appropriate representative from amongst his/her co-Investigators as well as ensure that at least one of his/her host country counterparts attends.

Program Managers at NASA Headquarters and LBA-ECO Project Office staff expect to interact frequently with the recipient institution and Principal Investigator.  These interactions will occur at the regular LBA and LBA-ECO Science Team meetings and will also involve frequent telephone and/or electronic mail exchanges.  The recipient Principal Investigator will be expected to keep the LBA-ECO Project Office informed of his/her major LBA-ECO plans and activities, including research travel. The LBA-ECO Project Office will keep the recipient informed of major Project developments, activities, plans, and schedules. 

NASA will participate in the overall design and direction of LBA-ECO, and, thus, influence the recipient's research activities throughout the course of the LBA Project.  The recipient Principal Investigator, through his/her membership on the LBA-ECO Science Team and as led by the LBA-ECO Project Scientist, will be expected to participate in the development of the scientific content, direction, and priorities within LBA-ECO.

The LBA-ECO Project Office will provide certain common infrastructural and logistical support for the LBA-ECO Science Team.  The recipient Principal Investigator will be expected to provide information on his/her requirements, as requested, and to make cost-effective use of this support when appropriate.  The recipient Principal Investigator will be expected to make systematic use of the web-based scheduling tools at the LBA-ECO Project Office to provide advance information on personnel, infrastructure support requirements, travel schedules and accompaniment plans for scientific fieldwork in Brazil so that the Brazilian LBA management, NASA management, and other science team members may be accurately informed.  The recipient Principal Investigator will be responsible for keeping this information up-to-date.

The LBA-ECO Project Office will coordinate LBA-ECO participation in LBA Project-wide activities (important examples are training and education and public outreach).  The recipient Principal Investigator will be expected to participate, as requested and as appropriate to his/her role in LBA-ECO, in these activities.

Brazil's Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT) has established a data policy for LBA based on recommendations from the LBA Science Team, established practices, and the LBA Project data policy recommendations.  NASA expects the recipient Principal Investigator and all LBA-ECO investigators to comply with all LBA data policies as well as established NASA data policies and practices.    All LBA researchers must follow the national laws concerning export of all data gathered by foreign researchers of the various Amazonian countries, notably Brazil.

LBA data and publication policies are as follows:

1.      Data generated by LBA will become public domain and will be permanently archived in Brazil. The LBA Data and Information System (DIS) will provide tools for documenting, storing, searching and distributing these data.

2.      All LBA data should be available to all LBA researchers. Exceptions may be made in the case of raw or preliminary data, for which distribution can be restricted for a limited period of time. 

3.      There will be no periods of exclusive rights to publish LBA results. Exceptions are possible for students where graduation requirements prohibit publication of results prior to acceptance of a Thesis.

4.      Individual investigators may make their own data more widely available at any time. Outside investigators may be given access to these data as soon as the data have been submitted to the LBA DIS, with some prudent time period for quality control.

5.      Each LBA module is responsible for establishing a time schedule for data exchange within the projects and data delivery to the LBA DIS. The time limit for data delivery to the LBA-DIS will be no more than one year.

6.      Data should be analyzed cooperatively by all scientists involved in obtaining them. Especially cooperation across disciplines and among South American, European and North American researchers should be encouraged.  Publications resulting from work under LBA should be co-authored by all scientists who have participated substantially in the work, unless some participants choose not to be on the authors' list. The same applies to presentations at meetings.  Special effort by each non-South American researcher should be put into integration of South American researchers in their work and in the publication of the results.

7.      Where data are used for modeling or integrating studies, the scientist collecting the data will be credited appropriately, either by co-authorship or by citation. Investigators using data provided by another investigator as a substantial component of a paper should offer the originating investigator co-authorship. In cases where data from other investigators are a minor contribution to a paper, the data should be referenced by a citation. Users of the data will always have to state the source of the data.

8.      Specific constraints for certain data sources (e.g., satellite products, global meteorological analysis, etc.) may be subject to copyright restrictions which are more limiting than this LBA data policy. It is up to the LBA Organizing and Implementation Committee (OIC) or their designee to take the first steps in making contacts with officials and institutions in order to prepare specific agreements that will allow LBA scientists to use the data.

9.      If conflicts do occur, they should be resolved at the level of the LBA modules.

NASA has entered into an official agreement in support of LBA-ECO, the "Implementing Arrangement between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the United States for Cooperation on Ecological Research in the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA)" signed on 17 December 1998.  This agreement covers compliance with host country laws, regulations, and procedures for foreign expeditions, as well as intellectual property rights and liability protections.  NASA expects the recipient to comply with its provisions.

Plans for LBA-ECO have been outlined in the Experiment Plan, developed by NASA and the Brazilian Space Research Institute (INPE).  INPE, under the oversight of MCT, is responsible for LBA within Brazil.  NASA and INPE are the Executing Agencies designated by the Brazil-U.S. Implementing Arrangement.  Recipient investigators are expected to keep INPE informed, through the LBA-ECO Project Office, of any changes in their investigation plans, particularly of any additions of field sites, changes in team membership, or changes in field research travel itineraries.  Some of these changes will need to be reviewed and approved by NASA and/or MCT, and investigators should expect to plan accordingly.  Investigators will be expected to ensure their investigation is in compliance with the Brazilian law that requires that foreign nationals be accompanied by a recognized representative of their Brazilian counterpart institution(s) to field research sites within Brazil.  This is a responsibility of the Brazilian counterpart and his/her institution, but full cooperation is expected on the part of NASA-sponsored investigators from U.S. institutions.

NASA will provide guidance on safety and logistical procedures.  The recipient will be expected to comply with all such applicable procedures.


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