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TG-03 Abstract

Characterization of Aerosol Optical Properties and Solar Flux for LBA-ECO

Paulo Artaxo — USP - Universidade de Sao Paulo (SA-PI)
Alejandro Fonseca Duarte — UFAC - Universidade Federal do Acre (SA-PI)
Joel S. Schafer — Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (US-PI)
Alberto W Setzer — CPTEC - Centro de Previsão do Tempo e Estudos Climáticos (INPE) (SA-PI)

We propose to continue monitoring aerosol optical

properties, water vapor, and surface irradiance within our existing network. 

Our highly successful network currently includes eight established sites,

with seven located in the Amazon basin, that have provided regular measurements

at some locations since the early phase of the LBA project dating back to

January 1999.  Further observations

will enhance the multi-year dataset already acquired, and allow for a

comprehensive study of inter-annual variability of aerosol optical properties

(biomass-burning and background aerosols) both seasonally and spatially.

We plan to continue our studies of the attenuation of

broadband irradiance by biomass burning aerosols across the region.  These studies have produced two LBA related journals papers to date. 

At least two funded LBA investigators are producing surface irradiance

products from satellite data, and they will be relying on our flux measurements

for validation of their products and on our AOD data for smoke attenuation


Our previous studies have presented fractional reductions

in expected flux due to smoke, and we now plan to also assess the radiative

effects of clouds at all our network sites.  MODIS cloud products (fractional coverage and optical thickness

parameters) will be used with the observed local irradiance reductions to

develop algorithms for estimating cloud attenuation of surface flux.  The large spatial aspect of MODIS data will allow us to scale our point

source observations to a basin-wide quantification of cloud effect.  The characterization of diurnal trends in cloud attenuation, which varies

greatly with month, will provide time-of-day corrections that can be applied to

MODIS observations.  The accuracy of

MODIS measurements, necessarily limited to a short duration, can thus be

improved for application to non-overpass periods of the day.

Collection of additional aerosol properties data sets

from our LBA network will enable us to study the regional aerosol optical

properties in detail and to investigate seasonal trends. We plan to investigate

possible differences in aerosol single scattering albedo and size distribution

between sites in central Amazonia versus in the southern arc of deforestation,

that may result due to differences in the severity of the dry season and thus

differences in fuel moisture content. Additionally, seasonal trends in aerosol

absorption at each site will be studied, which may result from differences in

transport and aging of aerosols and in the fuel moisture as the dry season

transitions to the wet season.

In addition to our permanent installations, a number of

additional CIMEL sunphotometer and flux sensors will be deployed in support of

intensive field campaigns planned for the next two years (SMOCC, Dry-to-Wet

Season Field Campaign (August-November 2002)) with Brazilian and European

collaborators.   A micro-pulse

lidar (providing details of vertical aerosol distribution), 4-5 additional CIMEL

sun-sky radiometers, and a temporary network of 20-30 hand-held sunphotometers

will be operated in Rondônia during select experiments.

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