NOTICE -- The LBA-ECO Project website is no longer being supported.  This archive is a snapshot, as it existed in 2013, of the LBA-ECO website, maintained by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and now archived at the ORNL DAAC.  Links to external websites may be inactive. Final data products from the LBA project can be found at the ORNL DAAC.
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Since 1999, LBA-ECO science teams have been training over 500 students and been involved in transferring of appropriate technological skills and capacity building in collaboration with graduate programs in Brazilian and South American institutions through a variety of initiatives. Grants have been awarded for Brazilian and South American students to pursue Masters and Doctoral degrees in US universities including participation in seminars, short courses, and international conferences. LBA-ECO has also provided infra-structure and financial support for a large number of scientific related activities for capability enhancement and dissemination of science in collaboration with the LBA Training and Education Committee, LBA Central Office and partner institutions.

Major contributions from LBA-ECO science teams in T & E:

Student Participation
Formal Training
Lectures, Short-courses and Seminars
T & E Sector in Santarém, Pará, Brazil
Community and Government Outreach
Educational Materials

Student Participation

LBA-ECO has been making major contributions in strengthening advanced education in Brazil by providing substantial grants for advanced students. According to the 2004 LBA Training and Education report, LBA-ECO has awarded 70% of the overall LBA Ph.D scholarships and 23% of the LBA Masters scholarships for Brazilian students.

Distribution of LBA PhD Students by Funding Agencies

 

Distribution of LBA Masters Students by Funding Agencies

Currently, LBA-ECO is continuing its focus on advanced training - Ph.D and post-doctoral - and to track Masters and state-of-the-art technical training, since a considerable number of Undergraduate students receive grants from CNPq.

Students Participating with LBA-ECO Investigations

Table below displays the number of students currently pursuing each degree.

Type of Degree

Total Number of Students

Citizenship:
Brasil

Citizenship:
US/Other

Undergraduate

61

56

5

Masters

51

39

12

Ph.D.

102

59

43

Technician

50

41

9

other

1

1

0

Technician

50

41

9

Unknown

36

24

12

TOTALS:

351

261

90


Students by Team and Degree

Student participation for LBA-ECO Investigations based on the current degree program in which each student is enrolled.

The following table represents the student participation for each of the LBA-ECO Investigations based on the current degree program in which each student is presently enrolled.

Investigation

Bachelors

Masters

Ph.D.

Technician

Unknown

Total

CD-01 (Denning / Dias)

1

0

2

1

0

4

CD-02 (Ehleringer / Martinelli)

1

2

2

1

0

6

CD-03 (Fitzjarrald / Moraes)

0

0

5

0

0

5

CD-04 (Goulden / Rocha)

1

3

5

0

0

9

CD-05 (Nepstad / Klink / Moutinho)

2

1

13

6

1

23

CD-06 (Richey / Victoria)

4

3

4

4

3

18

CD-08 (Trumbore / Camargo)

1

2

1

0

1

5

CD-10 (Wofsy / Kirchhoff / Camargo / A. Nobre)

5

0

1

2

2

10

CD-11 (Houghton / Alencar)

1

0

0

1

0

2

CD-12 (Vourlitis / Priante)

10

9

2

2

2

25

CD-14 (Wofsy / Dias)

0

0

3

0

1

4

CD-15 (Cohen / Costa)

2

0

1

1

2

6

CD-17 (Ducey / Alves)

0

0

1

0

1

2

CD-18 (Shuttleworth / Nobre)

0

0

1

0

0

1

CD-30 (Fitzjarrald / Morães / Acevedo / Cohen / M. Silva Dias / Manzi)

0

0

2

0

0

2

CD-31 (Miller, S. / da Rocha)

1

2

3

0

0

6

CD-32 (Saleska / da Rocha / Artaxo / Nobre / Shimabukuro)

0

1

0

0

0

1

CD-33 (Richey / Victoria)

0

1

2

1

1

5

CD-34 (Chambers / Higuchi / J. dos Santos / Camargo)

0

1

0

0

0

1

CD-35 (Wofsy / Camargo / Artaxo / M. Silva Dias)

1

0

1

0

1

3

CD-36 (Bastidas / Shuttleworth / Nobre)

0

0

2

0

0

2

CD-37 (Lefsky / ??)

0

0

0

0

0

0

CD-40 (Keller)

0

0

3

0

1

4

CD-41 (Palace)

0

0

2

0

2

4

LC-01 (Walsh / Bilsborrow / Manosalvas)

1

0

4

0

0

5

LC-02 (Brown / Silveira / Esteves)

4

3

6

5

3

21

LC-04 (Foley / Costa)

0

0

1

0

0

1

LC-05 (Laurance / Mesquita)

1

1

0

2

2

6

LC-07 (Melack / Novo / Forsberg)

0

3

3

3

0

9

LC-09 (Moran / Batistella)

0

0

7

3

1

11

LC-13 (Asner / Silva )

0

0

1

1

0

2

LC-14 (Nepstad / Moutinho)

1

3

7

4

1

16

LC-16 (Davidson / Klink)

0

0

3

1

0

4

LC-21 (Asner / Bustamante / Silva)

0

1

2

0

0

3

LC-22 (DeFries / Shimabukuro)

0

1

1

1

2

5

LC-23 (Morisette / Schroeder / Pereira)

0

0

1

1

0

2

LC-24 (Walker / Reis)

0

0

1

0

1

2

LC-30 (Walsh / Manosalvas)

0

1

2

0

0

3

LC-31 (Foley / Costa)

0

0

1

0

0

1

LC-32 (Melack / Novo)

0

1

1

0

0

2

LC-33 (Asner / Bustamante)

0

0

1

0

0

1

LC-34 (Moran / Batistella)

0

0

2

2

0

4

LC-35 (Csiszar / Longo / Setzer)

0

0

1

0

0

1

LC-36 (Walker / Reis)

0

0

1

0

1

2

LC-37 (Nepstad / Soares-Filho / Almeida)

0

0

3

1

0

4

LC-38 (Melillo / Cerri)

0

0

2

0

0

2

LC-39 (DeFries / Shimabukuro)

0

0

0

1

0

1

ND-01 (Roberts / Barreto / Soares)

1

0

4

1

0

6

ND-02 (Davidson / Stone / Markewitz / Carvalho / Sa / Vieira / Moutinho / Figueiredo)

4

4

3

5

2

18

ND-03 (Deegan / Victoria / Krusche / Ballester)

1

2

5

2

1

11

ND-07 (Zepp / Bustamante)

3

1

6

2

1

13

ND-11 (Lehmann / Passos / Couto)

2

2

2

1

1

8

ND-30 (Davidson / Carvalho / Figueiredo / Vieira)

2

1

1

1

0

5

ND-31 (Deegan / Victoria)

0

1

0

1

0

2

PC-30 (Avissar / Pedro Silva Dias)

0

0

1

0

0

1

TG-03 (Schafer / Artaxo / Duarte / Setzer)

3

0

2

0

0

5

TG-04 (Martens / Moraes / Victoria / Moreira )

0

0

0

1

1

2

TG-05 (Potter / Carvalho / Oliveira)

0

0

0

0

0

0

TG-06 (Tans / Miller / Artaxo / Gatti / Martinelli)

0

2

2

0

0

4

TG-07 (Keller / Oliveira)

4

0

3

7

1

15

TG-08 (Melillo / Cerri)

0

2

3

0

0

5

TG-10 (Yokelson / Artaxo)

0

0

0

1

0

1

TG-30 (Potter / Bustamante / Ferreira / Cosme de Oliveira)

0

0

1

0

3

4

TG-31 (Miller, J. / Gatti / M. Silva Dias)

0

0

0

0

0

0

TG-32 (Keller / Oliveira)

3

0

3

5

1

12


 

Formal Training

Students engaged in LBA-ECO science teams are trained in cutting edge technology and methodologies for data collections and analyses according to the objectives of each research team in four main scientific themes (out of seven LBA themes that comprise the whole LBA program): Carbon Dynamics; Land Cover and Land Use Change; Nutrient Dynamics and Surface Water Chemistry; and Trace Gas and Aerosol Fluxes.

Major Activities of Undergrad, Maters, and Ph.D. Students

Team
Year
Completed
Activity Description

CD-02  (Ehleringer / Martinelli)

2000  

  • Brazilian doctoral candidate at the University of Utah

    Tomás Domingues was admitted to the Graduate Program at the University of Utah in January 2000. His doctoral research focuses on Functional-response-curve gas exchange measurements and other key photosynthetic parameters needed for carbon-gain modelling conducted at field sites in Manaus and Santarém, Brazil.

  • A number of Brazilian undergraduate students received training in research methods and have participated in collecting research data on water potential, water vapor sampling, leaf isotopic analyses, and photosynthesisrespiration measurements in multiple field campaigns conducted in either Manaus or Santarém:
     
    • Diane Almeida
       
    • Marcelo Gama Guimarães
    • Darlisson Cavalcanti
    • Duarte da Costa
    • Jadson Dizencourt Dias
    • Rose Guimarães
    • José Henrique
    • Ricardo Higushi
    • Nara Oliveira
    • Sewbert Pereira
    • Ligia Cristina Toledo
  • At CENA-USP, Piracicaba, SP, two students received training on stable isotope ratio measurements on the isotope rationing mass spectrometer:
     
    • Hudson Silva
       
    • Edmar Mazzi
       

CD-03  (Fitzjarrald / Moraes)

2003  

  • FIT undergraduate student received training in data collection, methodologies and analyses

    Irene Cibelle Gonçalves Sampaio, an undergraduate student at Faculdades Integradas do Tapajós (FIT), received training in data collection, methodologies and analyses at the research site in Santarém, Pará. Her studies also focused on subcanopy radiation transects.

2004  

  • Julio Tóta da Silva
    Worked on the analysis of the results of the km67 ‘DRENO’ subcanopy array as part of his doctoral studies developed at the University of São Paulo (USP).
  • Matthew John Czikowsky
    Currently pursuing a Ph.D. under the supervision of Dr. David Fitzhjarrald at the State University of New York-Albany (SUNY). In 2004, Czikowsky worked with this team on data collection and analysis which will be part of his Ph.D. dissertation.
  • Luis Eduardo Medeiros
    Graduate student at the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM). He was awarded a Brazilian CAPES scholarship to develop doctoral studies at the State University of New York-Albany. His work involves analysis of LBA-ECO data, particularly the flux measurement data suite.
  • Daniele Santos Nogueira
    Undergraduate student at the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Belém, pursuing a Masters degree at the State University of New York-Albany. Her research focuses on mesoclimatological studies developed in LBA research sites.

CD-04  (Goulden / Rocha)

2004  

  • Michela Figueira initiated training under the supervision of this team as an undergraduate student at the Federal University of Pará, in Santarém. She was the team’s Santarém-based student and technician for three and a half years. Over this period, she was in charge of litter studies at the research site at the km 83 Logged Forest Tower Site in Santarém, Pará, and helped with several field campaigns and logistical support. In 2004, she was accepted to the M.S. program at CENA-USP, under the supervision of Dr. Jean Ometto.
  • Albert de Sousa, an undergraduate student at the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), in Santarém, received training in methodology and data collection. He was in charge of dendrometry measurements and has assisted in many measurement campaigns and logistical details over four years. After this training, he was able to take a position at IBAMA in Manaus, where he currently works as a technician.
  • Augusto Maia has worked as a technician for the CD-04 team providing assistance to many field studies over the last three years.

CD-05  (Nepstad / Klink / Moutinho)

2002  

  • This science team supported 10 Ph.D. students, 4 MS students, and 9 undergraduate students. All but 3 of these students are Brazilians; 70 percent are based at Amazonian institutions. Among the Ph.D. students directly supported by this grant are:
    • L. Chermont (London School of Economics) develops research on economic fire model;
    • S. Rivero (Universidade Federal do Pará/NAEA)develops reserch on agent-based model of selective logging;
    • G. Cardinot (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro) works on drought effects on canopy water relations;
    • O. Carvalho (currently applying to Ph.D. program) woks on the fire effects on forest biomass and game species;

    • L. Miranda (Universidade Federal do Pará/NAEA) develops research on the effect of fire prevention programs on farmer behavior;
    • L. M. Breyer works on eddy covariance analysis of fire effects on Cerrado carbon flux;
    • A. Santos (Universidade de Brasília)works on eddy co-variance and fire effects;
    • R. Oliveira (University of California-Berkeley) studies the drought effects on water use;
    • J. Benito Guerreiros (Universidade de Brasília)works on experimental fires.

CD-06  (Richey / Victoria)

2001  

  • This team has established cooperation with the Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA) and the Universidade Federal de Rondônia (UNIR) in Ji-Paraná, Rondônia, Brazil. Groups of students and professors from these universities are being trained in techniques of field sampling and analysis. This training provides students with necessary skills for acceptance in competitive programs.
    • Nei Kavaguichi Leite
      A former undergraduate student at UNIR is an example of this set up. After receiving training for a year, he was accepted at the Master program of CENA-USP. His research focuses on "Land use/cover changes in the Ji-Paraná basin and its effects on the river biogeochemistry". After completion of his Master program, he returned to UNIR to supervise the chemistry laboratory, granted to UNIR by this team.

    Other students and post-docs involved in research and training programs under the supervision of this science team:

    • Anthony Aufdenkampe
      Post-doc at the University of Washington, USA. He works on The Role of Sorptive Processes in the Organic Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles of the Amazon River Basin;
    • Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester
      Post-doc at CENA-USP working on LULC: From patterns to process: land use and land cover changes and its effects on the biogeochemistry of surface waters of tropical rivers in western Amazônia in Ji-Paraná, Rondônia;
    • Marcelo Bernandes
      Post-doc at CENA-USP working on Organic matter composition of rivers of the Ji-Paraná basin;
    • Marcos Alexandre Bolson
      Undergraduate student from the Federal University of Rondônia (UNIR), currently pursuing a Masters degree focusing on Carbon dynamics in two rivers of Rondônia with different land use/cover;
    • Nilton Bonele
      Ph.D. student from ULBRA, in Ji-Paraná working on The biogeochemistry of the Urupá River in Rondônia, Brazil;
    • Sérgio Cândido de Gouveia Neto
      Undergraduate student at UNIR working on the Temporal variability of the water quality of two rivers of Rondônia with different land use/cover;
    • Lais Hanada
      Masters student at the "Ecologia de Agroecossitemas" program at CENA-USP studying Land use and land cover changes at the agricultural frontier in western Amazônia, the Ji-Paraná River Basin, Rondônia;
    • Gelson de Macedo
      Ph.D. student at ULBRA in Ji-Paraná, Rondônia studying theBiogeochemical effects of land use/cover changes at the interface land-water in the Urupá river, Ji-Paraná, Rondônia; RO;
    • Sonya Remington
      Masters student at the University of Washington, USA studying Carbon transport through the Ji-Paraná River system, using the VIC hydrology model;
    • André Marcondes Toledo
      Ph.D. candidate at CENA-USP, working on the Environmental diagnosis of the Ji-Paraná river basin, in Rondônia;
    • Daniel de Castro Victoria
      Undergraduate student at the Agronomy program at CENA-USP. He developed his TCC (Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso) titledUsing GIS and the Thornthwaite hydric balance to estimate the potential evapotranspiration in the Ji- Paraná river basin (RO).

CD-08  (Trumbore / Camargo)

2001  

  • Bianca Felix
    CNPq/LBA/RHAE grantee and a technician at INPA. She has worked on chemical analyses of soil.
  • Patrícia da Silva Gomes
    Undergraduate student at INPA. She was granted a CNPq/PIBIC/Inpa scholarship to study Densidade de madeira e taxas de crescimento nas parcelas permanentes da reserva florestal ZF-2.

    The study focused on the relationship between wood density and tree growth rates for 60 species on permanent inventory plots at the Biological Dynamics of Forests Fragments Project of the Smithsonian Institution. Gomes found a negative relationship between average wood density and growth rates for these species.

  • Elder Campos
    UFPA-Santarém undergraduate student. He was granted a CNPq/LBA/RHAE scholarship to work on the growth band measurements and its relation to seasonal climate.
  • Kleber Portilho
    UFPA undergraduate student in Santarém and a CNPq/LBA/RHAE grantee. He worked on litter composition and C/N content at the LBA research site located on the Santarém-Cuiabá (km 69) Road, under the supervision of Dr. Jeffrey Chambers (University of California-Irvine/Inpa).
  • Erika Viera de Miranda
    Masters student at INPA and a CNPq/LBA grantee. She worked under the supervision of Dr. Jeff Chambers (University of California-Irvine/Inpa, on the daily changes on stem diameter using high precision linear gauge sensors.

    The study verified the relation of these changes to daily variability in photosynthetically active radiation, volumetric stem water content, and leaf water potential.

  • Ligia Cristina Toledo
    Masters student at INPA and a CNPq/LBA grantee working under the supervision of Dr. Jeffrey Chambers(UC-Irvine/Inpa). Her studies focuses on how respiration from coarse and fine litter responds to seasonal changes in precipitation. This project also includes quantifying daily changes in litter moisture content.
  • Liliane Martins Teixeira
    Masters student at INPA and a NASA/CNPq grantee. She worked under the supervision of Dr. Jeffrey Chambers (University of California-Irvine/Inpa).

    This study focused on how woody tissue respiration has responded to varying logging intensity at the biomass and nutrient experiment (BIONTE) permanent plots. It will also quantify how carbon balance differs for low, medium, and high intensity logging treatments.

2003  

  • Enir Salazar da Costa
    Worked on C dynamics of leaves and roots in primary tropical forest and the role of these as sources of soil respiration. She also focused on how land management changes cycling of C and N near Santarém.
  • Simone Aparecida Vieira
    Ph.D. student funded by FAPESP. She worked on the comparison of tree growth rates and forest age structure in Acre, Manaus and Santarém using permanent plot, dendrometer, and radiocarbon analyses.
  • Roseana Pereira da Silva
    Masters student funded by CNPq at INPA working on Padrões de crescimento de árvores que ocorrem em diferentes toposseqüências na região de Manaus. The study focuses on monthly changes in tree grow rates using dendrometer bands for trees in three size classes equally distributed among plateau, slope, and valley forests.

2005  

  • Edgard Tribuzy was admitted to the CENA-USP Doctorate program and passed the qualifying examination.

LC-01  (Walsh / Bilsborrow / Manosalvas)

2001  

  • Training in Image Processing and Field Collection

    A recent graduate of the Department of Geography at the University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, Courtney Hart, was hired from September 2000 to September 2001 by the Carolina Population Center at UNC to work on the Ecuador project while stationed at Ecociencia in Quito, Ecuador.

    In addition to providing coordination support, Hart provided technical support on image processing and field data collection and continuing training to the Ecociencia staff, as well as to the larger community of spatial specialists in Quito via a one-week workshop held at Ecociencia.

2002  

  • Training in techniques of data collection

    Seventeen Ecuadorians were recruited and trained for two weeks in Quito in techniques of data collection via household and community-level surveys, which included an introduction to project goals, Amazonian development in Ecuador, sources and quality of demographic and socio-economic data, and agricultural crops and cattle raising in the Amazon.

LC-04  (Foley / Costa)

2004  

  • Aquatic-terrestrial carbon cycling

    Erika Akiko Howard is engaged in doctoral studies focusing on aquatic-terrestrial carbon studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. She works under the supervision of Drs. Jon Foley (University of Wisconsin-Madison), Marcos Costa (Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil), and Michael Coe (Woods Hole Research Center).

LC-05  (Laurance / Mesquita)

2004  

    Brazilian postdoctoral fellows, graduate students, or interns received training in 2004 under the supervision of this science team:
  • Henrique Nascimento
    Post-doctoral fellow. He completed a two-year postdoctoral fellowship under the supervision of Dr William Laurance. His research focused on the Assessment of edge-and fragmentation-related changes in tree communities in central Amazonia.
  • José Camargo
    He studies edge- and fragmentation-related changes in tree communities in central Amazonia, under the supervision of Dr William Laurance.
  • Eduardo Venticinque and Marina Fonseca
    They have co-supervised the GIS/remote sensing laboratory at the BDFFP in Manaus, under the supervision of Rita Mesquita.
  • Carlos Ritti
    He completed his Ph.D. on The effects of selective logging on forest carbon storage near Itacoatiara in the central Amazon under the supervision of Dr. William Laurance. This study assessed biomass losses in forests subjected to reduced-impact logging.
  • Juliana Stropp Carneiro
    Masters student at Inpa working under the supervision of Dr. Eduardo Venticinque. She has been mapping the distribution of canopy trees using GIS and high-resolution remote sensing imagery (Quickbird)at the Madeira Mil site in Itacoatiara, Amazonas.
  • Felipe de Araújo Sobrinho
    Intern supervised by Marcelo Moreira. He has been studying the distribution of canopy gaps in primary forests in central Amazonia, using Quickbird imagery.
  • Taise Farias Pinheiro
    Intern at Inpa. She works under the supervision of Dr. Marina Fonseca using Quickbird imagery to assess the relationship between the number and biomass of trees encountered in field studies of the BDFFP’s permanent plot network and the number and biomass of trees detected by satellite imagery.
  • Fernando Gomes Ferreira
    He created a spectral library for selected tree species using Quickbird imagery.
  • Marina Antongiovanni
    She coordinated the GIS/remote sensing laboratory at the BDFFP in Manaus, under the supervision of Dr Regina Luizão.

  • LC-07  (Melack / Novo / Forsberg)

    2003  

    • Training activities provided by this group focused on graduate student and technician training. Two Ph.D., two M.Sc. and one undergraduate student are associated with this project at Inpa. One Ph.D., three M.Sc., two post-docs, two undergraduates and one technician are associated with this project at Inpe.

    2004  

    • Two Ph.D., two M.Sc. and one undergraduate students are associated with the LC-07 project at INPA. One Ph.D., three M.Sc., two postdocs, two undergraduates and one technician are associated with our LC-07 at INPE. One undergraduate student is associated with LC-07 at the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), in Santarém.

    LC-13  (Asner / Silva )

    2003  

    • Brazilian students were trained on forestry studies, inventories, carbon and remote sensing measurements in the field.

    LC-21  (Asner / Bustamante / Silva)

    2003  

    • Everaldo Telles
      Post-doc at the University of Brasilia (UnB). His research focuses on soil carbon and nutrient dynamics under different uses in sites of selective logging at FLONA Tapajós.
    • Lydia Olander
      Post-doc at the University of Brasilia. She worked with Telles on nutrient losses from canopies following logging. Results are being crossed with remotely sensed variables.
    • Zayra Prado
      Masters student in Chemistry at the University of Brasília. Her thesis focuses on the P fractionation of soil samples collected under different uses in sites of selective logging at the FLONA Tapajós.
    • Other students who received training:

      • Danielle Mathias (Geography)
      • Guilherme Santa Cruz (Agronomy)
      • Tatiana Brisolla (Biology)
      • Joe Buckley (Remote Sensing/GIS)

    LC-23  (Morisette / Schroeder / Pereira)

    2003  

    • Supervision of intern at NASA/Goddard

      Dr. Jeff Morisette mentored Heater Bain, a UNH/GSFC “Research and Discovery” program participant, during the summer 2003. Previous work of this student with Dr. George Hurtt linked census data with AVHRR-based land cover (c. 1992). Now, under the supervision of Dr. Morisette, Heater Bain extended her previous work to include MODIS land cover.

    ND-02  (Davidson / Stone / Markewitz / Carvalho / Sa / Vieira / Moutinho / Figueiredo)

    2001  

      The US Principal Investigator, Dr. Davidson, participated in Ph.D. qualifying exams of the following Brazilian students:
    • Alexandre de Siqueira Pinto, who defended his doctoral dissertation titled Impacts of Land Use Change on Nutrient Cycles and Trace Gase Exchange in Soils of Savannas. He worked under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante at the University of Brasilia.
    • Roberto Engel Aduan, who defended his doctoral dissertation titled Respiração de Solos e Ciclagem de Carbono em Cerrado Nativo e Pastagem no Brasil Central. He worked under the supervision of Dr. Carlos Klink at the University of Brasilia.

    2003  

    • Functional specialization of trees in fertilized secondary vegetation on degraded pastures in Paragominas, Pará, Brazil

      Project developed by by Ilyas Siddique, University of Queensland, Australia, as part of a NASA Planetary Biology Internship Research, under the supervision of Drs. Davidson, Carvalho, Vieira and Figueiredo.

    • "The effects of phosphorus fertilization on biomass accumulation in a tropical secondary forest, Paragominas, Pará"

      Project developed by John Schott (Skidmore College, Department of Environmental Science and Economics) at the School for International Training, under the supervision of Dr. Daniel Markewitz, University of Georgia, USA.

      Students who received training under the supervision of Drs. Ricardo Figueiredo (UFPA) and Eric Davidson (WHRC):
    • Renata Tuma Sabá, was granted a CNPq/LBA RHAE DTI scholarship to study A Emissão de Gases-Traços (CO2, N2O, NO, CH4)em Áreas de Capoeira no Pará: relações com o grau de degradação e idade das capoeiras;
    • Karielk de Assunção Souza, an undergraduate student at Faculdades Integradas do Tapajós (FIT) in Santarém, Pará, Brazil, was granted an ITI scholarship as part of the CNPq/LBA RHAE program to study Biogeoquímica do fósforo em floresta tropical úmida: avaliação das alterações das concentrações de orto-fosfato em amostras de chuva, throughfall e soluções de solo na coleta e estocagem;

      Students who received training under the supervision of Dr. Ima Vieira (MPEG):
    • Eliane Constantinov Leal, a Masters student at UFPA - Núcleo de Agriculturas Familiares and a CNPq/LBA-RHAE ITI grantee;
    • Mário Rosa Santos Júnior, an undergraduate student and a CNPq/LBA RHAE ITI grantee;
    • Ivan da Costa Lobato Júnior, an undergraduate student and a CNPq/LBA RHAE ITI grantee;
    • Nicola Saverio Holanda Tancredi, an undergraduate student and a CNPq/LBA-Milênio ITI grantee;
    • Tenilson Monteiro de Figueiredo, an undergraduate student and a CNPq/LBA RHAE ITI grantee.

    ND-07  (Zepp / Bustamante)

    2002  

    • Alexandre de Siqueira Pinto (UnB) and Renato Varella (UnB) received training in Trace gas measurements under the supervision of Dr. Eric Davidson in Belém, Brazil;
    • Field Campaign I: Students associated with this team received training on Nutrient and Carbon Dynamics, Trace Gas Exchange in Soils of Central Brazilian Cerrado.

    2003  

    • Zayra Prado, an undergraduate student in Chemistry and a CNPq fellow in the CNPq/Universidade de Brasília (UnB) PIBIC program, received training during the 1st semester of 2003;
    • Arminda Carvalho, a Ph. D student at the Graduate Ecology Program of the Universidade de Brasília and researcher of Embrapa-Cerrados, has been working on the Decomposição e fornecimento de nutrientes em sistemas com e sem incorporação de resíduos under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante;
    • Maria Regina Sartori S. Silva and Joana Dias Bresolin, both at the Universidade de Brasília UnB), worked on genetic techniques for determination of microbial community structure. Training was provided at Prof. Alexandre Rosado's lab at the Microbiology Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).
    • Lucília Parron Vargas, a Ph.D student at the Ecology Graduate Program of the Universidade de Brasília and a researcher at Embrapa-Cerrados, conducts research on the Biogeochemical cycling in the Pitoco gallery forest under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante;
    • Laura T. Viana, a Masters student and a CNPq/LBA RHAE program grantee, conducts study on Comparação da Dinâmica de Ciclagem de Nitrogênio e Biomassa Microbiana do Solo em Áreas Agrícolas submetidas a diferentes sistemas de plantio, na região do Brasil central (cerrado) under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante;
    • Maria Regina Sartori da Silva, a Masters student in the Universidade de Brasilia Ecology Graduate Program, works on the Análise da Diversidade Microbiana de Solos de Cerrado pela Técnica de DGGE under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante.
    • Cesar Coelho and Daniele Mathias, both undergraduate students in Agronomy and Geography, respectively, develop research under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante.

    2004  

    • Joana Bresolin started her Master in Ecology at the University of Brasília in March 2004 under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamente. Her research focuses on soil microbial communities.
    • Katia S. Perez, a CNPq/LBA DTI grantee, develops research on Soil Trace Gas Fluxes from Agricultural Fields.
    • Ester Alves de Faria de Albuquerque, an undergraduate student in Biology and a CNPq-UnB grantee, works on Watershed Functioning in Different Land Uses.
    • César Luiz Coelho Prado, an undergraduate student in Agronomy at the University of Brasilia, studies the Watershed Functioning under Different Land Uses, funded by the ND-07 research group, under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante.
    • Cristiane Rocha, an undergraduate student in Biology and a CNPq-LBA ITI grantee, works on Soil Microbial Communities, under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante.
    • Erika B. Fernandes conducts research on Soil Trace Gas Fluxes from Agricultural Fields as part of her Ph.D. program in Ecology at the University of Brasília, under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante.
    • José Salomão Oliveira Silva develops studies on Watershed Functioning under Different Land Uses, as part of his Ph.D. in Ecology at the University of Brasília, under the supervision of Dr. Mundayatan Haridasan.

    TG-04  (Martens / Moraes / Victoria / Moreira )

    2003  

    • Two Brazilian students were added to this team in 2003:
      • Risonaldo Leal Lima completed undergraduate studies in Biology at Faculdades Integradas do Tapajós (FIT) in Santarém, PA and has acted as a field team leader, replacing José Mauro Sousa, who initiated graduate studies at CENA-USP;
      • Irene Cibelle Gonçalves Sampaio, who initiated scientic research under the supervision of this team in Santarém, as part of her undergraduate studies.

     

    Masters theses and doctoral dissertations

    Team
    Year
    Completed
    Activity Description

    CD-01  (Denning / Dias)

    2004  

    • The parameterization of seasonal drought stress in Amazon forests and its influence on the regional hydrologic cycle

      Masters thesis defended by Jun Liu at the University of São Paulo (USP).

    CD-06  (Richey / Victoria)

    2001  

    • Occupation and land use in the Ji-Paraná River basin (Rondônia): socio-economic and agricultural survey

      Undergraduate dissertation (TCC) developed by Renata Marcondes under the supervision of this science team at CENA-USP to meet the undergraduate requirements in Economics at CENA-USP.

    CD-08  (Trumbore / Camargo)

    2001  

    • Carbon and nitrogen stocks and isotopic signature in soils from Santarém and Manaus with focus on spatial variability, topography, and C dynamics in soils of different texture

      Doctoral dissertation in progress at CENA-USP by Everaldo de Carvalho Conceição, a FAPESP grantee. The dissertation is expected to be completed in April 2002.

    2002  

    • Studies of growth rates of several species using dendrometry bands

      This Masters thesis focuses on monthly changes in tree growth rates using dendrometer bands for trees in three size classes equally distributed among plateau, slope, and valley forests. The study has been conducted by Roseana Pereira da Silva, a CNPq/LBA/RHAE grantee working at Inpa under the supervision of Dr. Jeff Chambers. The student is a CNPq/LBA/RHAE grantee.

    • Dinâmica do carbono no solo influenciada pela textura, drenagem, mineralogia e carvões em florestas primárias na região centro-oriental da Amazônia

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Everaldo de Carvalho Conceição Telles at CENA-USP, Piracicaba, Brazil, under the supervision of Dr. Luiz Antonio Martinelli.

    2003  

    • Mudanças globais e taxa de crecimento arbóreo na Amazônia

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Simone A. Vieira at CENA-USP, Brazil.

    2004  

    • Avaliação do estoque e composição isotópica do carbono do solo no Acre

      Masters Thesis completed by Antonio Willian Flores de Melo at CENA-USP, Brazil.

    • Efeito da umidade na respiração de serrapilheira grossa e fina em uma floresta tropical de terra-firme da Amazônia Central

      Masters Thesis completed by Lígia Cristina Toledo, under the supervision of Dr. Jeffrey Chambers (University of California-Irvine/Inpa), at Inpa, Manaus, Brazil.

    2005  

    • Longevidade e crescimento de árvores tropicais: subsídios para o manejo florestal

      Diogo Selhorst, a SETEM student at the Federal University of Acre, completed this Masters thesis at CENA-USP in May 2005. He worked under the supervision of Dr. Marcos Silveira (UFAC) and co-supervision of Drs. Simone Vieira and Plinio Camargo (CENA-USP).

    LC-01  (Walsh / Bilsborrow / Manosalvas)

    2000  

    • Analisis de los Impactos del Proyecto Agroforestal PROFORS sobre Uso de Tierra en la Provincia de Sucumbios

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Bolier Torres at the Universidad Tecnica Estatal de Quevedo, in Ecuador.

      Torres was trained on data collection by this team. Dr. Richard Bilsborrow was a member of the dissertation committee.

    2001  

    • Diagnostico Agroeconomico de los Cultivos de Café (Coffea canephora) y Cacao (Theobroma cacao) en la Provincia de Sucumbios

      Doctoral dissertation defended by Luis Alonso Vallejo at the Universidad Tecnica Estatal de Quevedo, in Ecuador.

      Vallejo received training on data collection by this research team. Dr. Bilsborrow was a member of the dissertation committee.

    2005  

    • People, Land, and Context: Multi-scale Dimensions of Population Mobility in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Alisson Barbieri, a Brazilian CAPES grantee, at the City and Regional Department Graduate Program of the University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, USA.

    LC-02  (Brown / Silveira / Esteves)

    2003  

    • The following students finished their Master thesis:
      • Eufran do Amaral, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV)
      • Sumaia Vasconcelos, National Institute of Amazonian Research (Inpa)
    • Three students associated with LBA-Acre have begun their Masters´ degree at the Federal University of Acre (UFAC):
      • Diogo Selhorst who works on "age-dating of timber species"
      • Monica De Los Rios who works on the "evolution of land use in the Upper Acre River Basin"
      • Rodrigo Serrano who works on the "regeneration of a keystone tree specie (Bertholettia excelsa)"

    2004  

    • Land-use in Extractive Reserves

      Doctoral research in progress by Christiane Ehringhaus from Yale University.

    • Opportunities and constraints of the extractivist communities in rapidly changing socio-economic context in Southwestern Amazonia

      This research is being conducted by Valério Gomes at the University of Florida. Gomes is a Brazilian researcher at SETEM-UFAC.

    • Land Use and Land Cover Change in Inhapari, Peru and Assis Brazil, in Southwest Amazonia

      Masters thesis completed by Angelica Almeyda at the University of Florida, under the supervision of Dr. Marianne Schmink.

    • The distribution of canopy trees using GIS and high-resolution remote sensing imagery (Quickbird) at the Madereira Mil site in Itacoatiara

      Masters thesis completed by Juliana Stropp Carneiro, at INPA, under the supervision of Dr Eduardo Venticinque.

    LC-05  (Laurance / Mesquita)

    2004  

    • The effects of selective logging on forest carbon storage near Itacoatiara in the central Amazon

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Carlos Ritti under the supervision of Dr. William Laurance. This study assessed biomass losses in forests subjected to reduced-impact logging.

    LC-09  (Moran / Batistella)

    1999  

    • Protecting an urban forest reserve in the Amazon: A multi-scale analysis of edge effects, population pressure, and institutions

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Maria Clara da Silva Forsberg at the School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, USA.

    2000  

    • Fishing Accords: The Political Ecology of Fishing Intensification in the Amazon

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Fábio de Castro at the School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, USA.

    • Collective Action and Assurance of Property Rights to Natural Resources: A Case Study from the Lower Amazon Region, Santarem, Brazil

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Celia Futemma at the School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, USA.

    • Estimation of Forest Stand Parameters and Application in Classification and Change Detection of Forest Cover Types in the Brazilian Amazon Basin
    • Doctoral dissertation completed by Dengsheng Lu at the Department of Geography of the Indiana State University, USA.

    2001  

    • Landscape Change and Land-Use/Land-Cover Dynamics in Rondônia, Brazilian Amazon

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Mateus Batistella at the School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, USA.

    • Forest Structure and Biomass Estimates Derived from Red Edge and Water Absorption Geometry using Aviris Data

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Nelson Dias at the Geography Department of the Indiana State University, USA.

    2002  

    • Identification of Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Secondary Succession Changes in Altamira, Brazil: Integrating Remote Sensing and GIS Technology

      Doctoral dissertation completed at the Department of Geography of the Indiana State University, USA.

    2004  

    • O Papel dos Regimes de Propriedade na Ocorrência de Fogos Acidentais na Região Amazônica: Estudos de Caso da Região de Santarém

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Maria Angélica Toniolo at the University of Indiana, under the supervision of Dr. Eduardo Brondizio and Elinor Ostrom. Her Ph.D. studies were funded by CNPq, NSF, WWF, CIPEC/ACT, IAF, and SPEA.

    LC-22  (DeFries / Shimabukuro)

    2004  

    • Physical Landscape Correlates of the Expansion of Mechanized Agriculture in Mato Grosso, Brazil.

      Masters project completed by Ellen Jasinski under the supervision of Dr. Ruth DeFries, professor in the Department of Geography, at the University of Maryland, College Park.

    ND-01  (Roberts / Barreto / Soares)

    2003  

    • Impacts of regional deforestation on stream biogeochemistry in the Brazilian Amazon Basin

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Trent W. Biggs at the University of California-Santa Barbara, USA.

    • Regional Effects of Deforestation on Soil Biogeochemistry in the Southwestern Amazon

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Karen W. Holmes at the University of California-Santa Barbara.

    ND-02  (Davidson / Stone / Markewitz / Carvalho / Sa / Vieira / Moutinho / Figueiredo)

    2003  

    • Respiração do solo sob florestas e pastagens na Amazônia Sul-Ecodental, Acre

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Cleber Ibraim Salimon at the CENA-USP, under the of Dr. Reynaldo Victoria and co-supervision of Dr. Eric Davidson (WHRC).

    2004  

    • Biomassa, distribuição, dinâmica e produtividade de raízes em ecossistemas nativos e em uma pastagem plantada no Cerrado do Brasil Central

      Masters thesis completed by Patricia Rodin (UnB) under the supervision of Dr. Carlos Klink.

    • Recursos vegetais acumuladores de FÓSFORO

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Patrícia Chaves de Oliveira (Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia)under the supervision of Dr. Cláudio Carvalho (EMBRAPA - Amazônia Oriental).

    • Estudo do fluxo de metano em cupinzeiros epígeos em sistemas agroflorestais, floresta primária e pastagens na Amazonia Ocidental

      Masters thesis completed by Juliete Maria Tomé de Queiroz at Inpa, under the supervision of Dr. Flávio Luizão.

    ND-03  (Deegan / Victoria / Krusche / Ballester)

    2004  

    • Carbono orgânico dissolvido na solução do solo sob floresta e pastagem em Rondônia

      Masters thesis completed by Marcello Elias Cassiolato under the supervision of the ND-03 investigators at CENA-USP with assistance of Christopher Neil (The Ecosystems Center at Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, USA).

    • Change in of carbon dinamic as function of land use change, in two small catchments at Fazenda Nova Vida-Rondonia

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Luiz Fernando Charbel at CENA-USP, under the supervision of Dr. Alex Krusche and co-supervision of Dr. Linda Deegan at the Marine Biological Laboratory, The Ecosystems Center, USA.

    • Balanço de nitrogênio em microbacias pareadas (floresta Vs pastagem) no estado de Rondônia, Brasil

      Adriana Lucia Castellanos Bonilla did fieldwork and laboratory analysis for her Masters thesis at CENA under the supervision of Dr. Alex Krusche (CENA-USP). The thesis defense is scheduled for March 2005.

    • Balanço de Carbono Orgânico Dissolvido em microbacias pareadas (floresta x pastagem) no Estado de Rondônia

      Doctoral dissertation in progress at CENA-USP by Sergio Candido Gouveia Neto under the supervision of Dr. Alex W. Krusche.

    ND-07  (Zepp / Bustamante)

    2003  

    • Impacts of Land Use Change on Nutrient and Carbon Cycles and Trace Gas Exchange in Soils of Savannas

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Alexandre de Siqueira Pinto at the Department of Ecology of the University of Brasília (UnB), under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante.

    2004  

    • Biogeochemical cycling in the Pitoco gallery forest

      Doctoral dissertation completed by Lucillia Parron (UnB) under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante, at the University of Brasilia, DF, Brazil.

    • Produção de serapilheira, biomassa e diversidade de comunidades bacterianas do solo em áreas de cerrado sob diferentes usos e manejos

      Masters thesis completed by Maria Regina Silveira Sartori da Silva at the University of Brasília (UnB), under the supervision of Dr. Mercedes Bustamante.

     

    On-Site Training of South American Participants

    Team
    Year
    Completed
    Activity Description

    CD-01  (Denning / Dias)

    2002  

    • Upper air measurements

      US and Brazilian investigators offered training to Brazilian students and technicians on upper air measurements with balloons and on the radiosonde receiving station to track sondes launched in balloons every three hours for gas measurements.

    CD-03  (Fitzjarrald / Moraes)

    2002  

    • Data downloading, Collecting and Storing data

      Short courses including hands-on activities were provided to students in Belterra and to the LBA Project Staff in Santarém, Pará, Brazil.

    • Field activities

      Students received training in operating and checking instruments installed in the field, and upgrading data logging devices.

    CD-09  (Rastetter / Shimabukuro)

    2002  

    • Soil Measurement

      Luiz Aragão, a Ph.D. student at INPE under the supervision of Dr. Yosio Edemir Shimabukuro, received training in a set of soil measurement techniques.

    LC-06  (Huete / Shimabukuro)

    2002  

    • Training on field measurements (fAPAR, LAI, %Cover, radiometry)

      During the fieldwork at the Brasilia National Park and Araguaia National Park, the doctoral students Ana Paula Ferreira (Universidade de Brasília) and Humberto Barbosa (Terrestrial Biophysics and Remote Sensing Lab) received training on field measurements.

    LC-13  (Asner / Silva )

    2002  

    • Technology exchange between U.S. and Brazilian project investigators

      Data, experiences and results were exchanged on Forestry and remote sensing methodologies

    PC-06  (Betts / Maria Silva Dias / Pedro Silva Dias)

    2002  

    • Training at CTA

      A Graduate student under the supervision of this team received training at the Centro Técnico de Aeronáutica (CTA).

    PC-09  (Vicente / Costa)

    2002  

    • Training and support of two Brazilian undergraduate students at Universidade de Viçosa.

    SH-02  (Dunne / Martinelli)

    2002  

    • American and Brazilian students and postdoctoral fellows to be involved in research both in Brazil and at the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB).

    TG-02  (Guenther / Gatti)

    2002  

    • In April, 2001, Williams Martins, a student at UFPA (Santarém) was hired as part of the LBA bolsa program. He assisted this team in the April and June 2001 field campaigns, receiving extensive training atmospheric issues and field data collection techniques.

    TG-03  (Schafer / Artaxo / Duarte / Setzer)

    2002  

    • Aline Procopio, student of Paulo Artaxo, is acting liaison for site activity coordination.
    • Aline Sarmento, a PhD student with a FAPESP scholarship under the guidance of Paulo Artaxo, is working directly with the sun-photometer network and radiances measurements in order to assess direct and indirect radiative forcing effects. She is also working with MODIS data, in addition to models for radiative transfer.
    • Marcia Yamasoe - Postdoc GEPA - Instituto de Física at University of São Paulo: TG-03 provided partial support for this position . Marcia Yamasoe has defended her PhD Thesis mostly with data collected by this project. Her PhD Thesis at the University of São Paulo analyzed the time series of the aerosol optical thickness for the several sites supported by this grant. She modeled the radiative effect using the SBDART model, with the help of NASA Goddard scientists.
    • Rosivaldo Lelis da Silva and Fabricio Berton Zanchi (Ji Paraná, University of Rondonia) have been accepted as Masters candidates in association with USP. Rosivaldo and Fabricio are seeking scholarships at USP and INPE. They have worked with the data obtained in Rondonia, and were well trained in radiation measurements and techniques.

    TG-04  (Martens / Moraes / Victoria / Moreira )

    2002  

    • A new Brazilian student, Risonaldo Leal Lima, was recruited. He is a 3rd year student in Biology at FIT.

    TG-05  (Potter / Carvalho / Oliveira)

    2002  

    • Artaxo's two students, Aline Sarmento Procópio and Luciana Varanda Rizzo have been involved in all aspects of the project in Brazil, including setting up the equipment in the aircraft, debugging equipment problems, communication with the airplane pilots, and logistics. Mike Hahn (NOAA/CMDL) visited them in Brazil for training.
    • TG-05 supports two student stipends under the direction of Prof. Carlos Alberto Schenato at the Lutheran University of Brazil (ULBRA) in Santarém and Raimundo Cosme (EMBRAPA - Amazônia Oriental) for development of surface hydrologic and biogeochemical transport studies in watersheds of Rio Moju, Curua-Una, Rio Tatui, and Rio Curua do Sul.

     

    Training of South American Participants in U.S. 

    Team
    Year
    Completed
    Activity Description

    CD-02  (Ehleringer / Martinelli)

    2002  

    • There has been a strong interaction between the isotope ratio labs at CENA and the University of Utah. Standards and technological capabilities have been exchanged between CENA, SIRFER, and Carnegie labs.

      Training opportunities are open to students and technicians involved in LBA's stable isotope studies. As a result of these efforts, this team supported the participation of several Brazilian students in the Annual International Stable Isotope Ecology Course, a highly competitive two-week course offered yearly at the University of Utah in collaboration with fourteen faculties from around the USA.

      Students received training on different lab components in stable isotopes and their ecological applications.

      LBA graduate student participants included:

      • Alessandro Araújo
      • Enir Costa
      • Tomas Domingues
      • Diana Garcia-Montiel
      • Jean Ometto
      • Rafael Oliveira
    • Dr. Jean Pierre Ometto (CENA-USP) continued a postdoctoral program at the University of Utah, working closely with Drs. Luiz Martinelli and Reynaldo Victoria at CENA which ensures a strong collaboration between U.S. and Brazilian counterparts.

    2003  

    • Dr. Jean Pierre Ometto (CENA-USP) continue developing his postdoctoral research on stable isotope analyses at Utah (USA) and CENA-USP.
    • The Brazilian student at CENA-USP, Françoise Yoko Ishida, attended lectures and laboratory short courses as part of the "2003 Stable Isotope Ecology Course held at the University of Utah, USA.

    2004  

    • Gabriela Nardoto (CENA-USP) attended the 2004 Stable Isotope Ecology Course at the University of Utah. This brought to 8 the number of Brazilian students supported by this team for training in exchange programs in the US.

    CD-03  (Fitzjarrald / Moraes)

    2003  

    Training at the State University of New York-Albany

    • Brazilian Graduate student, Rodrigo da Silva completed his Ph.D. dissertation at the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), focusing on instrumentation. Over the last three years, he twice spent 6-month periods in residence at the State University of New York - Albany (SUNY) working with other CD-03 researchers to develop a tethered balloon-borne CO2 sounding system.

    LC-01  (Walsh / Bilsborrow / Manosalvas)

    2001  

    • Ecuadorian researcher visits UNC-Chapel Hill

      Carlos Mena, a project participant working for EcoCiencia, and now a graduate student at the University of South Florida, visited the UNC campus for two weeks in December, 2001 to partly prepare an application to UNC-Chapel Hill for a doctoral program in geography and/or ecology with a format connection to the Carolina Population Center as a pre-doctoral trainee.

    2002  

    • The Ecociencia scientist, Francis Baquero, received training at the University of North Carolina for four months.
    • Through a grant of the Fogarty Foundation to the UNC Carolina Population Center, funds were awarded to Bilsborrow and Walsh to bring Francis Baquero from Ecociencia to the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill for 4 month period training beginning in the Spring of 2002. Having been involved in the field data collection and introductory data processing and analysis through the UNC on-site training by Hart, Baquero received additional advanced training in remote sensing at UNC and continued to collaborate in the data analysis. His time at UNC allowed him to interact with the PIs, the full project team, and the Spatial Analysis Unit of CPC to gain experience, as well as with the Landscape Characterization & Spatial Analysis Lab in the Department of Geography. Following this advanced training, he returned to Ecuador where he participated throughout the remainder of the year in data analysis and interpretation.

    2003  

    • Dr. Baquero, from Ecociencia in Quito, Ecuador, received training at the Spatial Analysis Lab of the Carolina Population Center at UNC in image processing and GIS activities.
    • Through grants awarded by the Fogarty Foundation two Ecuadorian collaborators - Francis Baquero and Bolier Torres - received a 6-month training on remote sensing, GIS, ecological analysis, and demographic survey techniques at the Carolina Population Center and at the Department of Geography of the University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill.
    • Two Ecuadorian collaborators - Francis Baquero and Bolier Torres - participated in a graduate-level seminar in Geography taught by Professor Stephen J. Walsh on population-environment interactions with emphasis on land cover/land use dynamics and modeling approaches.

    2004  

    • Training was provided to Mr. Bolier Torres, from the Ministry of the Environment, Quito, Ecuador. The training was held at the University of North Carolina Population Center and it focused on questionnaire survey design and data linking for tracking the interactions between people, place, and the environment.

    LC-09  (Moran / Batistella)

    2002  

    • Maria Angélica Toniolo is a Brazilian CNPq granteee engaged in doctoral studies at the University of Indiana, under the supervision of Dr. Educardo Brondizio.

      Her studies concerns "O Papel dos Regimes de Propriedade na Ocorrência de Fogos Acidentais na Região Amazônica: Estudos de Caso da Região de Santarém"

    • Thomas Ludewigs is a Brazilian CNPq grantee engaged in doctoral studies at the University of Indiana.

      His research concentrates on the "Persistance of Settlers in a Government-Sponsored Colonization Project in the Western Amazon"

    ND-08  (McNabb / Costa)

    2002  

    • Three MS candidates from Faculdades de Ciências Agrárias do Pará spent three months at Auburn University to use the library, analyze data, and otherwise prepare their thesis.

    PC-03  (Xue / Chou)

    2002  

    • Training of a Brazilian Ph.D. student at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA).

    PC-04  (Dirmeyer / Marengo / Rocha)

    2002  

    • Visit to COLA by a Brazilian graduate student during Fall 2001 to work on the project as part of graduate research.

    PC-07  (Ferreira / Ambrizzi)

    2002  

    • Advising of PhD student from CPTEC during his 1-1/2 years spent at NASA/GSFC.

    PC-08  (Shuttleworth / Marengo)

    2002  

    • Training of a Brazilian doctoral student at the University of Arizona;

    SH-02  (Dunne / Martinelli)

    2002  

    • American and Brazilian students and postdoctoral fellows to be involved in research both in Brazil and at the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB).

    SH-03  (Vorosmarty / Marengo)

    2002  

    • Training of two Ph.D. students (one Brazilian) at UNH.

    TG-02  (Guenther / Gatti)

    2002  

    • Perola de Castro Vasconcellos, a student from USP, spent six months as a post-doctoral visitor at the NCAR laboratory in Boulder, CO, receiving training in gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Although this training was prior to our receiving LBA-Ecology funding, Dr. Vasconcellos subsequently participated in two of our LBA field campaigns (LBA-CLAIRE and LBA-Ecology) receiving additional training in field data collection techniques.

     

    Lectures, Short-courses and Seminars

    Over 300 events were organized in Brazil for training of LBA participants. Most were open to local communities in various LBA sites in the Amazon region so as to disseminate scientific results and engage participation of new students in LBA’s projects.

    Team
    Year
    Completed
    Activity Description

    CD-02  (Ehleringer / Martinelli)

    2000  

    • Plant Ecology and Biology: Implicações Ecológicas das Estratégias Fotossintéticas C3 and C4

      Seminars taught for approximately 50 students at the Faculdades Integradas do Tapajós (FIT) and the Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA) in Santarém, PA, Brazil, in 1999 and 2000.

    2001  

    • Aplicação de isótopos estáveis em estudos ambientais

      Courses on stable isotope ecology involving both theoretical and field sampling strategies taught to approximately 50 undergraduate students in Santarém, Pará, Brazil.

    2002  

    • Stable Isotope Ecology and its Relevance to Amazonia Carbon Cycle and Forestry Research

      Several seminars on this subject were organized for:

      • LBA Graduate students, postdocs, and members of the staff at Inpa, in Manaus, Brazil;
      • 70 undergrads and Graduate students from the Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA) and Facultades Integradas do Tapajós (FIT), in Santarém, Pará, Brazil.
    • Stable Isotopes in Environmental Studies

      A one-week long course taught to approximately 70 undergraduate students at the Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA) in Santarém, Pará, Brazil.

    2003  

    • Plant Physiology Seminars

      During this seminar, held at Inpa, Manaus, Dr. Jean Ometto taught a course on stable isotope.

    • Stable Isotope in Environmental Studies

      Course taught by Dr. Jean Ometto at the Brazilian Congress of Limnology, held at Inpa, Manaus, Brazil.

    2004  

    • Semana do Meio Ambiente (Environmental Week)

      During this event, held at IBAMA, in Santarém, Dr. Jean Ometto (CENA-USP) taught a seminar on fundamentals of stable isotopes for undergraduates of local universities.

    • Stable Isotope and Plant Physiology Seminar

      It was taught by Dr. Jean Ometto at the III Simpósio Brasileiro de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Florestal, held at Inpa, Manaus.

    • Field Ecology of the Amazon

      A short course taught to LBA students at the LBA Training and Education Sector in Santarém, Pará, by Drs. Luiz Martinelli, Plínio Camargo, and Jean Ometto (CENA-USP).

    • Stable Isotopes in Environmental Studies

      Seminar taught by Dr. Jean Ometto (CENA-USP) as part of the graduate course "Hidrogeologia e uso de isótopos ambientais como traçadores de contaminação orgânica no solo” at the Universidade de Joinville (UNIVILLE) in Joinville, SC, Brazil.

    CD-03  (Fitzjarrald / Moraes)

    2003  

    • Surface to atmosphere exchange in an Amazon pasture/agricultural site

      This paper, by Otávio C. Acevedo et al, was presented at the LBA workshop Biogeochemical Changes Associated with the Establishment and Maintenance of Agroecosystems held at the University of Brasilia, Brazil, in November 2003.

    • A Amazônia e as Mudanças Climáticas
      (The Amazon and Climate Change)

      Lecture presented at the III Congresso Interamericano de Qualidade de Ar held in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    • O LBA e as Torres de Fluxo

      Lecture presented by Dr. Osvaldo M. Moraes (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM) during the I Fórum das Instituições de Ensino Superior de Santarém held at the Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA) in Santarém, Pará, Brazil.

    • Environmental Measurements

      Short course taught to undergraduate students at the Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA) in Santarém, PA. The course included training in data collection at the climatological station in Belterra, Pará, Brazil.

    2004  

    • O Projeto LBA

      Lecture presented at the Congresso Brasileiro de Redes de Alto Desempenho, in Gramado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    CD-04  (Goulden / Rocha)

    2003  

    • Carbon Cycling in Tropical and Boreal Forests
    • Effects of Logging on the CO2 and Energy Exchange of a Primary Forest in Tapajós National Forest
    • Lectures taught by Dr. Scott Miller (University of California-Irvine) to students at the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), in Santarém, PA, Brazil.

    CD-05  (Nepstad / Klink / Moutinho)

    2001  

    • Despertar para a Ciência (Wake-up to Science)

      In 2001, this educational program was initiated and provided field training in Ecology for 20 undergraduate Biology students from local universities in Santarém.

      This program is a collaborative effort between IPAM, the Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA), Faculdades Integradas do Tapajós (FIT), and Universidade Luterana Brasileira (ULBRA). It is designed to immerse promising young biologists in hands-on research developed during a six-day field course at the Tapajós National Forest. Students visit different LBA research projects and conduct individual field studies addressing questions related to ecological studies. During the training period, students reside at the Km 84 Santarém LBA Base Camp.

      The outstanding student of each group is awarded a “prize”: a six-month scholarship to conduct research within IPAM’s Rainfall Exclusion Experiment.

    • Ecosystem Ecology Course

      Two five-day courses were taught by Dr. Daniel Nepstad, as part of the UFPA/NAEA (Núcleo de Altos Estudos Amazônicos) doctoral program.

    2002  

    • Interdisciplinary Approaches to Land Use Planning

      A twelve-day course taught to approximately 18 students selected from across Brazil, held at the Universidade de Brasília (UnB).

    • Ecosystem Ecology

      A 10-day field course taught to 14 Brazilian graduate students from local educational institutions in Santarém and Belém. The course included hands-on activities conducted at FLONA-Tapajós.

    • Community and Ecosystem Ecology

      Courses taught by Dr. Paulo Moutinho (IPAM) as part of the activities of the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (MPEG) Graduate Program.

    • Despertar para a Ciência

      This program, initiated in 2001, continued to be offered by Osvaldo de Carvalho Jr (IPAM) for students in the Santarém region in Brazil.

    2003  

    • Course on Field Ecology

      This 11-day course was taught to 14 students from Yale University and 15 Brazilian students from the Federal University of Pará (UFPA) and other local universities in Santarém and Belém.

    2004  

    • A ecologia da floresta tropical: bases para a conservação e desenvolvimento (Tropical Forest Ecology: basis for conservation and development)

      This eight-day course on field ecology was taught to LBA students and local university students in Santarém, Pará.

    • Course on Gestão Ambiental (Environmental Management)

      This course was taught as part of the core curriculum of UFPA/NAEE interdisciplinary doctoral program in Tropical Development. It included latest LBA research results.

    CD-06  (Richey / Victoria)

    2003  

    • Field activities

      Several training courses including hands-on activities at the research sites in Manaus, Cuiabá, and Ji-Paraná were taught to LBA students by Dr. Alex Krusche (CENA-USP).

    • Lectures on Carbon Fluxes and Modeling

      Several talks about this subject addressed to the lay public were presented by Dr. Jeff Richey in Cuiabá. The events were organized by the Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT).

    CD-08  (Trumbore / Camargo)

    2001  

    • Isotopes in Ecology

      Short course taught by Drs. Susan Trumbore and Plínio Camargo at the Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC), in Rio Branco, Brazil.

    • Radiocarbon and Stable Isotopes in Ecological Studies

      Course taught by Drs. Susan Trumbore and Tibisay J. Pérez (University of California-Irvine, USA) at the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), in Caracas, Venezuela.

    2003  

    • Course on Stable Isotopes

      Short course, taught by Dr. Plínio Camargo (CENA-USP), was taught to LBA students in Santarém, PA, Brazil. The course was open to students from local universities.

    2004  

    • Radiocarbon in Ecology on Earth System Science

      This series of short courses were initiated by Dr. Trumbore and will be offered yearly at the University of California-Irvine.

    • Carbon Cycle

      Short course taught to LBA students at the LBA Training and Education Sector in Santarém by Dr. Plínio Camargo (CENA-USP). The course was open to local community and students from local universities - UFPA, FIT and ULBRA.

    CD-10  (Wofsy / Kirchhoff / Camargo / A. Nobre)

    2001  

    • Carbon Balances in the Amazon

      Lecture presented at the LBA Training and Education Sector in Santarém, Pará, Brazil, by Drs. Steven C. Wofsy (Harvard University) and Scott R. Saleska (University of Arizona).

    2003  

    • Carbon Balance and Seasonality in an Old-Growth Amazonian Forest”

      Lecture presented by Dr. Scott Saleska (Harvard University, USA) for LBA students at the LBA Training and Education Sector in Santarém, Pará, and at CENA-USP, in Piracicaba, São Paulo.

    CD-12  (Vourlitis / Priante)

    2002  

    • Instrumentation and Analysis of Ecophysiological Data

      An intensive two-week course of ecophysiological theory and field research techniques was offered by George Vourlitis for Graduate students of the Tropical Agriculture Program of the Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT), Brazil.

      During the theoretical part of the course, students were exposed to explanations on how water and photosynthesis of tropical plants are altered by variations in temperature, atmospheric CO2 concentration, and drought.

      During the laboratory classes, students were trained in the use of field equipment (e.g., portable photosynthesis systems and thermocouple psychrometers) to measure rates of photosynthesis, transpiration, soil respiration, and plant water potential. Students used equipments to measure the CO2 and water use of tropical forest trees. The intensive hands-on training enabled students to use the equipment routinely on their research activities.

    CD-18  (Shuttleworth / Nobre)

    2004  

    • Dr. Luis G. de Gonçalves attended the LBA-ECO Session at the AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, USA.

    2005  

    • Symposium: Regional Hydrologic Impacts of Climatic Variability and Change with an Emphasis on Less Developed Countries (ICCLAS; ICSW, PUB WG, IAMAS, WCRP, CLIVAR, GEWEX, WMO/UNESCO WCP-Water, HELP)

      Drs. Carlos Nobre and Luis Bastidas (INPE) were co-convenors of this session. The event was held at Foz do Iguaçú, Brazil, in April 2005.

    LC-01  (Walsh / Bilsborrow / Manosalvas)

    1999  

    • Integrating Geographic Information Science in the Data Collection Phase of Population-Environment Research

      Paper written by by McGregor, S.J. and Bilsborrow, R.E. presented at the Population Association of America Annual Conference.

    • Application of Cellular Automata Modeling for Enhanced Land Cover Classification in the Ecuadorian Amazon,

      Lecture presented by Professor Joseph Messina (Michigan State University) at the Applied Geography Conference, held in Charlotte, NC, USA.

    2000  

    • Several seminars were presented at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and other US universities about methodologies and findings of this science team. Presentations can be found at: CPC Ecuador Projects
    • Change in Ecuadorian Farm Composition over time – Population Pressures, Migration, and Changes in Land Use

      Paper written by Pan, W. and Bilsborrow, R.E., presented at the Population Association of America Annual Meeting, held in Los Angeles, CA, USA.

    • Scale Dependent Pattern Metrics and Panel Data Analysis as Applied in a Multiphase Hybrid Land Cover Classification Scheme

      Paper written by Messina, J.P., Walsh, S.J., and Crews-Meyer, K.A.. It was presented at the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, in Washington, DC, USA.

    • Plant Biomass Variation in Frontier Environments: The Case of Deforestation and Agricultural Extensification in Thailand and Ecuador

      Paper written by Walsh, S.J., Crews-Meyer, K.A., and Messina, J.P., presented at the Fourth International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, held in Banff, Canada.

    • Migrant Colonists, Agriculture and Deforestation in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Lecture presented by Bilsborrow, R. E. at Triangle Area Population Society, in Durham, NC, USA.

    • Emerging Technologies for Remote Sensing and Geo-Spatial Data. A Workshop on Moving Remote Sensing from Research to Applications: Case Studies of the Knowledge Transfer Process

      Paper presented by Steven Walsh at the National Academy of Sciences, in Washington, DC, USA.

    • Analysis of Land Change Across Spatial Scales Using Geographic Techniques: A Comparison of Deforestation in Ecuador and Thailand

      Paper written by Messina, J.P. and Walsh, S.J.. It was presented at the Latin America Studies Association, Miami, FL, USA.

    • Integrating Geographic Information Science Techniques and Household Socio-economic Surveys of Population Environment Research: A Preliminary Report

      Paper written by Mena, C., Taff, G., Frizzelle, B., and McGregor, S.J. and presented at the Latin America Studies Association, Miami, FL, USA

    • Permanence and Adaptation Among Settler Households in Ecuador's Amazon

      Paper written by Murphy, L. and Pan, W. was presented at the Latin America Studies Association, Miami, FL, USA.

    • Population Pressure, Subdivision and Land Clearing in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Taff, G., Pan, W., and Bilsborrow, R.E.. It was presented at the Latin America Studies Association, Miami, FL, USA.

    • Land Use Change in Rural Thailand and the Ecuadorian Amazon: A Comparative Study

      Paper written by Crews-Meyer, K.A. and Valdivia, G. and presented at the Latin America Studies Association, Miami, FL, USA.

    • Participacion de comunidades locales en la gestion de areas protegidas: Primeros pasos en la formacion de un consejo de manejo compartido en la Reserva de Produccion Faunistica Cuyabeno, Amazonia Ecuatoriana

      Paper presented by Araya, I. at the Latin America Studies Association, Miami, FL, USA.

    • Population and Environment Interactions: Spatial Considerations in Landscape Characterization and Modeling

      Paper written by Walsh, S.J. and presented at the Department of Geography, University of Minnesota, USA.

    • The Application of Non-Traditional Pattern Metrics in the Development of a Multiphase Hybrid Classification Scheme: Land Use/Land Cover Dynamics in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Messina, J.P. and presented at the Association of American Geographers, in Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

    • A Cellular Modeling Approach to Dynamic Systems Characterization: Deforestation and Agricultural Extensification in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Messina, J.P. and presented at the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science, in Portland, OR, USA

    2001  

    • Demographic Aspects of Land Use by Migrant Colonists in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Lecture presented by Bilsborrow, R. E. at the Center for Population Studies Workshop, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NIH).

    • Population and Land Use in Ecuador’s Northern Amazon in 1999: Intensification and Growth in the Frontier

      Paper written by Pan, W., Murphy, L., Sullivan, B. and Bilsborrow, R.. It was presented at the Population Association of America, in Washington DC, USA.

    • Population Growth, Fragmentation of Plots and Implications for Land Use and Deforestation in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Lecture presented by Richard Bilsborrow and William Pan (University of North Carolina) at the International Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, held in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

    • Landscape Variation in Frontier Environments: Deforestation and Agricultural Extensification in Ecuador and Thailand

      Paper by Stephen J. Walsh, K.A. Crews-Meyer, Joseph P. Messina, R.R. Rindfuss, and B. Entwisle, presented at the Global Change Open Science Conference - Challenges of a Changing Earth, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

    • Lectures presented at the Open Meeting of the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil:
      • Simulating Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics in the Ecuadorian Amazon through Cellular Automata Approaches and an Integrated GIS

        Paper written by Joseph Messina and Stephen Walsh presented at the Integrated Modeling of LCLUC Special Session

      • Change Patterns of Population and Land Use in Ecuador’s Northern Amazon

        Paper written by Richard Bilsborrow, William Pan, Stephen J. Walsh, and Kelly A. Crews-Meyer presented at the Special Session Contributions of the Large-Scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia Project to Understanding the Human Dimensions of Land Use and Land Cover Change.

    • LCLUC Models that account for Spatial Patterns in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Lecture presented by Pan, W. at the International Biometric Society – Eastern North American Region Spring Meeting.

    • Mapping and Modeling Approaches for Characterizing Population-Environment Interactions: A Geographic Information Science Perspective

      Lecture presented by Walsh, S.J. at the Department of Geography, University of Ohklahoma, OH, USA.

    • GIScience for Mapping and Modeling Landscape Dynamics: Some Challenges and Opportunities

      Lecture presented by Walsh, S.J. at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Geography, USA.

    • Mapping and Modeling Approaches for Characterizing Population-Environment Interactions in Thailand and Ecuador: A Geographic Information Science Perspective

      Lecture presented by Walsh, S.J. at the Department of Geography, at Southwest Texas State University, USA.

    • Assessing Landscape Dynamics in the Ecuadorian Amazon: Application of Satellite Change-Detections and Cellular Automata Simulations

      Paper written S.J. Walsh, J.P. Messina, K.A. Crews-Meyer, S.J. McGregor, and B.G. Frizzelle was presented at the Association of American Geographers, in New York, USA.

    • Landscape Dynamics in the Ecuadorian Amazon: Characterizing Patterns and Processes of Deforestation and Agricultural Extensification through Space and Time Dependent Models of Change

      Paper written by S. J. Walsh, R.E. Bilsborrow, S.J. McGregor, J.P. Messina, K.A. Crews-Meyer, B. Frizzelle, and W. Pan was presented at the LBA-Eco Business Meeting, held in Atlanta, USA.

    2002  

    • Migration and Land Use in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Lecture presented by Richard Bilsborrow at the Global Science Panel Meeting, held in Laxenburg, Austria.

    • Proximate and Ultimate Drivers of Deforestation in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon

      Lecture presented by Richard Bilsborrow at the Land Cover Dynamics in the Amazon Workshop, held during the II LBA Scientific Conference.

    • Población, Uso de Tierra y Deforestación en La Amazonía Ecuatoriana

      Lecture presented by R.E. Bilsborrow at the Instituto Peruano de Administración de Empresas, in Iquitos, Peru and at the II LBA Scientific Conference.

    • Analyzing Changes in LULC over Time in the Ecuadorian Amazon based on Longitudinal Survey Data

      Paper written by Barbieri, A. F., R. E. Bilsborrow, C. Mena, W. Pan and B. Torres. It was presented at the Association of American Geographers, in Orleans, LA, USA.

    • Fertility Determinants on the Frontier: Longitudinal Evidence from the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Carr, D.L. and W. Pan and presented at the Population Association of America, Atlanta, GA, USA.

    • Neural Networks: Identifying Clouds in Remote Sensing Imagery

      Lecture presented by C.M. Erlien at the Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers, in Richmond, VA, USA.

    • Links between Fertility, Farm Size and Land Use on the Frontier: Evidence from the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by W. Pan and D.L. Carr. It was presented at the American Public Health Association, in Philadelphia, PA, USA.

    • A Multilevel Statistical and Spatial Analysis to Examine the Relationship between Population & Environment

      Lecture presented by Pan, W. at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

    2003  

    • Population Distribution on the Frontier: Changing Migration Patterns and Urbanization in the Ecuadorian Amazon in the 1990’s

      Paper written by Barbieri, A.F. and R.E. Bilsborrow presented at the International Conference on Social Sciences, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

    • Gender-Specific Out-Migration and Deforestation in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Barbieri, A.F. and D.L. Carr, presented at the International Young Scientists Global Change Conference, held in Trieste, Italy.

    • Settler Welfare and Land Use in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Barbieri, A.F., C.F. Mena, C.M. Erlien, R.E. Bilsborrow, and B. Torres, presented at the Open Meeting of the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community, held in Montreal, Canada.

    • Population, Agricultural Land Use and the Environment in Latin America at the Turn of the Millennium

      Paper written by Carr, D., R.E. Bilsborrow, and A.F. Barbieri, presented at the Open Meeting of the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community, held in Montreal, Canada.

    • Agricultural Change in the Ecuadorian Amazon: Land use Transitions from 1990 to 1999

      Paper written by Pan, William, A.F. Barbieri and R.E. Bilsborrow, presented at the “Transition in Agriculture and Future Land Use Patterns”, an international workshop held in Wageningen, The Netherlands.

    • Multi-Level Factors Influencing Land Use Changes in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Pan, W.K.Y. and D. Carr was presented at the International Young Scientists Global Change Conference, held in Trieste, Italy.

    • Characterizing Land Use/Land Cover Change in Northeast Thailand and Analyzing the Causes and Consequences of Landscape Dynamics

      Paper written by Walsh, S.J., R.R. Rindfuss, B. Entwisle, Y. Shao, D.J. Weiss, P.M. McDaniel, and R.E. Pullen, presented at the 30th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

    • Challenges in Understanding Human Impacts on Land-Use and Land-Cover Change

      Paper written by Walsh, S.J., B.L. Turner II, R.R. Rindfuss, V. Mishra, and J. Fox, presented at tne Open Meeting of the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community, held in Montreal, Canada.

    • Population Distribution on the Frontier: Changing Migration Patterns and Urbanization in the Ecuadorian Amazon in the 1990’s

      Paper written by Barbieri, A.F. and R.E. Bilsborrow, presented at the International Conference on Social Sciences, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

    • Changes in Land Cover and Land Use Over Time in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by A. f. Barbieri, R.E. Bilsborrow, C.F. Mena, W. Pan, and B. Torres and presented at the Association of American Geographers, in New Orleans, USA.

    • Establishing Remote Sensing Control in a Frontier Environment: The Case of the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by B. G. Frizzelle, S.J. Walsh, C.M. Erlien and C.F. Mena. It was presented at the Annual Conference of the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, held in Anchorage, Alaska, USA.

    • Modeling the Scale Dependent Drivers of LCLU Dynamics in Northeastern Ecuador: Simulating Patterns of Landscape Change and Assessing their Cause and Consequences through Multi-Level Models and Cellular Automata

      Paper written by C.F. Mena, C.M. Erlien, and S.J. Walsh. It was presented at the Association of American Geographers, in New Orleans, LA, USA.

    • Biocomplexity and Geographers – How can Geographers be Leaders in the NSF Biocomplexity in the Environment Program?

      Steven Walsh participated as a panelist in this session, held at the Association of American Geographers, in New Orleans, LA, USA.

    • Searching for Geographic Complexity

      Paper written by Y. Zeng, G.P. Malanson, and S.J. Walsh. It was presented at the East-West Division of the Association of American Geographers, in Kalamazoo, MI, USA.

    • Modeling the Scale Dependent Drivers of LCLU Dynamics in Northeastern Ecuador: Population, Biophysical, and Geographical Factors

      Paper presented by C.F. Mena, C. Erlien, S.J. Walsh, R.E. Bilsborrow, and F. Baquero. It was presented at the Association of American Geographers, New Orleans, LA, USA.

    • Population Interactions: Land Cover / Land Use Dynamics and Modeling Approaches

      Seminar Graduate-level taught by Professor Stephen J. Walsh at the Geography program at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. LBA results were incorporated into this program.

    2004  

    • Distance Effects on Birth Control and Location of Birth in the Ecuadorian Oriente

      Lecture presented by Cristine Erlien (University of North Carolina) at the Association of American Geographers, in Philadelphia, PA, USA.

    • Land Use Change Patterns of Colonists and Indigenous Groups in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon: A Comparison of Landsat TM Spectral and Spatial Analyses

      Paper written by B.G. Frizzelle, S.J. Walsh, C.F. Mena, and C.M. Erlien and presented at the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, in Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

    • Land Use by Indigenous Populations in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by L.C. Gray, J. Bremner, and R.E. Bilsborrow and presented at the Association of American Geographers, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

    • Indigenous Populations and Land Use in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by C.L. Gray, J. Bremner, and F. Holt and presented at the Population Association of America, in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    • Population Pressure and Market Integration among Ecuadorian Native Amazonians: Impacts on Land and Resource Use

      Paper written by F.L. Holt and R.E. Bilsborrow and presented at the Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, in Portland, Oregon, USA.

    • Frontiers as Frontiers

      Paper written by G. Malanson, Y. Zeng, and S. Walsh. It was presented at the Association of American Geographers, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

    • Searching for Complexity on Landscapes

      Paper written by Y. Zeng, G.P. Malanson, and S. J. Walsh. It was presented at the 100th Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

    • Approaches and Challenges for Characterizing Landscape Dynamics in Coupled Human-Natural Systems

      Lecture presented by S. J. Walsh at the Taaffe Colloquium Series, Department of Geography at Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

    • Ecotones and Frontiers: An Overview of Research in Natural and Coupled Human-Natural Systems

      Lecture presented by S. J. Walsh at the Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. USA.

    • LCLUC in Thailand & Ecuador: Pattern-Process Relations and Some Research Challenges. Keynote Research Results

      Lecture presented by Stephen J. Walsh at the Land Cover/Land Use Change Science Meeting: Significant Results, at NASA-GSFC, Maryland, USA.

    • Linking People and Environment through Studies of Deforestation in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Lecture presented by Stephen J. Walsh at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, USA.

    • Linking People and Place: Assessing Pattern and Meaning through Spatial Digital Technologies

      Lecture presented by Stephen J. Walsh at the School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.

    • Complexity in the Ecuadorian Amazon Frontier: Influence of Urbanization and Landscape Pattern on LULC Dynamics

      Paper written by Stephen J. Walsh, Carlos Mena, and Joseph P. Messina was presented at the Association of American Geographers, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

    • Searching for Complexity on Landscapes

      Paper written by Y. Zeng, G.P. Malanson, and S.J. Walsh. It was presented at the 100th Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

    • Causes and Consequences of Low Farm Income and Land Use Change from 1990 to 1999: Agro-socio-economic Approaches in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Bolier Torres, Richard E. Bilsborrow, and Allison F. Barbieri, presented at the Rural Poverty Reduction through Research for Development and Transformation Meeting, held in Berlin, Germany.

    • Pattern-Process Relationships of Land Use/Land Cover Dynamics in the Ecuadorian Amazon

      Paper written by Stephen J. Walsh, Richard E. Bilsborrow, Joseph P. Messina, G.P. Malanson, Carlos F. Mena, and Cristine M. Erlien, presented at the International Geographical Union, in Glasgow, Scotland, UK.

    • Población, Uso de Tierra y Deforestación en la Amazonía Ecuatoriana: Implicaciones para le Parque Nacional Yasuní

      Lecture presented by Dr. Richard E. Bilsborrow (UNC-Chapel Hill, USA) at the II Congreso Anual sobre las Investigaciones del Bosque Tropical de Ecuador, held in Mindo, Ecuador.

    LC-02  (Brown / Silveira / Esteves)

    2001  

    • Basic Concepts of GPS, Mapping and Area Calculation

      A 16-hour course taught to undergraduate students in Agronomy at the Federal University of Acre (UFAC) and technicians at IBAMA, in Rio Branco, Acre, March 2001.

    2003  

    • Highway to the Pacific (and the Atlantic)

      Lecture presented by Irving Foster Brown for about 40 elementary school teachers from Bolivia, Peru and Brazil, in Assis Brasil, Acre.

    • Education for the 21st Century, Building a New Educational Model in the MAP Region

      Lecture presented by Ivanir Oliveira and Ramene dos Santos at the MAP IV meeting held in Brasileia, Acre.

    • The Crossing of Inter-Oceanic Highways, Biodiversity Corridors, Trinational Rivers, and their Implications for Sustainable Forest Management in the Southwest of Amazonia

      Lecture presented by Irving Foster Brown at the 2003 Meeting of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), held in Brasília, DF, Brazil.

    • Cooperation and Hope in the Americas: An Example From Where Brazil, Bolivia and Peru Meet

      Lecture presented by I. Foster Brown at Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts for about 150 attendees.

    • Research at UFAC and MAP

      Lecture presented by Dr. Irving Foster Brown (UFAC) and Christine Ehringhaus (Yale University) for 30 students from the Eberhard Karl Universitat in Tubingen, Germany, during their visit to the LC-02 research sites and the Parque Zoobotânico facilities at the Federal University of Acre (UFAC) in Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil.

    • Support for a New University: Contributions of LBA

      Lecture presented by Dr. Irving Foster Brown (UFAC) to approximately 400 participants at the University of the Forest in Cruzeiro, Acre, Brazil.

    • Strategies in the Building of a Plan for Sustainable Development of the MAP Region ("MAP" stands for Madre de Dios in Peru; Acre in Brazil and Pando in Bolívia).

      Lecture presented to 50 participantes by Elsa Mendoza in Belém, Pará, Brazil.

    • Use of GPS for Mapping Land Use and for Management Plans

      Short courses taught for 40 participants at the Federal University of Acre (UFAC), in Rio Branco, Acre.

    • Immobilization and Transport of Trauma Victims (The Stretcher Race)

      Training in wilderness first aid and CPR was provided for students and technicians involved in field activities. The course was held at the Federal University of Acre (UFAC), in Rio Branco.

    • Management of Natural Resources: Remote Sensing and GIS applied to Ecology

      Course taught to 15 Masters students at the Federal University of Acre (UFAC), in Rio Branco, Acre.

    2004  

    • Advances in developing a perspective in Brazil on accuracy assessment for deforestation and fire counts based on satellite imagery

      This science team, along with colleagues from the US and Brazil, organized the workshop Ground-based Accuracy Assessments for Fire and Deforestation Events and the oral session Accuracy Assessments and their Implications for Fire and Deforestation Monitoring at the Third LBA Scientific Conference, in Brasilia, July 2004.

      These meetings led to expanded discussions about accuracy assessment among the participants and was followed by an internship of Monica De Los Rios at INPE to initiate colaboration between INPE and the LBA-Acre Group.

    LC-03  (Dobson / Soares)

    2001  

    • Biomass estimation using SAR
      Lecture presented by Leland Pierce at INPE, Brazil.

    LC-04  (Foley / Costa)

    2000  

    • Ecosystem Modeling

      Short course taught by Dr. Marcos Costa at CPTEC/INPE, in July 2000.

    2001  

    • Long-term Simulations of Discharge and Floods in the Amazon Basin

      Paper written by Michael T. Coe, Marcos H. Costa, A. Botta, and C. Birkett and presented at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting.

    2004  

    • Modeling of Environmental Systems Dynamics

      As of December 2004, five courses on modeling had been taught using the "Portable Computer Classroom System" in various universities, most of them in the Amazon region:

      • Inpa, Manaus, 22 students;
      • Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiabá, 22 students;
      • Federal University of Acre (UFAC), Rio Branco, 14 students;
      • Federal University of Rondônia (UNIR), Ji-Paraná, 12 students;
      • Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), 13 students.

      A total of 83 students were trained. One more course is planned to be taught in 2005 at the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Belém.

    • Vegetation dynamics in the context of climate models

      Course taught at CPTEC, Cachoeira Paulista, as part of the LC-04 group efforts to train new scientists in vegetation-climate interaction modelling.

    LC-05  (Laurance / Mesquita)

    2000  

    • Forest Fragmentation in the Amazonian Landscape

      This three-week course was taught to 20 undergraduate students from Amazonian universities. It focused on the causes and impacts of habitat destruction in the Amazon.

    2001  

    • Enhancing Comparative Research Opportunities for Young Scientists in Tropical and Subtropical Plant Ecology

      Course offered to young scientists as part of an exchange program for research on tropical and subtropical ecosystems, in collaboration with Mellon Foundation. It was held at Inpa, Manaus, in September 2001.

    • Ecology of the Amazonian Forest

      This month-long field-course provided advanced training in ecology, field biology, and conservation science for graduate students from Latin America and the U.S. The course had 25 participants from five countries. It was held at Inpa, Manaus, August-September 2001.

    LC-07  (Melack / Novo / Forsberg)

    2001  

    • Microwave and optical remote sensing of Amazonian wetlands: a multi-scale, multi-sensor approach to understanding wetland hydrology and ecology

      A series of lectures on this topic were presented by Laura L. Hess, as an invited speaker at the "SIVAM Technology Transfer Seminar VI: Monitoring and Mapping Hydrology and Ecosystem Quality":

      • Amazonian wetlands: geography, nomenclature, and significance
      • High-resolution, geocoded digital videography for validation of land-cover classification
      • Synthetic aperture racdar remote sensing of wetlands: theory, sensors, and datasets
      • Case studies of SAR-based mapping of Amazonian wetlands using SIR-C and JERS-1 data
      • Passive microwave, radar altimetry, and SAR interferometry techniques for characterizing inundated area and water level heights
      • Synthesis of multi-scale microwave and optical data for modeling wetland hydrology and biogeochemistry
    • The SIVAM (Sistema de Vigilância da Amazônia) Technology Transfer Seminars are designed to familiarize Brazilian scientists and managers with recent developments in remote sensing and other fields, which are likely to be useful in the environmental monitoring or surveillance components of the SIVAM project. For this seminar, simultaneous translations between English and Portuguese were provided by CCSIVAM.

      The seminar was held at the Federal University of Viçosa in Brazil, from February 12 to 15. There were approximately 50 participants from a variety of Brazilian governmental agencies, universities, and military services.

      Lecture overheads in pdf format, a complete list of attendees with affiliations, a group photo, and a link to the SIVAM web site can be found at Amazon Wetlands LBA Studies.

    2002  

    • Characterizing Ecology and Hydrology of Tropical Wetlands with Remotely Sensed Data

      This lecture was presented by J.M. Melack and L. Hess (Co-Chairs) at the Society of Wetlands Scientists Invited Papers Symposium at the INTECOL 6th International Wetland Symposium, in Quebec, Canada.

    • Understanding via the visualization of large, earth science data sets

      Lecture presented by L. Hess and B. Chapman at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology.

    • Amazonian forests and wetlands as viewed by synthetic aperture radar and airborne digital videography

      Chapman and Hess presented an overview of the JERS-1 Amazon Mapping and Monitoring (JAMMS) study (pre-cursor to our LBA wetlands study) and narrated a real-time “fly-over” of the JERS-1 mosaics.

      JPL’s Digital Light Table facility was used to project the entire mosaic (with a file size of greater than 3 terabytes) on the screen at von Karman; in addition, the mosaic was draped over the GTOPO-30 DEM and could be rotated and tilted at any angle.

      Prior to the presentation, Hess and Chapman worked with H. Siegel of the JPL supercomputing group to link the VOAM99 digital videography with the mosaic fly-over in real time.

      Thirty-second digital video clips of the mainstem floodplain and Roraima savanna wetlands were extracted from videotapes and converted to QuickTime format at UCSB, then transferred via FTP to JPL with accompanying ASCII text files giving longitudes and latitudes of the video frames.

      At JPL, clips were converted to file formats compatible with the SGI architecture used by the Digital Light Table. Software written by Siegel made it possible to play wide-angle and zoom video clips in windows overlying the JERS-1 mosaic display, automatically orient the JERS-1 mosaic to the aircraft flight direction, and automatically track the location on the mosaic corresponding to the synchronized video displays. The lecture was attended by approximately 100 people.

    2003  

    • Training on SAR Remote Sensing of Amazonian Wetlands

      This training was offered by Dr. L. Hess (UCSB) as part of the PETROBRAS SIVAM Airborne SAR Training Program held in Rio de Janeiro, on April 3rd, 2003.

    LC-08  (Moore / Nobre)

    2001  

    • LBA-GAIM Modeling Workshop

      This workshop, addressed to South American Graduate students, focused on Amazonian ecosystem and land surface modeling. It was organized and conducted by LBA US and South America investigators - Professors Berrien Moore, George Hurtt, Dork Shagian (University New Hampshire) and Carlos Nobre (INPE/CPTEC).

      Other instructors included Professors Bill Parton, Michael Keller (UNH), Marcos Costa (UFV) and Humberto da Rocha (USP), and others. Manoel Cardoso, a Brazilian Ph.D. student at UNH served as an assistant instructor.

      The workshop was held at CPTEC, Brazil, July 17-28, 2001 and was fully enrolled with some 22 South American students.

    2002  

    • IGBP International Conference: Challenges of a Changing Earth

      UNH LBA investigators, professors Moore and Hurtt, organized and led a group of 15 South American students for participation in the IGBP conference held in Amsterdam in 2002.

      Students were selected by the LBA Training and Education Committee.

    LC-09  (Moran / Batistella)

    2000  

    • The Amazon and Mata Atlantic Rainforests: What Can We Learn from Past and Present to Avoid a Plain Bleak Future?

      This lecture was presented by Dr. Marcos Pedlowski, Associate Professor at the Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminente - UENF -(Northern Fluminense State University), Brazil, during his visit to the Anthropological Center for Training and Research on Global Environmental Change (ACT) at the University of Indiana, in February 2000.

    • Predicting Spatial Patterns of Forest Fires in Old Logging Frontier of Eastern Amazonia Using Empirically Derived Funcitions

      This lecture was presented by Ane Auxiliadora Costa Alencar from IPAM, Belém, Brazil during her visit to the Anthropological Center for Training and Research on Global Environmental Change (ACT).

    2001  

    • Human Dimensions of Land Use and Land Cover Change

      This course was provided for undergraduates and Graduate students at the Federal University of Acre in collaboration with researchers and professors of the university.

    2002  

    • GIS and Land-Use Planning

      Course taught by Drs. Emilio Moran and Mateus Batistella at the Pontificia Universidade Católica de Campinas (PUCC), São Paulo, Brazil.

    • Human Dimensions of Land-Use/Land-Cover Change

      This lecture was presented by Drs. Emilio Moran and Mateus Batistella at INPE, IBAMA, EMBRAPA, and SENAC, in São paulo, Brazil.

    • An agent-based model for the Spatial Mobility of Timber Industry in Brazlian Amazonia

      Lecture presented by Sergio Rivero, from IPAM, Belém, Brazil, during his visit to the Anthropological Center for Training and Research on Global Environmental (ACT), University of Indiana, in March 2002.

    • Geotechnologies and the Environment

      Course taught by Drs. Mateus Batistella and Emilio Moran at the GISBrasil 2002 Meeting, held in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

    LC-13  (Asner / Silva )

    2001  

    • Measurements Used for Estimating Forest Canopy Damage

      On-site training was provided for students and technicians of FICAP, Tropical Forest Foundation, foresters and members of local community. It was held at the Tropical Forest Foundation Facility and CIKEL-Verde, Fazenda Cauaxi, Pará, Brazil, in July 2000 and June 2001.

    • Training in GPS

      Training on the theory, use and limitations of global positioning system (GPS) technology for forestry and land management applications was provided for foresters and students at the Tropical Forest Foundation facility, Fazenda Cauaxi, Pará, Brazil.

      Training involved a 3-hour class with 3 hours of field experience. Activities were filmed for future additional use.

    • Satellite Remote Sensing for Forestry and Selective Logging Applications

      A series of lectures on the role and limitations of satellite remote sensing for forestry and selective logging applications was presented at the Tropical Forest Foundation Facility, Fazenda Cauaxi, Pará, in July 2000 and June 2001.

    2003  

    • Remote Sensing of Selective Logging.

      A series of lectures on remote sensing applications for selective logging was presented at EMBRAPA and IPAM by Dr. Asner (Stanford University).

    LC-16  (Davidson / Klink)

    2004  

    • Environmental consequences of land-use change in Brazil's Cerrado savannas

      Seminar presented by Carlos A. Klink at the Department of Geography of the University of Maryland at College Park, USA.

    • Changes in land-use and ecosystem function in Brazil's Cerrado savanna

      Seminar presented by Carlos A. Klink at the NASA Goddard Flight Center, in College Park, USA.

    • Dinâmica da água no solo dos ecossistemas de Cerrado do Brasil: o papel das raízes profundas

      Lecture presented by Liliane B. Passos da Silva (UnB) at the workshop Dinámica Hídrica en Sistemas Neotropicales of Red Interamericana de Cooperación Andes y Sabanas (RICAS-IAI), held at the Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela

    LC-21  (Asner / Bustamante / Silva)

    2003  

    • Biogeochemical changes associated with the establishment and maintenance of agroecosystems Workshop

      This LBA workshop was organized by Professors Mercedes Bustamante (UnB) and Jerry Melillo (WHRC). During the workshop there was a presentation by Greg Asner (Stanford University) regarding the results of the ND-10 group, former collaborative project of Asner and Bustamante. The workshop was held at the University of Brasília (UnB), November 2-4, 2003.

    LC-22  (DeFries / Shimabukuro)

    2003  

    • Seminar and planning session in collaboration with WWF-Brasil, WWF Paraguay, and Conservation International

      The goal of this seminar was to identify common mapping goals, develop protocols for regional ground-truthing efforts, and explore the use of MODIS data for conservation-related monitoring. The seminar was held in November 30th, in Brasilia, Brazil.

    2004  

    • Seminar at INPE - Training of Brazilian Students

      Liana Anderson and Fernando Del Bon Espirito-Santo, Brazilian doctorate students, were sponsored by the US group to participate in two training workshops in Cachoeira Paulista at INPE/CPTEC and in Caxuanã, Pará, Brazil.

    • Presentation at WWF-Brasil

      Douglas Morton (UMd/NASA) presented results of deforestation and agricultural mapping to scientists at WWF-Brasil in Brasilia, Brazil.

    • Measuring Change: Monitoring Tropical Deforestation with Satellite DataR

      Seminar presented by DeFries at the World Bank Latin America Region Environment Seminar.

    • Changing Dynamics of Deforestation in Mato Grosso

      Lecture presented by Douglas Morton (UMd/NASA) at the 2004 AGU meeting held in San Francisco, USA.

    LC-23  (Morisette / Schroeder / Pereira)

    2003  

    • IBAMA special session on Satellite-derived fire and burn scar products throughout the Amazon

      This session was held in conjunction with the 9th Brazilian Remote Sensing Symposium, April 5-10, 2003.

    • ASTER fire map and time series analyses

      During the Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center (ESSIC) Fall Seminar Series held at the University of Maryland, in College Park, 2003, Dr. Morton presented preliminary results of the ASTER fire map and analyses.

    2004  

    • ENVI/IDL software training session

      This session, held at NASA GSFC, was jointly funded by LC-23 and the Invasive Species Forecasting System Project.

    • Ground Based Accuracy Assessments for Fire and Deforestation Events Workshop

      This one-day workshop, held in Brasilia, July 26, was organized in conjunction with the CEOS Land Product Validation subgroup and the GOFC/GOLD fire implementation team.

      There were 33 attendees, including 8 Brazilian students (6 from the Amazon) and participation of 12 Amazonian institutions and universities.

      The workshop included presentations from Embrapa, INPE, IBAMA, NASA, CEOS, GOFC/GOLD, University of Maryland (UMd), and the Federal University of Acre (UFAC).

      A major result of the workshop was to initiate a Brazilian field validation network with a specific protocol for mapping deforestation and burn scars and sharing data and communications between field and remote sensing teams. This network will be utilized for research activities in 2005; data and documentation will be distributed using the infrastructure established after the meeting and posted at: URL.

    ND-01  (Roberts / Barreto / Soares)

       

    • Large Area Mapping in Rondônia using Multitemporal Sectral Mixture Analysis and Decision Tree Classifiers

      Lecture presented at the University of California-Irvine, Nov. 4, 2001.

    2003  

    • Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Course

      This two-day course was taught by Dr. Dar Roberts in collaboration with Dr. Robert Green at the SBIR IX in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

    2004  

    • Remote Sensing Course and Lab Materials

      Dr. Roberts (UCSB) and Souza (IMAZON) designed a remote sensing short course, including software demonstrations and lab materials addressed to Graduate students.

      General topics include:

      • Remote Sensing Background
      • Examples of Land-Cover Change
      • Mixture Models
      • Decision Tree Classifiers
      • ENVI Demonstrations

    ND-02  (Davidson / Stone / Markewitz / Carvalho / Sa / Vieira / Moutinho / Figueiredo)

    1999  

    • Ciclagem de Nutrientes em uma Floresta na Região do Tapajós

      Lecture presented by Dr. Ricardo Figueiredo at the Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA) and at the Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA) in Santarém, PA.

    2003  

    • Water, Nutrients and Carbon Dynamic in Traditional and Alternative Systems of Small-scale Agriculture in Eastern Amazonia

      Lecture presented by Dr. Ricardo Figueiredo (UFPA) at the International Workshop “Mudanças Biogeoquímicas Associadas à Manutenção de Agroecossistemas”, organized by the Ecology Department of the University of Brasília (UnB), DF, Brazil.

    • Amazônia em transformação: implicações hidrobiogeoquímicas

      Lecture presented by Dr. Ricardo Figueiredo at Semana do Meio Ambiente, an event organized by the Geoscience Center of the Federal University of Pará (UFPA) in Belém, Pará, Brazil.

    • Atributos do Solo em Agrossistemas Florestais

      Course taught at the Agroforestry System Graduate Program of the Federal University of Pará (UFPA) by Dr. Ricardo Figueiredo.

    • Dinâmica da Sucessão Secundária em Desmatamentos Novos e Antigos na Amazônia Lecture presented by Dr. Ima Vieira (MPEG) at the LBA Special Session during the VI Congresso de Ecologia do Brasil in Fortaleza, CE.
    • O papel das florestas secundárias na conservação da biodiversidade em paisagens agrícolas do leste do Pará

      Lecture presented by Dr. Ima Vieira (MPEG) at the "54o. Congresso Nacional de Botânica", in Belém, PA.

    • Agriculturas Familiares e Desenvolvimento Sustentável

      Course taught by Dr. Ima Vieira at NEAF/UFPA Graduate program in Pará, Belém, Brazil.

    2004  

    • A Amazônia no Contexto dos Ciclos da Água e do Carbono

      Seminar conducted by dr. Ricardo Figueiredo addressed to undergraduate students at the Federal University of Pará UFPA)in Santarém, PA, Brazil.

    • Agroecologia

      Course taught by Dr. Ima Vieira as part of the core curriculum of the Agriculturas Familiares Masters Program at NEAF, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Brazil.

    • Ecologia Vegetal

      Course taught by Dr. Ima Vieira, as part of the Graduate Program in Botanics of the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (MPEG) and the Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia (UFRA).

    • Análise da dinâmica de paisagem em florestas primárias e secundárias utilizando imagens Landsat - 1995 e 1999, no leste do Estado do Pará

      Poster presented by A. S. de Almeida, I. C. G. Vieira, T. A. Stone and E. A. Davidson in at the 6th Seminário de Atualização em Sensoriamento Remoto e Sistemas de Informações Geográficas Aplicados à Engenharia Florestal held in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

    • Oral communications presented at the 3rd LBA Science Conference held in Brasilia, July 2004:
      • Pasture degradation, secondary forest regrowth, and mature forest productivity: Do nutrients matter?, by Dr. Eric Davidson (Woods Hole Research Center - WHRC).
      • An integrated analysis of Ecology and Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics in Eastern Amazonia, by Dr. Ima Vieira (Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi - MPEG)
      • The chemistry of two streams draining kaolinitic soils, by Dr. Daniel Markewitz (University of Georgia, USA)
      • Stream water chemistry in three meso-scale hydrologic basins in Eastern Amazonian, by Dr. Ricardo Figueiredo (Universidade Federal do Pará-Belém - UFPA).

    ND-03  (Deegan / Victoria / Krusche / Ballester)

    2000  

    • Perspectiva de Cooperação Científica em Rondônia

      Workshop organized for students and faculty of University of Rondônia and the Lutheran University of Rondônia (ULBRA), in Ji-Paraná, July, 2000.

    • Concentrações de nutrientes em córregos depois de desmatamento para pastagem em Rondônia

      Lecture presented by Christopher Neill (Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, USA) at the workshop "Perspectiva de Cooperação Científica em Rondônia".

    2004  

    • Deforestation and the future of the Amazon

      This lecture was presented at Brown University Luce Scholars Program and at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) Science Journalism Program.

    • From soils to solutes to stream channels: how deforestation is altering Amazonian stream ecosystems

      Lecture presented at the Biology Department, Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa, USA.

    ND-04  (Fernandes / Wandelli)

    2002  

    • The Potential of Agroforestry Systems for the rehabilitation of abandoned pasture lands in the Brazilian Amazon

      Lecture taught by Erick Fernandes at the Brazilian and Latin American Agroforestry Congress held in Manaus.

    • Training in weather station maintenance and calibration, data quality control and neutron probe compliance was provided for EMBRAPA technicians.
    • Training in field methods

      Training in field methods was provided for EMBRAPA researchers and INPA Masters students which included:

      • root distribution and biomass estimates in agroforestry systems;
      • LAI (canopy analyzer) and soil water dynamics (neutron probe and TRIME TDR);
      • methods to estimate microbial biomass in soils;
      • methods to quantify mycorrhizal infection;
      • nodulation of pasture and agroforestry species.
    • Terrestrial Ecosystem Course

      This short course was taught to 15 Masters students at INPA.

    • The Potential of Agroforestry Systems for the rehabilitation of abandoned pasture lands in the Brazilian Amazon

      Lecture taught by Erick Fernandes at the Brazilian and Latin American Agroforestry Congress held in Manaus.

    ND-07  (Zepp / Bustamante)

    2001  

    • Microbial Ecology

      Short course taught by Alexandre Rosado (UFRJ) and Mercedes Bustamante (UnB), from July 23 to 27, 2001.

    2003  

    • Biogeochemical changes associated with the establishment and maintenance of agroecosystems

      This workshop, organized by Profs. Mercedes Bustamante and Jerry Melillo, was held at the University of Brasília in November 2-4, 2003. Results of the ND-07 group were presented by Richard Zepp, Marirosa Molina, Alexandre Pinto and Arminda Carvalho.

    2004  

    • Papers presented at the Third LBA Science Conference, held in Brasilia, Brazil, in July 2004:

      • NOx and CO Emissions from Cerrado Plant Litter by K. Kisselle, R. G. Zepp, R. A. Burke, and M. Molina;
      • Response of the Soil Microbial Community to Fertilization Practices in Agricultural and Native Cerrado Systems in Brazil, by M. Molina, M., L.T. Viana, M.C. Bustamante, and R.G. Zepp;
      • Effects of land use on soil microbial communities in the Cerrado region, by M. R. S. S. Silva, J. D. Bresolin, R. H. Krüger, M. M. C. Bustamante, and F. B. Reis Jr.;
      • Trace gas emissions from the soil related to land-use changes in the Cerrado region, by A.R.Kozovits, L.T. Viana, D.M. Sousa, M. M. C. Bustamante, and R. G. Zepp;
      • NO fluxes from savannas of Central Brazil (Cerrado) subjected to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization, by A.R.Kozovits, L.T. Viana, D.M. Sousa, A. S. Pinto, M. M. C. Bustamante, and R. G. Zepp;
      • NO and N2O emissions related to the nitrogen fertilization in a cornfield under no-tillage and tillage systems, by A.M.de Carvalho, M.M.C.Bustamante, A. R. Kozovits, D. M. Sousa, L. T. Viana, and L.N. de Miranda.
    • Oral communications presented at the 2nd Workshop on "Biogeochemical Changes Associated with Agroecosystems" held at the University of Brasilia, July 25th and 26th, 2004:
      • Trace gas emissions from crop areas in the Cerrado region, presented by Alessandra Kozovits;
      • Stable Carbon Isotope Ratio and Composition of Microbial Fatty Acids in Rondonia Pasture and Forest Soils, presented by Roger Burke.

    ND-08  (McNabb / Costa)

    2001  

    • Forest Regeneration Techniques

      Lecture taught by Ken Mc Nabb (Auburn University) to students at Faculdades de Ciências Agrárias do Pará (FCAP) in Santarém, Brazil.

    2002  

    • Training of FCAP Undergraduates

      At least 10 undergraduate forestry students at Faculdades de Ciências Agrárias do Pará (FCAP) were envolved in this science team research activities through field work and lab training.

    ND-09  (Richey / Victoria)

    2002  

    • Techniques of Field Sampling and Analysis

      Training in techniques of field sampling including studies about the biogeochemistry of river basis has been provided to students at UNIR and ULBRA in Ji-Paraná to increase their competitiveness for admission in Graduate programs.

      Nei Kavaguichi Leite is an example of this setup. After receiving training for a year in biogeochemistry, he was admitted at the CENA-USP Masters PRogram. Upon completion of his Masters, Kavaguichi will return to ULBRA, in Jip-Paraná to supervise the new chemistry laboratory installed in collaboration with UNIR.

    PC-02  (Pinker / Ceballos)

    2002  

    • Seminar about LBA for secondary-level science teachers in Ann Arundel County, MD, 7/19/01.

    SH-03  (Vorosmarty / Marengo)

    2002  

    • International workshops conducted at CPTEC and other sites.

    TG-02  (Guenther / Gatti)

    2002  

    • Outlining our LBA research

      Lecture presented to researchers and personnel at the Estação Cientifica Ferreira Penna in FLONA Caxiuaná by Dr. Peter Campbell Harley (National Center for Atmospheric Research - NCAR)

    TG-04  (Martens / Moraes / Victoria / Moreira )

    2002  

    • Radon-222 and Stable Carbon Isotope Tracing of Carbon Exchange and Trace Gas Fluxes in Old Growth and Selectively Logged Amazonian Forests

      This seminar, focusing on selective logging in Amazonia and tracing of carbon exchange, was presented at Federal University of Pará to approximately 60 students.

      The slide show was translated into Portuguese providing considerable amusement to the audience. The seminar was followed by over an hour of audience participation and discussion with many photo-opportunities ensued as the event adjourned.

      As a result of the strong interaction with the participants, several visits at UFPa and meetings with UFPa faculty and students were scheduled for discussions of individual research projects and teaching activities.

    • During 2002 additional invited seminars were given about LBA-ECO project at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, at the Carnegie Institute of Washington, and at Princeton University. All of these presentations included a brief description of the LBA-ECO program and the direct collaborations with Brazilians.

    2003  

    • Presentations at the University of Hawaii and UCN-Chapel HIll

      Dr. Christopher Martens (University of North Carolina - UNC) gave several presentations at the University of Hawaii and at UNC-Chapel Hill for dissemination and discussions of research results accomplished by this team. Presentations included a brief description of the LBA-ECO program and the direct collaborations among US and Brazilian scientists.

    TG-05  (Potter / Carvalho / Oliveira)

    1999  

    • CASA (Carnegie Ames Stanford Approach) modeling for the Amazon Region

      Lecture presented by Christopher Potter (NASA/ARC) for students and local scientific community at the Federal University of Pará (UFPa)in Santarém, Pará.

    2003  

    • Stream/river sampling protocols for the Tapajós area drainage

      Short training sessions lead by Marc Kramer (NASA/UCSC), Raimundo Cosme de Oliveira Jr. (EMBRAPA Amazônia Oriental) and Christopher Potter (NASA/ARC) at the LBA Training and Educational Sector in Santarém, Pará. /p>

    • Studies of Carbon Cycling in the Amazon Region

      Lecture presented by Christopher Potter (NASA/ARC) to LBA technicians and students with participation of students from local universities in Santarém, Pará. The event was held at the LBA Training and Education Setor, in Santarém, Pará.

    TG-07  (Keller / Oliveira)

    2000  

    • How Well Do We Know the Biomass of the Amazon Rain Forest?

      Course given at the Ecology Department of University of Brasilia, in 2000.

    • Ecological Modeling Workshop

      This two week course was taught by Michael Keller at CPTEC, in July 2000. There were about 30 participants.

    2001  

    • Phosphorus cycling in the FLONA Tapajós: Preliminary findings

      Lecture presented by McGroddy in Santarém, Pará.

    • Sampling of Coarse Woody Debris

      A two-day course and field training taught by Dr. Michael Keller at FLONA-Tapajós, Santarém. Pará.

    TG-09  (Trumbore / Perez / Camargo)

       

    • Introduction to Mass Spectrometry

      A short-course taught by Drs. Sue Trumbore and Tibisay Pérez at the Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research (IVIC).

    2001  

    • N2O Isotopic Composition Emitted from Tropical Rain Forest Soils

      Lecture taught by Dr. Tibisay Pérez at CENA-USP Graduate Program in August, 2001.

    • Isotopic Variability of N2O from Tropical Rain Forest Soils and Agricultural Field

      Lecture presented by Dr. Tibisay Pérez at IVIC, in June 2001.

     

    T & E Sector in Santarém, Pará, Brazil

    With LBA-ECO concentrating most of its research activities in Santarém, Pará, having 42 science teams working in the region since 1999, there was a large number of students participating in LBA-ECO research. This growing student community necessitated additional facilities and support for training.

    In 2002, the LBA Project Office coordinated with the LBA Operations Manager in Brazil the installation of the the LBA Training and Education Setor (T & E Sector) in order to create a working environment for academic discussions and improvement of interactions among the various LBA groups of students and researchers.

    The T & E Sector provided infra-structure and personnel to support the organization of seminars, lectures, short courses, working groups, and a number of academic related activities involving LBA researchers and students, as well as faculty and students from local universities. Activities are planned according to their research studies and complementary courses are also provided to improve their capabilities to pursue higher degrees in science education.

    On a regular basis, working groups from various science teams were organized for discussions of research studies, creating a stimulating environment for students to develop and improve their:

    • Scientific knowledge by interacting with participants from different scientific research teams;
    • Oral and written scientific communication skills;
    • Leadership skills;
    • Capacity to synthesize discussions in groups

    In 2005, the LBA T & E Sector facilities were transferred to the Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA) campus as a permanent contribution of LBA and LBA-ECO to the community of students, teachers and educators in the Santarém region. LBA-ECO provided financial and technical support for the complete restoration of an existing building at UFPA campus which received the T & E Sector facilities.

    The T & E Setor on UFPA campus has also been utilized as an additional resource for students engaged in the new Masters Program in Environmental Physics recently initiated at UFPA as a result of the cooperative interaction between LBA and UFPA.

     

    Community and Government Outreach

    Science team investigators have been invited to participate in forums to discuss LBA scientific findings and increase awareness of Amazonian environmental studies.

    Local Community and Government Outreach

    Team
    Year
    Completed
    Activity Description

    CD-03  (Fitzjarrald / Moraes)

    1998  

    • Introducing LBA-ECO

      Lecture addressed to the lay public, students and faculty at the Federal University of Pará, in Santarém, Brazil. It was presented by Dr. Otavio C. Acevedo, from the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Brazil.

    CD-05  (Nepstad / Klink / Moutinho)

    2003  

    • The US Embassador to Brazil visited the Rainfall Exclusion Experiment Projeto Seca Floresta

      This event was featured in the Brazilian prime time Globo Reporter TV show.

    • Projeto Seca Floresta

      Results of the Rainfall Exclusion Experiment were presented at a science fair in Santarém, Brazil, organized by the local board of education.

    • Lectures for the dissemination of LBA results were presented at:
      • The World Bank (Washington, DC)
      • Stanford University
      • University of California-Irvine
      • Packard Foundation
      • COP10 Meeting, Buenos Aires.

    2004  

    • Amazon Scenarios User Group Meeting

      This two-day workshop was convened in Lima, Peru, in May 2004, with 60 participants representing NGOs and science institutions from five Amazonian countries.

    CD-11  (Houghton / Alencar)

    2002  

    • Introduction to Ecology and Regional Land-Use Impact on Forests

      This course on environmental management was conducted in Alter do Chão, Santarém by IPAM, from Sept. 5th to 13th, 2002. It brought together 13 regional leaders to discuss environmental problems along the Cuiabá-Santarém corridor. One of its modules was taught at the LBA research site located on the Santarém-Cuiabá road, km 83.

      Field visits to forest fire plots were organized providing an excellent opportunity to explain the importance of the relationship between land use and forest fires, one of the major study areas of this group.

    2003  

    • The Problems of Forest Degradation by Logging and Fire: How some of these activities can be monitored using satellite data

      This lecture was presented to representatives of the Brazilian Ministry of Environment (MMA), IBAMA, and the Environment Secretary of the Amazonas State in visit to Manaus, in March 2003.

      It addressed major questions concerning forest degradation by logging and fire, and how some of these activities can be monitored using satellite data.

    • Deforestation and Forest Fragmentation

      Lecture presented at the Brazilian Ministry of Environment (MME) in Brasília, in June 2003.

    • Forest Fragmentation and Degradation by Logging and Fire in Western Pará

      This three-day workshop, held in Santarém, Pará, in October 2003, brought together representatives of INCRA, IBAMA, CDP, CEPLAC, EMATER and ADA to discuss the relation between logging and fire in the Santarém region.

    LC-01  (Walsh / Bilsborrow / Manosalvas)

    2003  

    • Settler Incomes and Welfare in the Amazon in 1999

      Lecture presented by R. E. Bilsborrow and B. Torres at the Ministry of Environment and the Instituto para el Ecodesarrollo Regional Amazónico (ECORAE), in Quito, Ecuador. It was also presented at a workshop organized for migrant colonist households and policy makers, in Lago Agrio, Coca, Ecuador.
       

    • LULC Dynamics in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon

      Lecture presented at The Ecuadorian Minister of Environment, in Quito, Ecuador, by S. J. Walsh and J. P. Messina.

    2004  

    • Symposium for Ecuadorian government officials, non-governmental organizations, university faculty and students:

      Richard E. Bilsborrow and Stephen J. Walsh presented research findings associated with the NASA Ecology-LBA Phase I and Phase II projects funded through the NASA Land Cover/Land Use Change Program. There were nearly 100 attendees.

      A CD-ROM was distributed containing selected project papers (abstracts translated into Spanish), data sets, and maps.

    LC-02  (Brown / Silveira / Esteves)

    2000  

    • Basic Concepts of GPS, Compass, and Satellite Imagery

      A 16-hr short course taught to firemen, army officers, and technicians of the Zoobotanical Park in Rio Branco, Acre, April 2000.

    • Basic Concepts of Search and Rescue in the Forest

      A 16-hr short course taught for firemen and technicians of Zoobotanical Park and Forest Police, in Rio Branco, Acre, in September 2000

    2001  

    • Basic Concepts of GPS, Mapping and Area Calculation

      This 20-hour course was offered to students and community members - rural producers and rubber tappers of extractive reserves - in the following locations in Acre, Brazil:

      • Epitaciolândia, (10 attendees)
      • Assis Brazil (12 attendees)
      • Brasilea and AMOREB (4 attendees)
      • Xapuri (10 attendees)

    2003  

    • Highway to the Pacific (and the Atlantic)

      Lecture presented by Dr. Irving Foster Brown to 40 elementary school teachers from Bolivia, Brazil and Peru. It was held in Assis Brasil, Acre, in April 2003.

    • Fire and its Environmental Impacts in Amazonia

      Lecture presented by Elsa Mendoza to 25 high school students in Rio Branco, Acre.

    2004  

    • 4th Trinational M.A.P. Initiative Meeting

      The word ‘MAP’ was coined in an LBA-sponsored meeting on land use in Acre in 2000. In September 2004, during the closing ceremony of the MAP IV Meeting, Dr. Irving Foster Brown received an award from the Peruvian organizers in recognition of his role in expanding this trinational effort for sustainable development. The MAP meetings have grown 40-fold in size during the period of 6 years of the LBA effort. In the IV Meeting there were 1,200 participants from 200 instutitons.

      During the MAP-IV Meeting, results of LBA research were presented in sessions on:

      • environmental conservation (hot pixel - deforestation)

      • economic activity (logging)
      • social equity (education)
    • The Secretary-General of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO) cites the MAP process as the model for Amazonian cooperation. Brown currently serves as the organizer of the MAP Scientific Committee and as an advisor to the regional planning group.

      In August 2004, the Presidents of Brazil, Bolivia and Peru cited MAP in a joint comunique:

      “We note with satisfaction the announcement of the fifth meeting of the MAP (Madre de Dios, Acre and Pando) Initiative, which constitutes an important regional force to strengthen a zone of frontier integration.”

      These efforts constitute a significant extension of regional scientific efforts to influencing national perceptions of land use in southwestern Amazonia.

    • Expansion of area for information exchange

      Scientific results on river basin and land-use analysis have been used to support the expansion of the MAP process to include the Ucayali Region of Peru, at the request of the government of Ucayali.

      The MAP+U area covers over 400,000 km2 and has over a million persons residing within this region. The LBA-Acre final effort will be to consolidate a scientific community in this region, linking it with the University of the Forest initiative.

    • Publication of articles in local newspapers in Acre, Brazil

      A set of five articles was published during the burning season of 2004 in two newpapers of largest circulation in Acre State.

      The articles reported on the results of hot pixel data analysis for the MAP Region as well as on sources of smoke that came from up to 1000 km distant from the region:

      • Smoke, from where is it coming?

        Irving Foster Brown, 2004a, Jornal "Página 20, Rio Branco, September, 14, 2004, page 14

      • They don’t burn like they used to

        Irving Foster Brown, 2004b, Jornal "Página 20", Rio Branco, October 22, 2004, page 14

      • Detection of fires in the MAP (Madre de Dios, Acre, Pando) Region.Parte III

        Irving Foster Brown and Diogo Selhorst, Jornal A Gazeta, September, 11, 2004, page 02

      • Detection of fires in the MAP (Madre de Dios, Acre, Pando) Region. Parte I

        Karla da Silva Rocha and Sumaia Vasconcelos, Jornal A Gazeta, August 14, 2004, page 02

      • Detection of fires in the MAP (Madre de Dios, Acre, Pando) Region . Parte II

        Diogo Selhorst and Nara Pantoja, Jornal A Gazeta, September 04, 2004, page 02

    • Declaration of Puerto Maldonado (MAP V) on Education without Frontiers in Support of Integration and Sustainable Development of the MAP Region

      Irving Foster Brown was primary author of the introduction of the MAP IV Initiative.

    • The LC-02 group in Acre, led by Dr. Irving Foster Brown (WHRC/UFAC), presented more than 20 lectures to approximately 2,000 people in Brazil, United States, Bolivia, and Peru. Audiences included ambassadors, government representatives, congressmen and politicians from the three countries, university faculty, loggers, small rural producers, teachers, and students.
    • Management of Trinational Acre River Basin in early implementation stage

      Studies of this research team about the evolution of land use in the frontier region of Brazil, Bolivia and Peru have been used to formulate public policy of five Brazilian municipalities in the region, which are now linked in a consortium called CONDIAC (Inter- municipal Development Consortium for the Upper Acre River and Capixaba, Brazil). This has been expanded to include five Peruvian municipalities that have now formed a consortium, AMFROMAD. A seven-institution, three-country MOU has been signed to serve as a basis of river basin management, and several proposals to support various components of this management have used results of this science team research as their fundamental scientific basis.

    • University, M.A.P, and the Future (M.A.P. stands for Madre de Dios-Peru, Acre-Brazil, Pando-Bolivia)

      This invited inaugural lecture was presented by Dr. Irving Foster Brown at the Amazonian University of Pando, in Cobija, Bolivia for about 100 attendees, including representatives of several Bolivian universities.

    • MAP and Sustainable Development

      Lecture presented by Dr. Irving Foster Brown and Silvia Brilhante in Rio Branco, Acre. Participants included Dr. Antonino Mena, the Brazilian Ambassador to Bolivia, and representatives of the Organization of the Treaty for Amazonian Cooperation (OTCA).

    • Meeting of the Trinational M.A.P. Initiative

      Under the leadership of Dr. Irving Foster Brown, the LBA group in Acre helped organize this meeting, which was attended by approximately 600 participants from 160 institutions.

      Results of LBA research were presented in sessions concerning:

      • environmental conservation (hot pixel, deforestation)
      • economic activity related to logging
      • social equity and education
    • MAP, a Place and a Process in the Corridor of Development of Southwestern Amazonia

      By request of Peruvian congressmen, Drs. Irving Foster Brown and Elsa Mendoza, along with Bolivian and Brazilian representatives, presented the results of the MAP-IV meeting at the Peruvian Congress during a seminar addressing the economic corridor linking Brazil and Peru.

      The final document resulted from the seminar cited the "MAP initiative" as a model for the establishment of priorities for the sustainable development of Southern Peru, a region of over nine million residents.

      There were about 400 participants, including political leaderships of Bolivia and Brazil.

    • The diffuse frontier in Amazonia and the implications of teleconnections that now affect the definition of territory in the region

      In November, 2003, Dr. Irving Foster Brown was an invited speaker in a workshop organized by the Ministério da Integração Nacional (MI) in Brasília, Brazil.

      At this workshop, results of LBA research and the experience of this group with the MAP initiative were discussed contributing to the definition of the scope of the National Plan for Territorial Management (PNOT) in discussion by the MI.

    • River Basin Management: a Proposal for the Upper Acre River

      This lecture was presented by Monica de Los Rios at a meeting held in Xapuri, Acre. There were 20 participants, including mayors and representatives of five municipalities.

    • LBA results used in defining a new model for Amazonian universities: The University of the Forest.

      By request of the Brazilian Congress, Dr. Foster Brown became part of a working group for the development of a new model for Amazonian universities which will include components of land use research supported by LBA.

      Congressmen from Acre have submitted a budgetary amendment of 60 million reais (20 million dollars) for infrastructural investments for this new model, called the University of the Forest.

      Brazilian Ministries of Science and Technology (MCT), Education( MEC), and the Environment (MME) have made commitments to support this initiative.

    • Trinational Management of the Upper Acre River Basin

      Lecture presented by Monica De Los Rios in Epitaciolandia, Acre, as part of the MAP-IV initiatives. There were about 200 persons in the meeting.

    • LCLUC on the Trinational Frontier of Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru: Implications for Sustainable Development in Amazonia

      This lecture was presented by Monica De Los Rios at the MAP-IV meeting held in Epitaciolandia, Acre. Approximately 180 people participated in the meeting.

    • Fire and its Environmental Impacts in Amazonia

      Lecture presented by Dr. Elsa Mendoza (IPAM) during a meeting organized by the Rural Workers Union in Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil. There were approximately 45 participants.

    • Territorial Administration on the Amazon Frontier: the Case of Acre and the MAP Region

      Lecture presented by Dr. Irving Foster Brown during the Workshop on the National Plan for Territorial Administration held in Brasília, DF. There were about 50 participants from academia and representatives of Brazilian ministries.

    • Hot Pixels, Their Spatial-Temporal Distribution and Implications for Fires in Acre Region

      Lecture presented by Diogo Selhorst, a Masters student at UFAC, at a meeting held in Rio Branco, Acre. Representatives of state and federal environmental agencies (IMAC and IBAMA) participated in the meeting.

    • MAP, a Process of Collaboration on the Trinational Frontier of Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru: Some Results

      Lecture presented by Dr. Irving Foster Brown, Monica De Los Rios, and Dr. Elsa Mendoza at a meeting in Puerto Maldonado, Peru with participation of the Universidad Nacional Amazonica de Madre de Dios (UNAMAD) and the Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco (UNSAAC).

      About 50 persons attended the meeting, including the President, Vice-Presidents and Coordinators of two Peruvian universities

    2005  

    • Inter-Oceanic Highway and Land Use

      This team is expanding the application of its research results of land-use for the trinational Acre River Basin to include the Interoceanic highway to the Pacific.

      The Brazilian and Peruvian governments have just initiated a 900- million-dollar project to pave this highway. The Acre State Government has asked this science team's help in designing how to mitigate adverse impacts of this construction and to participate in a regional planning approach.

    LC-03  (Dobson / Soares)

    2005  

    • Detailed analysis of deforestation patterns now part of PROAMBIENTE initiative in Acre

      A new Brazilian government program, PROAMBIENTE, is designed to pay small rural producers for maintainence of environmental services, chief among them forest cover. The LC-02 program of validation of deforestation estimates has now been expanded to include capacity building for local professionals and grass-roots leaders to measure forest cover in individual properties. This first analysis has been published in Saraiva et al. (2005).

    LC-05  (Laurance / Mesquita)

    2001  

    • Short course for Amazonian decision-makers

      It was a four-day intensive course designed for those whose jobs have a direct impact on the natural resources in the Amazon. It was held in Silves and Itacoatiara, Amazonian cities where development projects on eco-tourism and sustainable forestry are under way.

      Twenty professionals, representing governmental and non-governmental agencies from Amazonas, Pará, Acre, Roraima and Brasília, attended the course, in May 2001.

    • Dissemination of research findings to Brazilian and international public is a high priority for this science team. As a result of these efforts, in 2000 this team was awarded the prestigious Ford International Conservation Award for research on the dynamics of forest fragments conducted in collaboration with the "Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project (BDFFP) at The Smithonian Tropical Research Institute
    • Outreach activities has been achieved by:
      • many popular and semi-technical publications such as Laurence and Delamonica, 1998; Mesquita 1999; Williamson et al. 1999b; Laurence and Vasconcelos 2000; Delamonica et al. 2001; Laurence 2001c; Fernside at al., in press; Laurence et al.,in press Monaco et al., in press;
      • public seminars and guest lectures at many venues in Brazil;
      • frequent interviews with Brazilian and international newspapers, radio, and TV news programs;
      • invited testimony before the Brazilian Congress and state political bodies on the conservation and management of amazonian forests.

    ND-02  (Davidson / Stone / Markewitz / Carvalho / Sa / Vieira / Moutinho / Figueiredo)

    2002  

    • Floresta Nacional do Tapajós – o que está acontecendo?

      In this seminar, organized by IBAMA, Dr. Ricardo Figueiredo presented an overview of 16 LBA research projects developed at FLONA Tapajós. It was held at the Amazon Park Hotel in Santarém, Pará, Brazil.

    2004  

    • “You Can’t Eat GNP”, a book by Eric A. Davidson

      During a seminar held at the Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Comercial (SENAC) in São Paulo, Brazil, Dr. Eric A. Davidson discussed some topics of his book You Can't Eat GNP: Economics as Though Ecology Mattered published in 2000.

      In this book, Dr. Davidson explains linkages between economics and ecology in examples ranging from the present legacy of a 19th century cotton farmer in North Carolina to the future impacts of a modern day rancher’s decisions in the Amazon Basin. The author states that the interdependence of ecology and economics is being reflected in language. He shows that economists and ecologists are now communicating across disciplines in a new field called "ecological economics".

    ND-04  (Fernandes / Wandelli)

    2000  

    • The Prospects for Rehabilitation of Degraded and Abandoned Pasturelands in the Brazilian Amazon

      By request of Brazilian congressmen, this lecture was presented to the Câmara dos Deputados (Brazil's House of Deputies) in Brasilia, on August 16, 2000.

    ND-11  (Lehmann / Passos / Couto)

    2003  

    • Juruena ExpoAmbiente
      Science fair held in Jurena, Mato Grosso, Brazil, in June 2003

      Dr. Mark S. Johnson, from Cornell University, coordinated with LBA participants at the Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT) the organization of educational materials addressing carbon and nutrient fluxes for distribution to students and lay public during this event.

    • Presentations on environmental conservation and hands-on activities engaging elementary school students

      Dr. Ted Feldpausch (Cornell University) presented several talks to elementary school at the community center in Jurena, MT. Presentations focused on environmental conservation and activities developed in the Rohden managed forest and at the settlement Vale do Amanhacer. Students were engaged in hands-on activities organized in conjunction with Pro-nature, Juruena Prefeitura, and local schools. Participants planted trees in the new city park, partially destroyed by illegal fire.

    TG-07  (Keller / Oliveira)

    2001  

    • Effects of logging on the carbon and greenhouse gas fluxes in Amazonian forests

      Lecture presented by Dr. Michael Keller at the Federação das Indústrias de Mato Grosso (Mato Grosso Industrial Federation), in Cuiabá, Brazil, in August 2001.

     

    Information Dissemination in Popular Media

    Team
    Year
    Completed
    Activity Description

    CD-05  (Nepstad / Klink / Moutinho)

    1999  

      Dissemination of LBA results in popular media has been a high priority for this team. Major Brazilian and US magazines and newspapers published articles addressing crucial questions on environmental impacts and management of Amazonian resources based on scientific results produced by this team:

    • Folha de São Paulo, December 1999

      This major Brazilian newspaper featured a four-page story on the Rainfall Exclusion Experiment, a project conducted by this science team.

    2000  

    • Time Magazine, October 6, 2000

      This edition featured the cover story The Road to Disaster by Eugene Linden, in which he gives a detailed report on how highways in the Amazon help destroy the rain forest based on interviews with Daniel Nepstad.

    • Veja Magazine, November 22, 2000

      This highly circulated Brazilian magazine featured a cover story including a one page description of the Rainfall Exclusion Experiment, on November 22, 2000.

    • Folha de São Paulo, March 23, 2000

      This major Brazilian newspaper showed a cover page headline story describing an analysis of road effects on deforestation and burning produced by this science team.

    2002  

    • The Rainfall Exclusion Experiment on CBC

      This project was featured in David Suzuki’s CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) television program "The Nature of Things". The documentary was filmed in Brazil in December 2001.

    CD-06  (Richey / Victoria)

    2003  

    • Outgassing from Amazonian rivers and wetlands as a large tropical source of atmospheric CO2, Nature, 416, 617-620, 2002

      This article, by Drs. Jeffrey Richey, John Melack, Anthony Aufdenkampe, Maria Victoria Ballester, and Laura L. Hess, received extensive coverage on Brazilian and international press.

      In Brazil, it was featured in the following articles in major newspapers:
      • Rios da Amazônia são fonte de gás carbônico, published on Folha de São Paulo, in April 2002;
      • Gás Carbônico em Rios Amazônicos Surpreende Cientistas, published on O Estado de São Paulo, on April 11, 2002;
      In the international press:
      • Balancing the carbon features on the "Bangkok Post", on April 22, 2002;
      • On CNN, USA Today, and other popular news sources in the USA.

      The study was also featured in the article Escape from the Amazon, by Rebecca Lindsey, published in NASA publication The Earth Observatory Web Site.

    LC-04  (Foley / Costa)

    2003  

    • Ação Ambiental, a bi-monthly newsletter of the Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Brazil

      In 2002, Dr. Marcos H. Costa published an article on this science magazine featuring LBA research - its accomplishments and challenges.

    LC-07  (Melack / Novo / Forsberg)

    2000  

    • Video Magazine Journeys through Earth and Space

      In September 2000, ICESS hosted a video production team from the Earth and Space Sciences Project of NASA’s High Performance Computing and Communications Program (HPCC) at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.

      L. Hess was interviewed and filmed for a video magazine presented at the SC2000 Conference, 4-10 November 2000, in Dallas.

      NASA’s exhibit at the conference showcased science applications of supercomputing tools and facilities developed by NASA investigators. The JERS-1 Amazon mosaics, processed with the aid of the JPL supercomputing group headed by Dave Curkendall, and displayed on that group’s Digital Light Table, were one of three applications featured in the video.

      Hess explained the scientific significance of the mapping that is being carried out with the Amazon mosaics, and also contributed ground and aerial videography obtained during LBA field work. Predicted attendance at the conference was 5000 visitors.

    LC-13  (Asner / Silva )

    2002  

    • Interviews with regional and national television news stations

      This team gave a number of interviews about the project and its contribution to monitoring logging activities in eastern Amazon.

    ND-03  (Deegan / Victoria / Krusche / Ballester)

    2000  

    • "Scientists re-create dry season to learn why rainforests burn", The Boston Globe, February 15, 2000

      Linda Deegan and Christopher Neill (Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole Research Center, MA) sponsored a visit by two science journalists to Rondônia and Santarém resulting in this article, published on The Boston Globe, on February 15, 2000.

     

    Outreach to North America

    Team
    Year
    Completed
    Activity Description

    ND-01  (Roberts / Barreto / Soares)

    2003  

    • Brazil, land of many habitats and peoples

      Lecture presented by Dr. Roberts to 7th grade students as part of the activities of the 2003 National Geography Awareness Week, held in Denver, Colorado, USA.

    ND-02  (Davidson / Stone / Markewitz / Carvalho / Sa / Vieira / Moutinho / Figueiredo)

    2004  

    • Futures of Amazonia

      Lecture presented by Thomas Stone (Woods Hole Research Center) at Maine Audubon Headquarters, in Freeport, Maine, USA.

    ND-03  (Deegan / Victoria / Krusche / Ballester)

    2002  

    • Earth and Sky, a National Public Radio Science Program

      Christopher Neill (Marine Biological Laboratory) recorded three segments for this program that covered issues regarding methane emissions after forest clearing for pasture; nutrient movement from deforested lands to streams and the potential consequences for regional biogeochemistry of more intensive agriculture in the Amazon Basin.

    2004  

    • Amazon update

      Christopher Neill (Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, USA) was featured on the science program "Earth and Sky" of National Public Radio. He talked about the research and talked .

    ND-07  (Zepp / Bustamante)

    2001  

    • Emissions of Nitrous Oxide and Nitric Oxide from Soils of Native and Exotic Ecosystems of the Amazon and Cerrado Regions of Brazil"

      This paper, by Davidson, Eric A.; Bustamante, Mercedes M.C.; and de Siqueira Pinto, Alexandre, was published on "The Scientific World Journal, November 2001"

      Synopsis:

      Soils are important sources of atmospheric nitrous oxide and nitric oxide. Conversion of native tropical ecosystems to agriculture may change this source. Studies in the Amazon Basin indicate that some young cattle pastures have higher emissions than forests, but old pastures and secondary forests have lower emissions, thus decreasing Basin-wide emissions slightly. Fewer studies exist for the Cerrado (Brazilian savanna) region, but they also show either decreases or modest increases in emissions from agricultural soils.

    • Citation:

      Davidson, E.A., Bustamante, M.M.C., Pinto, A.S. Emissions of Nitrous Oxide and Nitric Oxide from Soils of Native and Exotic Ecosystems of the Amazon and Cerrado Regions of Brazil on The Scientific World Journal (S2:312-319) (2001)

     

    Educational Materials

    Team
    Year
    Completed
    Activity Description

    CD-06  (Richey / Victoria)

    2004  

    • Rivers Research Groups Web Site

      This website contains a variety of information about this science team activities, including educational and outreach materials.

    LC-01  (Walsh / Bilsborrow / Manosalvas)

    2002  

    • LBA research data have been incorporated into exercises and materials of core courses at the University of North Carolina:
      • Geography 191: Technical Issues in GIS
      • Geography 192: Applied GIS
      • Geography 303: Graduate Seminar in Population and Environment Interactions
      • Biostatistics 170: Demographic Techniques I
      • Geography 308: Graduate Seminar on Land Cover/Land Use Dyamics

    LC-02  (Brown / Silveira / Esteves)

    2004  

    • Curriculum Development

      As part of the MAP Initiative, a program on curriculum development involving over 300 rural students is underway in 15 Brazilian rural schools. The objective is to promote discussions with school educators for incorporation of aspects of land use mapping and research results produced by the LC-02 science team. Schools engaged in this programs are located in Assis Brasil, Brasiléia, and Epitaciolândia, in Acre.

    LC-04  (Foley / Costa)

    2003  

    • "Building a Portable Classroom: Teaching in the Amazon"

      In order to teach and overcome basic infrastructure problems for teaching and training in the Amazonian settings, this team developed a "portable classroom" system which is composed of 13 notebooks, a multimedia projector and other teaching devices that can be easily carried.

      The system has been used to teach the 40-hour course "Dynamics of the Environmental Systems" which focuses on the fundamentals of modeling on environmental systems using simple modeling tools.

      The course is organized in 6 modules:

      1. Introduction
      2. System Dynamics
      3. Biological System
      4. Carbon Cycle
      5. Climate System
      6. Hydrological System

      It also addresses major global environmental transitions and the equations that best represent the dynamic of the selected systems.

      Contact:Dr. Marcos Heil Costa (Universidade Federal de Viçosa)

    2004  

    • "The Atlas of the Biosphere"

      The Atlas of the Biosphere is an innovative online resource where students, educators, business leaders, and invironmental organizations can access and download state-of-the-art scientific data, images, and maps pertaining to human activities and the global environment.

      A new Atlas of Amazonia website (in Portuguese, Spanish and English), highlighting environmental information, is under development by this team.

    LC-05  (Laurance / Mesquita)

    2003  

    • Booklets: "Rainforest Ecology and Sustainable Use of Tropical Forests"A series of booklets is being produced in collaboration with educators of elementary and middle schools in the Manaus region involving participation of middle school students.

    LC-07  (Melack / Novo / Forsberg)

    2003  

    • CD-ROM: "Microwave and optical remote sensing of Amazonian wetlands: a multi-scale, multi-sensor approach to understanding wetland hydrology and ecology"

      This CD-Rom was produced for use in tutorials and courses taught by this science team. For information on its availabily, please, contact: Dr. Evelyn Novo

    LC-09  (Moran / Batistella)

    2003  

    • CD-ROM - "Sensoriamento Remoto: Aplicações para a Preservação, Conservação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável da Amazônia"

      This set of two CD-Roms (in Portuguese) contains an interactive program designed for remote sensing teaching and its applications to environmental studies for undergraduate students. Research experience conducted by LC-09 in Altamira was also included as one of the teaching modules.

      This material was produced by LBA-ECO researchers at the University of Indiana and at INPE:

      • Nelson W. Dias, Paul Mausel and Eduardo Brondizio (Indiana State University)
      • Getúlio T. Batista, Evlyn M. L. Novo, Telma Krug, and João Santos (Inpe)

      The set of CD-Rom was officially introduced to the Brazilian community during the XI Brazilian Remote Sensing Symposium, held in Belo Horizonte, MG, in April 2003.

      The website Sensoriamento Remoto: Aplicações para a Preservação, Conservação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável da Amazônia was developed to facilitate the CD evaluation, dissemination and distribution. It is also a source for additional related materials.

    LC-21  (Asner / Bustamante / Silva)

    2004  

    LC-23  (Morisette / Schroeder / Pereira)

    2003  

    • Research activities and educational materials

      Information on research activities and educational materials produced by this team was posted on the University of Maryland Geography Research Newsletter, including a project summary and a brief report of the October 2003 field campaign. They can be found at the Department of Geography at the University of Maryland website.

    ND-01  (Roberts / Barreto / Soares)

    2002  

    • "Fundamentals of Remote Sensing and Airphoto Interpretation"

      This book, published by Graydon Lennis L. Berlin and Thomas Eugene Avery, Prentice Hall Publishers, 6th Edition, contains contributions of this science team on modeling and remote sensing research.

    2004  

    • LAB Materials for Remote Sensing Short Course

      Drs. Dar Roberts (UCSB) and Carlos Moreira de Souza Jr.(IMAZON) developed lab materials for remote sensing short courses.

      General topics include:

      • Remote Sensing background
      • Examples of Land-Cover Change
      • Mixture Models
      • Decision Tree Classifiers

    PC-02  (Pinker / Ceballos)

    2002  

    • CD-ROM: "Shortwave radiation budget over the Amazon region"

      It includes LBA latest results on this subject.

     

     

     



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