Statement of Cooperative
Interactions: Nature of NASA Involvement in LBA-ECO Science Team
NASA is contributing ecological and
land cover and land use change research to the Brazil-led Large Scale
Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA); this research
contribution, or module, is called "LBA-ECO." The LBA-ECO
Project Office is led by the NASA-designated LBA-ECO Project Manager
and LBA-ECO Project Scientist. The LBA-ECO Project Office will
be responsible for overall scientific direction and coordination,
installation of field infrastructure, logistics support, support of
meetings, and development of a component of the LBA data and
information system. NASA will form the LBA-ECO Science Team to
be composed of scientists selected for participation in LBA-ECO.
The LBA-ECO Science Team will be led by the LBA-ECO Project Scientist.
The recipient Principal Investigator will become a member of the LBA-ECO
Science Team and the overall LBA Science Team and will be expected to
attend LBA and LBA-ECO Science Team meetings or to send an appropriate
representative from amongst his/her co-Investigators as well as ensure
that at least one of his/her host country counterparts attends.
Program Managers at NASA
Headquarters and LBA-ECO Project Office staff expect to interact
frequently with the recipient institution and Principal Investigator.
These interactions will occur at the regular LBA and LBA-ECO Science
Team meetings and will also involve frequent telephone and/or
electronic mail exchanges. The recipient Principal Investigator
will be expected to keep the LBA-ECO Project Office informed of
his/her major LBA-ECO plans and activities, including research travel.
The LBA-ECO Project Office will keep the recipient informed of major
Project developments, activities, plans, and schedules.
NASA will participate in the overall
design and direction of LBA-ECO, and, thus, influence the
recipient's research activities throughout the course of the LBA
Project. The recipient Principal Investigator, through his/her
membership on the LBA-ECO Science Team and as led by the LBA-ECO
Project Scientist, will be expected to participate in the development
of the scientific content, direction, and priorities within LBA-ECO.
The LBA-ECO Project Office will
provide certain common infrastructural and logistical support for the
LBA-ECO Science Team. The recipient Principal Investigator will
be expected to provide information on his/her requirements, as
requested, and to make cost-effective use of this support when
appropriate. The recipient Principal Investigator will be
expected to make systematic use of the web-based scheduling tools at
the LBA-ECO Project Office
to provide advance information on personnel, infrastructure support
requirements, travel schedules and accompaniment plans for scientific
fieldwork in Brazil so that the Brazilian LBA management, NASA
management, and other science team members may be accurately informed.
The recipient Principal Investigator will be responsible for keeping
this information up-to-date.
The LBA-ECO Project Office will
coordinate LBA-ECO participation in LBA Project-wide activities
(important examples are training and education and public outreach).
The recipient Principal Investigator will be expected to participate,
as requested and as appropriate to his/her role in LBA-ECO, in these
Brazil's Ministry of Science and
Technology (MCT) has established a data policy for LBA based on
recommendations from the LBA Science Team, established practices, and
the LBA Project data policy recommendations. NASA expects the
recipient Principal Investigator and all LBA-ECO investigators to
comply with all LBA data policies as well as established NASA data
policies and practices. All LBA researchers must
follow the national laws concerning export of all data gathered by
foreign researchers of the various Amazonian countries, notably
LBA data and publication policies
are as follows:
Data generated by LBA will become public domain and will be
permanently archived in Brazil. The LBA Data and Information System (DIS)
will provide tools for documenting, storing, searching and
distributing these data.
All LBA data should be available to all LBA researchers. Exceptions
may be made in the case of raw or preliminary data, for which
distribution can be restricted for a limited period of time.
There will be no periods of exclusive rights to publish LBA results.
Exceptions are possible for students where graduation requirements
prohibit publication of results prior to acceptance of a Thesis.
Individual investigators may make their own data more widely available
at any time. Outside investigators may be given access to these data
as soon as the data have been submitted to the LBA DIS, with some
prudent time period for quality control.
Each LBA module is responsible for establishing a time schedule for
data exchange within the projects and data delivery to the LBA DIS.
The time limit for data delivery to the LBA-DIS will be no more than
Data should be analyzed cooperatively by all scientists involved in
obtaining them. Especially cooperation across disciplines and among
South American, European and North American researchers should be
encouraged. Publications resulting from work under LBA should be
co-authored by all scientists who have participated substantially in
the work, unless some participants choose not to be on the authors'
list. The same applies to presentations at meetings. Special
effort by each non-South American researcher should be put into
integration of South American researchers in their work and in the
publication of the results.
Where data are used for modeling or integrating studies, the scientist
collecting the data will be credited appropriately, either by co-authorship
or by citation. Investigators using data provided by another
investigator as a substantial component of a paper should offer the
originating investigator co-authorship. In cases where data from other
investigators are a minor contribution to a paper, the data should be
referenced by a citation. Users of the data will always have to state
the source of the data.
Specific constraints for certain data sources (e.g., satellite
products, global meteorological analysis, etc.) may be subject to
copyright restrictions which are more limiting than this LBA data
policy. It is up to the LBA Organizing and Implementation Committee (OIC)
or their designee to take the first steps in making contacts with
officials and institutions in order to prepare specific agreements
that will allow LBA scientists to use the data.
conflicts do occur, they should be resolved at the level of the LBA
NASA has entered into an official
agreement in support of LBA-ECO, the "Implementing Arrangement
between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the
Government of the United States for Cooperation on Ecological Research
in the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA)"
signed on 17 December 1998. This agreement covers compliance
with host country laws, regulations, and procedures for foreign
expeditions, as well as intellectual property rights and liability
protections. NASA expects the recipient to comply with its
Plans for LBA-ECO have been outlined
in the Experiment Plan, developed by NASA and the Brazilian Space
Research Institute (INPE). INPE, under the oversight of MCT, is
responsible for LBA within Brazil. NASA and INPE are the
Executing Agencies designated by the Brazil-U.S. Implementing
Arrangement. Recipient investigators are expected to keep INPE
informed, through the LBA-ECO Project Office, of any changes in their
investigation plans, particularly of any additions of field sites,
changes in team membership, or changes in field research travel
itineraries. Some of these changes will need to be reviewed and
approved by NASA and/or MCT, and investigators should expect to plan
accordingly. Investigators will be expected to ensure their
investigation is in compliance with the Brazilian law that requires
that foreign nationals be accompanied by a recognized representative
of their Brazilian counterpart institution(s) to field research sites
within Brazil. This is a responsibility of the Brazilian
counterpart and his/her institution, but full cooperation is expected
on the part of NASA-sponsored investigators from U.S. institutions.
NASA will provide guidance on safety
and logistical procedures. The recipient will be expected to
comply with all such applicable procedures.