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Principal Investigators:

Plínio Barbosa de Camargo, USP - Universidade de Sao Paulo (SA-PI)
Susan E. Trumbore, University of California (US-PI)

 

Abstract 2003:  Carbon Dynamics in Vegetation and Soils Along the Eastern LBA Transect (View)

 
Resumo 2003:  Dinâmica do Carbono na Vegetação e Solos ao longo do Corte de amostragem Leste

 

Abstract 1998:  Carbon Dynamics in Vegetation and Soils Along the Eastern LBA Transect (View)

 

Resumo 1998:  Dinâmica do Carbono na Vegetação e Solos ao longo do Corte de amostragem Leste

 

LBA-ECO 2002 Business Meeting Poster: 

view/download poster

 

Investigation Duration:   07/1998 - 12/2005

 

CD-34 is a successor to investigation CD-08.

 

Participants:

Vanessa P. S. Almeida, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Irving Foster Brown, WHRC - Woods Hole Research Center
Plínio Barbosa de Camargo, SA-PI, USP - Universidade de Sao Paulo
Jeffrey Q. Chambers, Co-Investigator, Tulane University
Jadson Dezincourt Dias, CENA
Cristina Aledi Felsemburgh, CENA/USP
Niro Higuchi, INPA - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas na Amazonia
Francoise Ishida, INPA-AM
Luciene L Lara, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de São Paulo
Aracely Liberal Lopes, Universidade Federal do Para
Luiz Antonio Martinelli, Co-Investigator, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Antonio Willian Flores de Melo, Universidade Federal do Acre
Erika Miranda, INPA - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas na Amazonia
Marcelo Zacharias Moreira, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Cristiane Mary Nunes do Nascimento, Universidade Federal do Pará
Tibisay Josefina Perez Acosta, Co-Investigator, University of California
Alberto C.M. Pinto, INPA - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas na Amazonia
Rosana Rocha, INPA - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas na Amazonia
Joaquim dos Santos, INPA-Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
Guaciara dos Santos, University of California Irvine - Earth System Science, School of Physical Sciences
Diogo Selhorst, UFAC - Universidade Federal do Acre
Roseana P. da Silva, INPA - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas na Amazonia
Chieno Suemitzu, UFPA
Liliane Martins Teixeira, INPA - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas na Amazonia
Everaldo de Carvalho Conceicao Telles, UnB - Universidade de Brasília
Edgard Siza Tribuzy, INPA - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas na Amazonia
Susan E. Trumbore, US-PI, University of California
Simone Vieira, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)

 

Research Sites:

Acre

Amazonas (Manaus) Brasília Pará Eastern (Belém) Pará Western (Santarém)

 

Training and Education Activities - Accomplished:

Formal Training:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2001  

  • Bianca Felix
    CNPq/LBA/RHAE grantee and a technician at INPA. She has worked on chemical analyses of soil.

  • Patrícia da Silva Gomes
    Undergraduate student at INPA. She was granted a CNPq/PIBIC/Inpa scholarship to study Densidade de madeira e taxas de crescimento nas parcelas permanentes da reserva florestal ZF-2.

    The study focused on the relationship between wood density and tree growth rates for 60 species on permanent inventory plots at the Biological Dynamics of Forests Fragments Project of the Smithsonian Institution. Gomes found a negative relationship between average wood density and growth rates for these species.

  • Elder Campos
    UFPA-Santarém undergraduate student. He was granted a CNPq/LBA/RHAE scholarship to work on the growth band measurements and its relation to seasonal climate.

  • Kleber Portilho
    UFPA undergraduate student in Santarém and a CNPq/LBA/RHAE grantee. He worked on litter composition and C/N content at the LBA research site located on the Santarém-Cuiabá (km 69) Road, under the supervision of Dr. Jeffrey Chambers (University of California-Irvine/Inpa).

  • Erika Viera de Miranda
    Masters student at INPA and a CNPq/LBA grantee. She worked under the supervision of Dr. Jeff Chambers (University of California-Irvine/Inpa, on the daily changes on stem diameter using high precision linear gauge sensors.

    The study verified the relation of these changes to daily variability in photosynthetically active radiation, volumetric stem water content, and leaf water potential.

  • Ligia Cristina Toledo
    Masters student at INPA and a CNPq/LBA grantee working under the supervision of Dr. Jeffrey Chambers(UC-Irvine/Inpa). Her studies focuses on how respiration from coarse and fine litter responds to seasonal changes in precipitation. This project also includes quantifying daily changes in litter moisture content.

  • Liliane Martins Teixeira
    Masters student at INPA and a NASA/CNPq grantee. She worked under the supervision of Dr. Jeffrey Chambers (University of California-Irvine/Inpa).

    This study focused on how woody tissue respiration has responded to varying logging intensity at the biomass and nutrient experiment (BIONTE) permanent plots. It will also quantify how carbon balance differs for low, medium, and high intensity logging treatments.

2003  

  • Enir Salazar da Costa
    Worked on C dynamics of leaves and roots in primary tropical forest and the role of these as sources of soil respiration. She also focused on how land management changes cycling of C and N near Santarém.

  • Simone Aparecida Vieira
    Ph.D. student funded by FAPESP. She worked on the comparison of tree growth rates and forest age structure in Acre, Manaus and Santarém using permanent plot, dendrometer, and radiocarbon analyses.

  • Roseana Pereira da Silva
    Masters student funded by CNPq at INPA working on Padrões de crescimento de árvores que ocorrem em diferentes toposseqüências na região de Manaus. The study focuses on monthly changes in tree grow rates using dendrometer bands for trees in three size classes equally distributed among plateau, slope, and valley forests.

2005  

  • Edgard Tribuzy was admitted to the CENA-USP Doctorate program and passed the qualifying examination.

Internship and Exchange Programs:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2001  

  • Brazilian Doctoral Candidate at the University of California-Irvine, USA

    Enir Salazar da Costa, a Brazilian student funded by NASA, engaged in a doctoral program at the University of California-Irvine. Her studies focus on The C dynamics of leaves and roots in primary tropical forest and the role of these as sources of soil respiration and on Land Management Changes Cycling of C and N in the Santarém Region.

Short Courses / Seminars / Workshops / Conferences:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2001  

  • Isotopes in Ecology

    Short course taught by Drs. Susan Trumbore and Plínio Camargo at the Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC), in Rio Branco, Brazil.

  • Radiocarbon and Stable Isotopes in Ecological Studies

    Course taught by Drs. Susan Trumbore and Tibisay J. Pérez (University of California-Irvine, USA) at the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), in Caracas, Venezuela.

2003  

  • Course on Stable Isotopes

    Short course, taught by Dr. Plínio Camargo (CENA-USP), was taught to LBA students in Santarém, PA, Brazil. The course was open to students from local universities.

2004  

  • Radiocarbon in Ecology on Earth System Science

    This series of short courses were initiated by Dr. Trumbore and will be offered yearly at the University of California-Irvine.

  • Carbon Cycle

    Short course taught to LBA students at the LBA Training and Education Sector in Santarém by Dr. Plínio Camargo (CENA-USP). The course was open to local community and students from local universities - UFPA, FIT and ULBRA.

Theses and Dissertations:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2001  

  • Carbon and nitrogen stocks and isotopic signature in soils from Santarém and Manaus with focus on spatial variability, topography, and C dynamics in soils of different texture

    Doctoral dissertation in progress at CENA-USP by Everaldo de Carvalho Conceição, a FAPESP grantee. The dissertation is expected to be completed in April 2002.

2002  

  • Studies of growth rates of several species using dendrometry bands

    This Masters thesis focuses on monthly changes in tree growth rates using dendrometer bands for trees in three size classes equally distributed among plateau, slope, and valley forests. The study has been conducted by Roseana Pereira da Silva, a CNPq/LBA/RHAE grantee working at Inpa under the supervision of Dr. Jeff Chambers. The student is a CNPq/LBA/RHAE grantee.

  • Dinâmica do carbono no solo influenciada pela textura, drenagem, mineralogia e carvões em florestas primárias na região centro-oriental da Amazônia

    Doctoral dissertation completed by Everaldo de Carvalho Conceição Telles at CENA-USP, Piracicaba, Brazil, under the supervision of Dr. Luiz Antonio Martinelli.

2003  

  • Mudanças globais e taxa de crecimento arbóreo na Amazônia

    Doctoral dissertation completed by Simone A. Vieira at CENA-USP, Brazil.

2004  

  • Avaliação do estoque e composição isotópica do carbono do solo no Acre

    Masters Thesis completed by Antonio Willian Flores de Melo at CENA-USP, Brazil.

  • Efeito da umidade na respiração de serrapilheira grossa e fina em uma floresta tropical de terra-firme da Amazônia Central

    Masters Thesis completed by Lígia Cristina Toledo, under the supervision of Dr. Jeffrey Chambers (University of California-Irvine/Inpa), at Inpa, Manaus, Brazil.

2005  

  • Longevidade e crescimento de árvores tropicais: subsídios para o manejo florestal

    Diogo Selhorst, a SETEM student at the Federal University of Acre, completed this Masters thesis at CENA-USP in May 2005. He worked under the supervision of Dr. Marcos Silveira (UFAC) and co-supervision of Drs. Simone Vieira and Plinio Camargo (CENA-USP).

 
 

Scheduled STI Site Visits:   more

 

Datasets/Posters Available as of 2014-04-02

Datasets (with related publications, if any)

LBA-ECO CD-08 Avaliation of Stock and Isotopic Composition of Soil Carbon in State of Acre, Brazil (Dissertation)

LBA-ECO CD-08 Carbon Isotopes in Belowground Carbon Pools, Amazonas and Para, Brazil

  1. Brando, P.M., D.C. Nepstad, E.A. Davidson, S.E. Trumbore, D. Ray, and P. Camargo. 2008. Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbon cycling in an Amazon forest: results of a throughfall reduction experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 363(1498):1839-1848.
  2. Davidson, E.A. and S.E. Trumbore. 1995. Gas diffusivity and production of CO2 in deep soils of the eastern Amazon, Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology 47B(5): 550-565.
  3. Telles, E.D.C., P.B. de Camargo, L.A. Martinelli, S.E. Trumbore, E.S. da Costa, J. Santos, N. Higuchi, and R.C. Oliveira. 2003. Influence of soil texture on carbon dynamics and storage potential in tropical forest soils of Amazonia. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(2):1040, 2003 May 2.
  4. Trumbore, S., E.S. da Costa, D.C. Nepstad, P.B. de Camargo, L.I.Z.A. Martinelli, D. Ray, T. Restom, and W. Silver. 2006. Dynamics of fine root carbon in Amazonian tropical ecosystems and the contribution of roots to soil respiration. Global Change Biology 12(2):217-229.
  5. de Camargo, P.B., S.E. Trumbore, L.A. Martinelli, E.A. Davidson, D.C. Nepstad, and R.L. Victoria. (1999) Soil carbon dynamics in regrowing forest of eastern Amazonia. Global Change Biology 5(6):693-702
LBA-ECO CD-08 Coarse Wood Litter Respiration and Decomposition, Manaus, Brazil

  1. Chambers, J.Q., E.S. Tribuzy, L.C. Toledo, B.F. Crispim, N. Higuchi, J. dos Santos, A.C. Araujo, B. Kruijt, A.D. Nobre, and S.E. Trumbore. 2004. Respiration from a tropical forest ecosystem: Partitioning of sources and low carbon use efficiency. Ecological Applications 14(4):S72.
  2. Chambers, J.Q., J.P. Schimel, and A.D. Nobre. 2001. Respiration from coarse wood litter in central Amazon forests. Biogeochemistry 52(2):115-131.
  3. Chambers, J.Q., N. Higuchi, J.P. Schimel, L.V. Ferreira, and J.M. Melack. (2000) Decomposition and carbon cycling of dead trees in tropical forests of the central Amazon. Oecologia 122(3):380-388.
LBA-ECO CD-08 Daily Precipitation in Manaus ZF-2 from 1998-1999 (LBA)

  1. Vieira, SA (2003) Mudanças globais e tasa de crescimento arbóreo na Amazonia. Tese, CENA/USP, Piracicaba
LBA-ECO CD-08 Forest structure in Amazon forest

  1. Vieira, S., P.B. de Camargo, D. Selhorst, R. Da Silva, L. Hutyra, J.Q. Chambers, I.F. Brown, N. Higuchi, J. dos Santos, S.C. Wofsy, S.E. Trumbore, and L.A. Martinelli. (2004) Forest structure and carbon dynamics in Amazonian tropical rain forests. Oecologia 140(3):468-479.
LBA-ECO CD-08 Global Change and Tree Growth Rates in the Amazon Forest (Thesis)

  1. Vieira, S., P.B. de Camargo, D. Selhorst, R. Da Silva, L. Hutyra, J.Q. Chambers, I.F. Brown, N. Higuchi, J. dos Santos, S.C. Wofsy, S.E. Trumbore, and L.A. Martinelli. 2004. Forest structure and carbon dynamics in Amazonian tropical rain forests. Oecologia 140(3):468-479.
LBA-ECO CD-08 Leaf Carbon Isotopes Data for Manaus ZF2, Brazil: 2001

LBA-ECO CD-08 Radiocarbon Dates for Large Trees from a Forest near Manaus, Brazil

  1. Chambers, J.Q. The importance of tree age structure in Amazon rain forests. 2001. In: Lessons from Amazonia (R. Bierregaard, C. Gascon, A.A. dos Santos and T. Lovejoy, Eds.) Yale University Press, pp 68-78.
  2. Chambers, J.Q., N. Higuchi, and J.P. Schimel. 1998. Ancient trees in Amazonia. Nature 391(6663):135-136.
LBA-ECO CD-08 Radiocarbon Dating of Tree Ages in Amazonas, Acre, and Para in Brazil

  1. Vieira, S., S. Trumbore, P.B. Camargo, D. Selhorst, J.Q. Chambers, N. Higuchi, and L.A. Martinelli. 2005. Slow growth rates of Amazonian trees: Consequences for carbon cycling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(51):18502-18507.
LBA-ECO CD-08 Radon Profiles in Soil at the Tapajos Forest

LBA-ECO CD-08 Soil Gas Isotopes Measured in Brasilia

LBA-ECO CD-08 Tree Diameter Measurements, Jacaranda Plots, Manaus, Brazil: 1999-2001

  1. da Silva, R.P., J. dos Santos, E.S. Tribuzy, J.Q. Chambers, S. Nakamura, and N. Higuchi. 2002. Diameter increment and growth patterns for individual tree growing in Central Amazon, Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management 166(1-3):295-301.
LBA-ECO CD-08 Tree Inventory Data, Ducke Reserve, Manaus, Brazil: 1999

  1. Chambers, J.Q., J. dos Santos, R.J. Ribeiro, and N. Higuchi. 2000. Tree damage, allometric relationships, and above-ground net primary production in central Amazon forest. Forest Ecology and Management 5348:1-12.
LBA-ECO CD-08 Tropical Forest Ecosystem Respiration, Manaus, Brazil

  1. Chambers, J.Q., E.S. Tribuzy, L.C. Toledo, B.F. Crispim, N. Higuchi, J. dos Santos, A.C. Araujo, B. Kruijt, A.D. Nobre, and S.E. Trumbore. 2004. Respiration from a tropical forest ecosystem: Partitioning of sources and low carbon use efficiency. Ecological Applications 14(4):S72.


 

Publications:

Chambers JQ, Higuchi N, Schimel JP. (1998) Ancient trees in Amazonia. Nature, 391, 135-136.

Chambers JQ, Trumbore SE. An age-old problem. Trends in Plant Science 4(10), 385-386. 1999.

de Camargo PB, Trumbore SE, Martinelli LA, Davidson EA, Nepstad DC, Victoria RL. (1999) Soil carbon dynamics in regrowing forest of eastern Amazonia. Global Change Biology, 5, 693-702. (abstract)

Chambers JQ, dos Santos J, Ribeiro RJ, Higuchi N. (2000) Tree damage, allometric relationships, and above-ground net primary production in central Amazon forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 5348, 1-12.

Chambers JQ, Higuchi N, Schimel JP, Ferreira LV, Melack JM. (2000) Decomposition and carbon cycling of dead trees in tropical forests of the central Amazon. Oecologia, 122, 380-388. (abstract)

Chambers JQ. The importance of tree age structure in Amazon rain forests, in Lessons from Amazonia, edited by Bierregaard RO, Gascon C, dos Santos AA and Lovejoy TE, pp. 68-78, Yale University Press, 2001.

Chambers JQ, Higuchi N, Tribuzy ES, Trumbore SE. (2001) Carbon sink for a century. Nature, 410, 429.

Chambers JQ, Schimel JP, Nobre AD. (2001) Respiration from coarse wood litter in central Amazon forests. Biogeochemistry, 52, 115-131. (abstract)

da Silva RP, dos Santos J, Tribuzy ES, Chambers JQ, Nakamura S, Higuchi N. (2002) Diameter increment and growth patterns for individual tree growing in Central Amazon, Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management, 166, 295-301. (abstract)

Silva RPd, Nakamura S, de Azevedo CP, Chambers JQ, Rocha RdM, Pinto ACM, dos Santos J, Higuchi N. (2003) Use of band dendrometers in the definition of individual growth patterns in diameter of trees of the Rio Cuieras Basin (published in portuguese). Acta Amazonica, 33, 67-84.

Telles EDC, de Camargo PB, Martinelli LA, Trumbore SE, da Costa ES, Santos J, Higuchi N, Oliveira RC. (2003) Influence of soil texture on carbon dynamics and storage potential in tropical forest soils of Amazonia. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17. (abstract)

Chambers JQ, Silver WL. (2004) Some aspects of ecophysiological and biogeochemical responses of tropical forests to atmospheric change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 359, 463-476. (abstract)

Chambers JQ, Tribuzy ES, Toledo LC, Crispim BF, Higuchi N, dos Santos J, Araujo AC, Kruijt B, Nobre AD, Trumbore SE. (2004) Respiration from a tropical forest ecosystem: Partitioning of sources and low carbon use efficiency. Ecological Applications, 14, 72-88. (abstract)

Vieira S, de Camargo PB, Selhorst D, Da Silva R, Hutyra L, Chambers JQ, Brown IF, Higuchi N, dos Santos J, Wofsy SC, Trumbore SE, Martinelli LA. (2004) Forest structure and carbon dynamics in Amazonian tropical rain forests. Oecologia, 140, 468-479. (abstract)

Vieira S, Trumbore S, Camargo PB, Selhorst D, Chambers JQ, Higuchi N, Martinelli LA. (2005) Slow growth rates of Amazonian trees: Consequences for carbon cycling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 18502-18507.

Trumbore S, da Costa ES, Nepstad DC, de Camargo PB, Martinelli LIZA, Ray D, Restom T, Silver W. (2006) Dynamics of fine root carbon in Amazonian tropical ecosystems and the contribution of roots to soil respiration. Global Change Biology, 12, 217-229.

*Brando PM, Nepstad DC, Davidson EA, Trumbore SE, Ray D, Carmargo P. (2008) Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbn cycling in an Amazon forest: results of a throughfall reduction experiment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, .

Negron-Juarez RI, Chambers JQ, Guimaraes G, Zeng HC, Raupp CFM, Marra DM, Ribeiro GHPM, Saatchi SS, Nelson BW, Higuchi N. (2010) Widespread Amazon forest tree mortality from a single cross-basin squall line event. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. (abstract)

 

Matrix of Publications-Datasets:  more

 

Science Questions:

Carbon Dynamics:

        CD-Q1 - What is the (climatically driven) seasonal and interannual variability of the carbon dioxide flux between the atmosphere and different land cover/use types?
        CD-Q2 - How do biological processes such as mortality and recruitment or succession following land use change influence the net annual carbon balance for different land cover and land use types?
        CD-Q3a - How do pools and fluxes of carbon and nutrients (in soils) of pasture/cropland change over time and what factors determine carbon gain or loss?
        CD-Q3b - How does selective logging change the storage and cycling of carbon in forests?

Trace Gas and Aerosol Flux:

        TG-Q2 - What is the (climatically driven) seasonal and inter-annual variability of trace gas and aerosol fluxes between the atmosphere and different land use and land cover types?
 
 
 
 
 
 

Other Research Teams:

CD-01  -  CD-02  -  CD-03  -  CD-04  -  CD-05  -  CD-06  -  CD-07  -  CD-09  -  CD-10  -  
CD-11  -  CD-12  -  CD-14  -  CD-15  -  CD-17  -  CD-18  -  CD-30  -  CD-31  -  CD-32  -  
CD-33  -  CD-34  -  CD-35  -  CD-36  -  CD-37  -  CD-40  -  CD-41  -  LC-01  -  LC-02  -  
LC-03  -  LC-04  -  LC-05  -  LC-06  -  LC-07  -  LC-08  -  LC-09  -  LC-10  -  LC-11  -  
LC-12  -  LC-13  -  LC-14  -  LC-15  -  LC-16  -  LC-21  -  LC-22  -  LC-23  -  LC-24  -  
LC-30  -  LC-31  -  LC-32  -  LC-33  -  LC-34  -  LC-35  -  LC-36  -  LC-37  -  LC-38  -  
LC-39  -  ND-01  -  ND-02  -  ND-03  -  ND-04  -  ND-06  -  ND-07  -  ND-08  -  ND-09  -  
ND-10  -  ND-11  -  ND-30  -  ND-31  -  PC-30  -  TG-01  -  TG-02  -  TG-03  -  TG-04  -  
TG-05  -  TG-06  -  TG-07  -  TG-08  -  TG-09  -  TG-10  -  TG-30  -  TG-31  -  TG-32

 


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