NOTICE -- The LBA-ECO Project website is no longer being supported.  This archive is a snapshot, as it existed in 2013, of the LBA-ECO website, maintained by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and now archived at the ORNL DAAC.  Links to external websites may be inactive. Final data products from the LBA project can be found at the ORNL DAAC.
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Investigations
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  Folha Amazônica
 
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Principal Investigators:

Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP) (SA-PI)
Linda Ann Deegan, Marine Biological Laboratory (US-PI)
Alex Krusche, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP) (SA-PI)
Reynaldo Luiz Victoria, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP) (SA-PI)

 

Abstract 2003:  Key Connections in Amazonian Stream Corridors (View)

 
Resumo 2003:  Conecções-Chave entre os Corredores de Água Amazônicos

 

Abstract 1998:  Linking Soil Biogeochemistry to Surface Water Chemistry in Small Drainage Basins of the Amazon (View)

 

Resumo 1998:  Relacionando a Biogeoquímica dos Solos com a Química das Águas Superficiais em Bacias Amazônicas de Pequena Drenagem

 

LBA-ECO 2002 Business Meeting Poster: 

view/download poster

 

Investigation Duration:   07/1998 - 01/2007

 

ND-31 is a successor to investigation ND-03.

 

Participants:

Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester, SA-PI, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Frauke Barthold, University of Potsdam
Marcos Alexandre Bolson, Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura - CENA/USP
Nilton Bonelle, ULBRA Ji -Paraná
Adriana Lucia Castellanos Bonilla, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Luiz Fernando Charbel, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Joaquin Ernesto Chaves, Marine Biological Laboratory
Linda Ann Deegan, US-PI, Marine Biological Laboratory
Helmut Elsenbeer, University of Potsdam, Institute of Geoecology
Manuel Enrique Gamero Guandique, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho-Unesp
Sonja Germer, Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities
Alaide Aparecida Fonseca Gessner, Co-Investigator, Universidade Federal de São Carlos-UFSCAR
Sérgio Candido Gouveia Neto, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Rosina Grimm, University of Potsdam
Christie Lynn Haupert, Marine Biological Laboratory
Juan Carlos Huamani, SENAMHI - Regional Direction of San Martin
Mark Stephen Johnson, University of British Columbia
Alex Krusche, SA-PI, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Samantha Morris Lampert, Marine Biological Laboratory
Nei Leite, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Luiz Antonio Martinelli, Co-Investigator, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Rodrigo Menuzzo, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Jorge Marcos de Moraes, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Christopher Neill, Co-Investigator, Marine Biological Laboratory
Ana Christina Belarmino de Oliveira
Jean Pierre Ometto, Co-Investigator, INPE-CST/IGBP
Ariveltom Cosme Silva, UNIR - Universidade Federal de Rondônia
Jonismar Silva, LBA
Kathia Sonoda, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Suzanne Michelle Thomas, Co-Investigator, Marine Biological Laboratory
Reynaldo Luiz Victoria, SA-PI, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Daniel de Castro Victoria, CENA - Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (USP)
Lisa Werther, University of Potsdam

 

Research Sites:

Pará Western (Santarém)

Rondonia

 

Training and Education Activities - Accomplished:

Information Dissemination in Popular Media:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2000  

  • "Scientists re-create dry season to learn why rainforests burn", The Boston Globe, February 15, 2000

    Linda Deegan and Christopher Neill (Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole Research Center, MA) sponsored a visit by two science journalists to Rondônia and Santarém resulting in this article, published on The Boston Globe, on February 15, 2000.

Internship and Exchange Programs:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2004  

  • Field and laboratory training between US and European institutions

    Field and laboratory training was provided in exchange programs for the following students of US and European institutions:

    • Samantha Lampert (Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, USA)
    • Sonya Remmington (University of Washington, USA)
    • Sonja Germer (Institute of Geoecology, University of Potsdam, Germany)

Outreach to North America/Europe:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2002  

  • Earth and Sky, a National Public Radio Science Program

    Christopher Neill (Marine Biological Laboratory) recorded three segments for this program that covered issues regarding methane emissions after forest clearing for pasture; nutrient movement from deforested lands to streams and the potential consequences for regional biogeochemistry of more intensive agriculture in the Amazon Basin.

2004  

  • Amazon update

    Christopher Neill (Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, USA) was featured on the science program "Earth and Sky" of National Public Radio. He talked about the research and talked .

Short Courses / Seminars / Workshops / Conferences:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2000  

  • Perspectiva de Cooperação Científica em Rondônia

    Workshop organized for students and faculty of University of Rondônia and the Lutheran University of Rondônia (ULBRA), in Ji-Paraná, July, 2000.

  • Concentrações de nutrientes em córregos depois de desmatamento para pastagem em Rondônia

    Lecture presented by Christopher Neill (Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, USA) at the workshop "Perspectiva de Cooperação Científica em Rondônia".

2004  

  • Deforestation and the future of the Amazon

    This lecture was presented at Brown University Luce Scholars Program and at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) Science Journalism Program.

  • From soils to solutes to stream channels: how deforestation is altering Amazonian stream ecosystems

    Lecture presented at the Biology Department, Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa, USA.

Theses and Dissertations:

Year
Completed
Activity Description

2004  

  • Carbono orgânico dissolvido na solução do solo sob floresta e pastagem em Rondônia

    Masters thesis completed by Marcello Elias Cassiolato under the supervision of the ND-03 investigators at CENA-USP with assistance of Christopher Neil (The Ecosystems Center at Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, USA).

  • Change in of carbon dinamic as function of land use change, in two small catchments at Fazenda Nova Vida-Rondonia

    Doctoral dissertation completed by Luiz Fernando Charbel at CENA-USP, under the supervision of Dr. Alex Krusche and co-supervision of Dr. Linda Deegan at the Marine Biological Laboratory, The Ecosystems Center, USA.

  • Balanço de nitrogênio em microbacias pareadas (floresta Vs pastagem) no estado de Rondônia, Brasil

    Adriana Lucia Castellanos Bonilla did fieldwork and laboratory analysis for her Masters thesis at CENA under the supervision of Dr. Alex Krusche (CENA-USP). The thesis defense is scheduled for March 2005.

  • Balanço de Carbono Orgânico Dissolvido em microbacias pareadas (floresta x pastagem) no Estado de Rondônia

    Doctoral dissertation in progress at CENA-USP by Sergio Candido Gouveia Neto under the supervision of Dr. Alex W. Krusche.

 
 

Scheduled STI Site Visits:   more

 

Datasets/Posters Available as of 2013-11-26

Datasets (with related publications, if any) (View Posters)

LBA-ECO ND-03 Forest and Pasture Watershed Hydrochemistry, Rondonia, Brazil

  1. Chaves, J., C. Neill, S. Germer, S.G. Neto, A. Krusche, and H. Elsenbeer. 2008. Land management impacts on runoff sources in small Amazon watersheds. Hydrological Processes 22(12):1766-1775.
  2. Germer, S., H. Elsenbeer, and J.M. Moraes. 2006. Throughfall and temporal trends of rainfall redistribution in an open tropical rainforest, south-western Amazonia (Rondonia, Brazil). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 10(3):383-393.
  3. Neill, C., L.A. Deegan, S.M. Thomas, C.L. Haupert, A.V. Krusche, V.M. Ballester, and R.L. Victoria. 2006. Deforestation alters the hydraulic and biogeochemical characteristics of small lowland Amazonian streams. Hydrological Processes 20(12):2563-2580.
  4. Neto, Sergio Candido de Gouveia. 2006. Concentracoes e balancos de Carbono organico dissolvido em duas bacias do estado de Rondonia: uma comparacao entre floresta e pastagem. M.S. Thesis. University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. 55p.
LBA-ECO ND-03 Stream and Soil Water Data, Fazenda Nova Vida, Rondonia: 1994-2001

  1. Neill C, Piccolo MC, Cerri CC, Steudler PA, Melillo JM. (2006) Soil solution nitrogen losses during clearing of lowland Amazon forest for pasture. Plant and Soil, 281, 233-245
  2. Neill, C., L.A. Deegan, S.M. Thomas, C.L. Haupert, A.V. Krusche, V.M. Ballester, and R.L. Victoria. 2006. Deforestation alters the hydraulic and biogeochemical characteristics of small lowland Amazonian streams. Hydrological Processes 20(12):2563-2580.
  3. Neill, C., L.A. Deegan, S.M. Thomas, and C.C. Cerri. 2001. Deforestation for pasture alters nitrogen and phosphorus in small Amazonian Streams. Ecological Applications 11(6):1817-1828.
  4. Richey, J.E., A.V. Krusche, L.A. Deegan, V.M. Ballester, T.W. Biggs, and R. Victoria. 2001. Land use changes and the biogeochemistry of river corridors in the Amazon. IGBP Global Change Newsletter 45:19-22.
  5. Thomas S.M., Neill C., Deegan L.A., Krusche A.V., Ballester V.M., Victoria R.L. 2004. Influences of land use and stream size on particulate and dissolved materials in a small Amazonian stream network. Biogeochemistry 68: 135-151.

Posters (with related publications, if any)

Effects of land use changes in stream DOC dynamics in southern Amazon (Fazenda Nova Vida, Rondonia) (Poster)

How does Deforestation Affect Small Stream Chemistry? (Poster)

Links between soil biogeochemistry and water chemistry following deforestation for pasture in small watersheds in Rondonia (POSTER)


 

Publications:

Neill C, Deegan LA, Thomas SM, Cerri CC. (2001) Deforestation for pasture alters nitrogen and phosphorus in small Amazonian Streams. Ecological Applications, 11, 1817-1828. (abstract)

Richey JE, Krusche AV, Deegan LA, Ballester VM, Biggs TW, Victoria R. (2001) Land use changes and the biogeochemistry of river corridors in the Amazon. Global Change Newsletter, 45, 19-22.

Thomas SM, Neill C, Deegan LA, Krusche AV, Ballester VM, Victoria RL. (2004) Influences of land use and stream size on particulate and dissolved materials in a small Amazonian stream network. Biogeochemistry, 68, 135-151. (abstract)

KRUSCHE AVBMVRVRLea. (2005) Effects of land use changes in the biogeochemistry of fluvial systems of the Ji-Paraná river basin, Rondônia. Acta Amazonica, 35, 197-205. (abstract)

Germer S, Elsenbeer H, Moraes JM. (2006) Throughfall and temporal trends of rainfall redistribution in an open tropical rainforest, south-western Amazonia (Rondonia, Brazil). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 383-393. (abstract)

Neill C, Deegan LA, Thomas SM, Haupert CL, Krusche AV, Ballester VM, Victoria RL. (2006) Deforestation alters the hydraulic and biogeochemical characteristics of small lowland Amazonian streams. Hydrological Processes, 20, 2563-2580.

Neill C, Elsenbeer H, Krusche AV, Lehmann J, Markewitz D, Figueiredo RD. (2006) Hydrological and biogeochemical processes in a changing Amazon: results from small watershed studies and the large-scale biosphere-atmosphere experiment. Hydrological Processes, 20, 2467-2476.

Neill C, Piccolo MC, Cerri CC, Steudler PA, Melillo JM. (2006) Soil solution nitrogen losses during clearing of lowland Amazon forest for pasture. Plant and Soil, 281, 233-245. (abstract)

Neto S. Concentracoes e balancos de Carbono organico dissolvido em duas bacias do estado de Rondonia: uma comparacao entre floresta e pastagem, Thesis, University of Sao Paulo, 2006

Germer S, Neill C, Krusche AV, Gouveia SC, Elsenbeer H. (2007) Seasonal and within-event dynamics of rainfall and throughfall chemistry in an open tropical rainforest in Rondonia, Brazil. Biogeochemistry, 86, 155-174. (abstract)

Chaves J, Neill C, Germer S, Neto SG, Krusche A, Elsenbeer H. (2008) Land management impacts on runoff sources in small Amazon watersheds. Hydrological Processes, 22, 1766-1775. (abstract)

Zimmermann A, Germer S, Neill C, Krusche AV, Elsenbeer H. (2008) Spatio-temporal patterns of throughfall and solute deposition in an open tropical rain forest. Journal of Hydrology, 360, 87-102. (abstract)

Chaves J, Neill C, Germer S, Neto SG, Krusche AV, Bonilla AC, Elsenbeer H. (2009) Nitrogen Transformations in Flowpaths Leading from Soils to Streams in Amazon Forest and Pasture. Ecosystems, 12, 961-972. (abstract)

Germer S, Neill C, Vetter T, Chaves J, Krusche AV, Elsenbeer H. (2009) Implications of long-term land-use change for the hydrology and solute budgets of small catchments in Amazonia. Journal of Hydrology, 364, 349-363. (abstract)

Tomasella J, Neill C, Figueiredo R, Nobre AD. Water and Chemical Budgets at the Catchment Scale Including Nutrient Exports From Intact Forests and Disturbed Landscapes, in Amazonia and Global Change, edited by Keller M, Bustamante M, Gash JHC and Silva-Dias P, 2009.

Germer S, Neill C, Krusche AV, Elsenbeer H. (2010) Influence of land-use change on near-surface hydrological processes: Undisturbed forest to pasture. Journal of Hydrology, 380, 473-480. (abstract)

 

Matrix of Publications-Datasets:  more

 

Science Questions:

Nutrient Dynamics and Surface Water Chemistry:

        ND-Q1 - How do stocks, cycling rates and budgets of carbon and important elements nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and aluminum change under different land covers and land uses?
        ND-Q4 - How do changes in land use and climate alter the stocks, processes and fluxes of dissolved and particulate organic matter, nutrients, and trace gases from the uplands across the riparian zones and floodplains and down the channels of river corridors?
        ND-Q4a - How will the composition and quantity of nutrients and organic matter entering and being processed within streams be altered under different land-use change scenarios?
        ND-Q4b - Are there unique signatures that can be traced downstream?
        ND-Q4c - To what extent do intact riparian zones buffer streams against changes due to anthropogenic activities in surrounding uplands?
        ND-Q5 - What is the importance of periodically "wet" environments (from moist soils to standing and flowing waters) for the land and atmospheric balances of nutrients, carbon dioxide, trace gases, and water and energy on multiple scales?
 
 
 
 
 
 

Other Research Teams:

CD-01  -  CD-02  -  CD-03  -  CD-04  -  CD-05  -  CD-06  -  CD-07  -  CD-08  -  CD-09  -  
CD-10  -  CD-11  -  CD-12  -  CD-14  -  CD-15  -  CD-17  -  CD-18  -  CD-30  -  CD-31  -  
CD-32  -  CD-33  -  CD-34  -  CD-35  -  CD-36  -  CD-37  -  CD-40  -  CD-41  -  LC-01  -  
LC-02  -  LC-03  -  LC-04  -  LC-05  -  LC-06  -  LC-07  -  LC-08  -  LC-09  -  LC-10  -  
LC-11  -  LC-12  -  LC-13  -  LC-14  -  LC-15  -  LC-16  -  LC-21  -  LC-22  -  LC-23  -  
LC-24  -  LC-30  -  LC-31  -  LC-32  -  LC-33  -  LC-34  -  LC-35  -  LC-36  -  LC-37  -  
LC-38  -  LC-39  -  ND-01  -  ND-02  -  ND-04  -  ND-06  -  ND-07  -  ND-08  -  ND-09  -  
ND-10  -  ND-11  -  ND-30  -  ND-31  -  PC-30  -  TG-01  -  TG-02  -  TG-03  -  TG-04  -  
TG-05  -  TG-06  -  TG-07  -  TG-08  -  TG-09  -  TG-10  -  TG-30  -  TG-31  -  TG-32

 


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