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Investigation:

CD-08 (Trumbore / Camargo)

LBA Dataset ID:

CD08_TREE_GROWTH_MANAUS

Originator(s):

1. CHAMBERS, J.Q.
2. DA SILVA, R.P.
3. TRIBUZY, E.S.
      4. DOS SANTOS, J.
5. HIGUCHI, N.

Point(s) of Contact:

ORNL DAAC User Services Office Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37 (ornldaac@ornl.gov)

Dataset Abstract:

Information on diameter increment and growth patterns for individual trees are important tools for forest management primarily to: (i) select tree species for logging; (ii) selecting tree species for protection; (iii) estimate cutting cycles and (iv) to prescribe silvicultural treatments. Most growth and yield studies in tropical moist forests have emphasized only the stand level instead of individual trees. This study dealt with the analysis of individual growth patterns for 272 trees distributed over two transects (East to West and North to South) measuring 20m by 2500 m, which were stratified by plateau, slope and baixio (lowland areas near small streams), and tree diameter at breast height (DBH) classes (10 cm < DBH < 30 cm, 30 cm < DBH < 50 cm and DBH > 50 cm). For each tree, a metal dendrometer band was fixed to the trunk and growthin circumference was measured with digital calipers. Measurements were carried out between June 1999 and December 2001.

Beginning Date:

1999-06-20

Ending Date:

2001-12-27

Metadata Last Updated on:

2013-10-17

Data Status:

Archived

Access Constraints:

PUBLIC

Data Center URL:

http://daac.ornl.gov/

Distribution Contact(s):

ORNL DAAC User Services Office Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37 (ornldaac@ornl.gov)

Access Instructions:

PUBLIC

Data Access:

IMPORTANT: The LBA-ECO Project website is no longer being supported. Links to external websites may be inactive. Final data products from the LBA project can be found at the ORNL DAAC. Please follow the fair use guidelines found in the dataset documentation when using or citing LBA data.
Datafile(s):

LBA-ECO CD-08 Tree Diameter Measurements, Jacaranda Plots, Manaus, Brazil: 1999-2001:  http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dsviewer.pl?ds_id=1194

Documentation/Other Supporting Documents:

LBA-ECO CD-08 Tree Diameter Measurements, Jacaranda Plots, Manaus, Brazil: 1999-2001:  http://daac.ornl.gov/LBA/guides/CD08_Tree_Growth_Manaus.html

Citation Information - Other Details:

Chambers, J.Q., R. Pereira da Silva, E. Siza Tribuzy, J. dos Santos, and N. Higuchi. 2013. LBA-ECO CD-08 Tree Diameter Measurements, Jacaranda Plots, Manaus, Brazil: 1999-2001. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1194

Keywords - Theme:

Parameter Topic Term Source Sensor
DIAMETER AT BREAST HEIGHT (DBH) BIOSPHERE VEGETATION FIELD INVESTIGATION CALIPERS
DIAMETER AT BREAST HEIGHT (DBH) BIOSPHERE VEGETATION FIELD INVESTIGATION DENDROMETER BANDS

Uncontrolled Theme Keyword(s):  TOPOGRAPHY, TREE GROWTH

Keywords - Place (with associated coordinates):

Region
(click to view profile)
Site
(click to view profile)
North South East West
  AMAZONAS (MANAUS) -2.60910 -2.60910 -60.20930 -60.20930

Related Publication(s):

da Silva, R.P., J. dos Santos, E.S. Tribuzy, J.Q. Chambers, S. Nakamura, and N. Higuchi. 2002. Diameter increment and growth patterns for individual tree growing in Central Amazon, Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management 166(1-3):295-301.

Data Characteristics (Entity and Attribute Overview):

Data Characteristics:

Data are presented in 4 ASCII comma separated files and organized as follows:



File #1: CD08_Dendrometers_Jacaranda_Edgard_EW.csv

File #2: CD08_Dendrometers_Jacaranda_Edgard_NS.csv

File #3 CD08_Dendrometers_Jacaranda_Rosa_EW.csv

File #4: CD08_Dendrometers_Jacaranda_Rosa_NS.csv



Files #1 and 2 follow the same organizational scheme:



File name:,CD08_Dendrometers_Jacaranda_Edgard_EW.csv,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

File date:,4-Sep-13,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

Associated LME file: CD08_Tree_Growth_Manaus,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

Column, Column_heading,Units/format,Explanation,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

1,PI,,Name of the principal investigator for whom the data were originally collected,,,,,,,,

2,Tree_ID,,Tree identification,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

3,Local_name,,Local name of the tree species where identified,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

4,Transect,,Location of the tree on either the North-South (N-S) or East-West (E-W) transect set up in the Jacaranda plots,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

5,UA,,Sampling unit (unidade de amostra in Portuguese) each 2500 m by 20 m transect was divided into 125 20 m by 20 m units numbered sequentially.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

6,Distance,m ,Distance along the transect reported to the nearest 20 meters,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

7,Topography,,Location in terms of topography: plateau, slope or baixio which refers to a lowland position associated with small streams,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

8,DBH_init,cm,Initial diameter at breast height (dbh) reported in centimeters (cm),,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

9,Family,,Identification of the tree to scientific family ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

10,Genus,,Identification of the tree to genus ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

11,species,, Identification of the tree to species,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

12 to 28,YYYYMMDD,mm,Columns 12 through 28 are labelled with the sampling date in the format YYYYMMDD and report the dendrometer reading on that date in millimeters (mm),,,,

29,Notes,,Notes from field observations on the condition of the tree and the dendrometer,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

,missing data are represented by -9999,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,



Sample data for Files #1 and 2:

PI,Tree_ID,Local_name,Transect,UA,Distance,Topography,DBH_init,Family,Genus,species,20000712,20000831,20000926,20001103,20001204,20010103,20010201,20010309,20010425,20010530,20010626,20010724,20010828,20010925,20011031,20011128,20011227,Notes



Edgard,56,LOURO PRETO,E-W,3,60,plateau,10.5,Lauraceae,Ocotea,minor,20.3,20.87,20.895, 21.95,22.3,22.41,22.85,23.21,24.32,25.49,25.87,26.37,26.86,27.65,29.52,29.64,30.39,-9999

Edgard,70,CAROBA,E-W,3,60,plateau,23.8,Bignoniaceae,Jacaranda,copaia,11.65,11.35,11.02, 13.29,15.45,17.55,19.07,21.16,23.93,25.43,26.31,27.23,27.41,27.52,28.1,30.09,32.95,-9999

Edgard,88,UCUUBA VERMELHA,E-W,4,80,plateau,23.5,Myristicaceae,Virola,sp.,-9999,-9999,-9999,-9999,13.94,15.62,16.73,18.12,19.35,20.47,21.76,21.96,21.91,22.35, 22.67,22.78, 23.21,-9999



Files #3 and 4 follow the same organizational scheme:

File name:,CD08_Dendrometers_Jacaranda_Rosa_EW.csv,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

File date:,4-Sep-13,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

Associated LME file: CD08_Tree_Growth_Manaus,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

Column,Column_heading,Units/format,Explanation,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

1,PI,,Name of the principal investigator for whom the data were originally collected,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

2,Tree_ID,,Tree identification number,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

3,Local_name,,Local name of the tree species where identified,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

4,Transect,,Location of the tree on either the North-South (N-S) or East-West (E-W) transect set up in the Jacaranda plots,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

5,UA,,Sampling unit (unidade de amostra in Portuguese) each 2500 m by 20 m transect was divided into 125 20 m by 20 m units numbered sequentially.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

6,Distance,m ,Distance along the transect reported to the nearest 10 meters,,,,,

7,Topography,,Location in terms of topography: plateau, slope or baixio which refers to a lowland position associated with small streams,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

8,DBH_init,cm,Initial diameter at breast height (dbh) reported in centimeters (cm),,,,,,,,,

9,Band_ht,m,Height at which the dendrometer band was installed reported in meters (m) ,

10 to 40,YYYYMMDD,mm,Columns 10 through 40 are labelled with the sampling date in the format YYYYMMDD and report the dendrometer reading on that date in millimeters (mm),,,,,,,,

41,Notes,,Notes from field observations on the condition of the tree and the dendrometer,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

,missing data are represented by -9999,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,



Sample data for Files #3 and 4:

PI,Tree_ID,Local_name,Transect,UA,Distance,Topography,DBH_init,Band_ht,19990620,19990723,19990820,19990926,19991026,19991128,19991220,20000127,20000222,20000323,20000426,20000530,20000629,20000728,20000823,20000926,20001026,20001128,20001227,20010129,20010220,20010329,20010425,20010529,20010626,20010725,20010827,20010925,20011031,20011127,20011227,Notes



Rose,83,CARDEIRO,E-W,4,,plateau,44.8,1.3,55.35,55.89,55.89,54.09,52.07,51.47,51,48.01, 48.38,47.9,47.9,47.89,47.98,48.06,48.09,48.61,48.6,48.5,48.38,48.33,47.96,47.83,47.8,47.92,47.28,46.51,45.87,45.15,43.37,43.03,42.31,shedding bark

Rose,87,MATAMATA AMARELO,E-W,4,,plateau,22.8,1.2,53.49,53.79,53.81,54.06,52.71, 49.77,48.76,46.57,45.66,44.69,43.39,42.9,42.45,42.15,41.76,41.88,41.68,41.69,41.63,41.48,41.58,41.58,41.58,41.68,41.61,41.56,41.56,41.63,41.61,41.59,41.6,-9999

Rose,90,FAVEIRA FOLHA FINA,E-W,4,,plateau,37.6,1.8,55.82,56.41,56.35,55.86,55.74, 54.26,52.48,51.29,50.91,50.6,50.19,50.25,50.51,50.52,50.61,50.47,50.38,48.66,45.92,43.37,42.34,41.38,41.4,41.37,41.12,41.51,41.67,41.28,40.91,40.06,38.04,-9999

Data Application and Derivation:

Annual rates of above-ground biomass productivity can be calculated based on the diameter increments measured using allometric equations.

Quality Assessment (Data Quality Attribute Accuracy Report):

Quality Assessment:

Species identifications were done by local technicians with years of experience but not verified by herbarium vouchers.

Process Description:

Data Acquisition Materials and Methods:

This study was carried out in the ZF-2 Experimental Station of the National Institute for Research in the Amazon (INPA), some 90 km North of Manaus, the capital of Amazonas State, Brazil. Two transect plots were established in 1996 by the Jacaranda Project (agreement between INPA and Japan International Cooperation Agency, JICA). These transects measure 20m by 2500 m (5 ha) each, oriented in East to West (E--W) and North to South (N--S) directions, and are stratified by plateau, slope and baixio (lowland areas associated with small streams). Coordinates for the start and end points for each transect are as follows: N-S (-2.5667537, -60.2661042; -2.5575346, -60.26857) E-W (-2.5634411, -60.2714896; -2.5611095, -60.2629662)



Vegetation structure (Higuchi et al., 1998) and soil studies (Ferraz et al., 1998) have been previously published for the same area. Dense terra-firme tropical moist forest, which dominates Central Amazon landscape (Higuchi et al., 1997) is the main vegetation of the study site. About 10 km east of the transect plots, an inventory study within an area of 96 ha recorded 14,922 individuals with diameters at breast height greater than or equal to 25 cm. and identified 409 different tree species, 206 genera and 51 families. According to Ferraz et al. (1998), soil classification and textures for plateaus, slopes and baixios are, respectively, Oxisols very clayey, Ultisols clayey sand and sandy clay, and Entisols very sandy. Within the two transects, soils present low fertility, high acidity, and high negative charges at depressions.

Initially, 300 tree individuals were selected at random from Jacaranda Project transect plots (Higuchi et al., 1998), equally distributed among topographical classes (plateau, slope and baixio), the E--W and N--S transects, and the diameter classes (between 10 cm and 30 cm DBH, between 30 cm and 50 cm DBH and greater than 50 cm DBH). Metal dendrometer bands were installed on each selected tree, which measured changes in stem diameter through return spring displacement. Displacement measurements were taken by a digital caliper with precision of 0.01 mm. All metal dendrometers were installed in June 1999 when the first measurement was taken. Following measurements were taken monthly always between days 25 and 30.

References:

Ferraz, J., Ohta, S., Salles, P.C., 1998. Distribuicao dos Solos ao Longo de Dois Transectos em Floresta Primaria ao Norte de INPA, Manaus, AM. Em: Higuchi, N., Campos, M.A.A.,

Sampaio, P.T.B., dos Santos, J. (Eds.), Pesquisas Florestais para Conservacao da Floresta e Reabilitacao de Areas Degradadas da Amazonia, pp. 111�143.



Higuchi. N., dos Santos, J., Ribeiro, R.J., Freitas, J.V., Vieira, G., Coic, A., Minette, L.J., 1997. Crescimento e Incremento de uma Floresta Amazonica de Terra-Firme Manejada Experimentalmente. In: Biomassa de Nutrientes Florestais. INPA/ DFID, pp. 89�132.



Higuchi, N., dos Santos, J., Vieira, G., Ribeiro, R.J., Sakurai, S., Ishizuka, M., Sakai, T., Tanaka, N., Saito, S., 1998. Analise Estrutural da Floresta Prima´ria da Bacia do Rio Cuieiras, ZF-2,

Manaus-AM, Brasil. In: Higuchi, N., Campos, M.A.A., Sampaio, P.T.B., dos Santos, J. (Eds.), Pesquisas Florestais para Conservacao da Floresta e Reabilitacao de Areas Degradadas da Amazonia, pp. 51�81.

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